Support

At A Glance

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Overriding your device’s sleep setting

In the settings panel you’ll find a forScore-specific option called “Auto-lock”. If enabled, forScore will allow your device’s screen to dim then sleep if it’s set up to do so. If you disable this option, forScore will override the device’s settings and prevent it from going to sleep as long as forScore is visible on the screen.

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Half-page turns

When your device is in portrait orientation, half-page turns allow you to see the top half of the next page while finishing up the bottom half of the current page. This feature can be enabled by tapping on the circled “1/2” button in the main control bar. Tap it once to enable half-page turns (it will turn blue) and tap it again to disable them (it will turn gray).

A blue horizontal divider shows you where the page is split so you don’t get lost, and you can reposition this divider vertically by dragging the three horizontal lines up or down. The divider’s position is saved per page of score, so you can set it once to the most convenient location for each turn and it’ll always split in that same spot.

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Annotating near the top of a page

While you’re annotating, forScore displays a toolbar so you can change drawing presets, tools, save or cancel your changes, or move between pages. This toolbar covers up part of the page, so you’ll need to move it when you want to annotate near the top of the screen.

On either side of the toolbar you’ll see a set of three horizontal lines. This is a standard iOS control that signifies when something can be moved up or down, for instance when reordering items in a list. Tap and drag this control up or down to move the annotation controls out of the way and they’ll stay there until you move them again (even if you exit and re-enter annotation mode later).

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Adding files using iTunes File Sharing

There are many different ways to add files to your forScore library, but if you’re starting out with forScore and you have an existing collection of PDF files on your computer, iTunes File Sharing is the easiest way to begin. Whether you have a Mac or a PC, as long as you have iTunes installed these instructions should help you get started. Keep in mind that iTunes is frequently updated and some of the instructions or screenshots you’ll find online may be slightly different than what you see at home. In most cases these subtle changes don’t affect the process as described below.

Note: iTunes’ File Sharing interface lets you copy or immediately and permanently delete any file within an app’s Documents directory. Before removing files, be sure you understand how that will affect the app you’re working with (in forScore, deleting a PDF file permanently removes that score from your forScore library).

  • Close forScore on your iOS device
  • Access the iTunes File Sharing panel
  • Click “Add…” in the documents panel to open a file browser
  • Choose one or more files from the file browser
  • OR, drag and drop items from a file browser window over the documents panel
  • The file transfer will start automatically, with a progress bar displaying at the top of the iTunes window
  • When finished, you may disconnect your device and launch forScore

Unlike syncing music or other data to your device, copying files to and from an app through the iTunes File Sharing panel happens immediately. As soon as the progress bar is completed your files have been transferred and there’s no need to sync your device before disconnecting it and using forScore to access your files.

About Folders

When the iPad and iTunes File Sharing were first introduced, they were designed to work with files only and not with folders. Although recent iTunes updates have eased these restrictions slightly, working with folders in iTunes is very limited and there’s no way to view a folder’s contents without copying it back to your computer first. Based on Apple’s original guidance, forScore was designed to work similarly and continues to work this way today—it recognizes files placed within its documents directory but ignores any subdirectories. If you have files organized into folders on your computer, you’ll need to copy each folder’s contents into forScore separately and handle any filename conflicts as they arise.

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Transferring your forScore library to another device

If you’ve just upgraded to a new device, the best way to get up and running is to follow Apple’s setup instructions and restore from a recent iTunes or iCloud device backup, if available. If that isn’t possible, or if you prefer not to do so, you can use forScore’s Backup panel to migrate your data instead. The following two articles provide step-by-step instructions:

Step 1: Backing up your data to your computer
Step 2: Restoring your library data from a forScore backup file

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Transposing and music playback

Since forScore relies on user-supplied pdf files that could come from any source (scanned, exported from another program, or even handwritten), it doesn’t have the ability to detect notes on a page, so it isn’t able to transpose the music or play back the notes for you.

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Tips for scanning your hard copy sheet music

Most scanner software will allow you to create a PDF file directly from individual page scans, but keep in mind that forScore’s performance can vary widely based on the characteristics of the files you’re using. Keep your file sizes low by choosing a dpi of around 100-150 (up to 300 if you’ll need to zoom in often to see small details or if you have a device with a Retina display), and consider using a grayscale setting since color information typically isn’t very important for score. Each combination of scanner hardware and software is different, so try a few different test files to find the best balance between quality and performance to suit your own needs.
 
Note: most scanner software also has an option to “append” or create “multi-page” PDFs. We highly recommend using this feature to combine all pages from a score into a single file, rather than keeping each page as a separate file.

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Cropping pages to enlarge your music

Most PDF files contain white space around the edges, but these margins are more important for printing something out rather than displaying it on a screen. To crop individual pages within a PDF file, use Crop tool by following these steps:

  • Open the Tools menu (toolbox icon) and choose Crop
  • The app will attempt to detect the edges of the music and auto-crop the score
  • Use two fingers to zoom in or pan around and enlarge the page further if needed
  • Use the slider in the crop toolbar to adjust the skew of the page if needed
  • Tap the next page arrow to move through the rest of the file and make further page-specific adjustments if needed
  • Tap Crop when finished to save your changes

If you’d like to adjust the margins for all pages in a file at once, learn more about margin adjustment.

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Backing up your data to your computer

This article provides step-by-step instructions for backing up your information using forScore’s Backup panel, but it’s also important to understand where your data is stored and how forScore works with iOS backups, iCloud, and your computer. For more information on these topics, visit this page.

Note: this article references 4SB Archives which are available as of forScore 10.4.7 and forScore mini 3.4.7. Archives take up significantly more storage space on your device and may not be available in all situations. Learn more about the difference between 4SB backups and archives here.

Using iTunes

This method is the fastest and most common way of backing up your data. We recommend this process instead of using the Services panel whenever possible.

  • In forScore, open the Tools menu and choose Backup.
  • Tap the + button to create a new backup (recommended) or an archive, if available.
  • Connect your device to your computer with its USB cable and access the iTunes File Sharing panel.
  • If you created an archive, select it from the list. If you created a backup file, select all of the files in the documents panel by clicking on one and pressing Ctrl-A (PC) or Command-A (Mac).
  • Click the “Save To…” button and specify a location on your computer. The transfer begins immediately (see the progress bar near the top of the iTunes window). Once the progress bar finishes, it is safe to disconnect your device.

Using the Services panel

You can also back up your library to a supported cloud service through forScore’s Services panel. When using this method, we strongly encourage using Archives instead of Backups since only a single file needs to be uploaded and ensures that you don’t end up with an incomplete backup of your library.

  • In forScore, open the Tools menu and choose Backup.
  • Tap the + button to create a new backup or archive (recommended, if available).
  • Return to the Tools menu and choose Services, select your account if not already visible, and navigate to your preferred upload directory.
  • If you created an archive:
    • Tap the + button, navigate to the “Backups” tab, select your archive and choose “Upload” to begin the transfer.
  • If you created a backup:
    • Tap the + button, navigate to the “Backups” tab, select the backup you just created and choose “Upload” to begin the transfer.
    • Tap the + button again, navigate to the “Scores” tab, tap “All” in the lower left-hand corner to select all files. Ensure that the upload format is “PDF” in the bottom right-hand corner, then choose “Upload” to begin the transfer.
    • Tap the + button and navigate to the “Audio” tab. If any files listed, tap “All” in the lower left-hand corner to select all of them and choose “Upload” to begin the transfer.
    • Repeat the last step for the upload picker’s “Other” tab, if necessary.

Using forScore Backup Utility for MacforScore 10.5 & 3.5

Archive your library directly to a Mac running macOS 10.13 or newer by downloading our free backup utility. This creates a single 4SB Archive file on your computer that can be used to recover your entire forScore library if needed. If you need to be able to browse through and access your documents on your computer, see the “using iTunes” section above.

  • Connect your iOS device to your computer using its USB cable
  • Launch forScore Backup Utility
  • Open forScore and choose “Backup” from the tools menu
  • Create a new archive by tapping the + button in forScore’s Backup panel, or restore from an existing archive by clicking “Restore…” in the Backup Utility app on your Mac

Please don’t leave your hard work up to chance, back up regularly!

If you ever need to restore your data from a forScore backup, see this article: Restoring your library from a forScore backup file

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Virtual keyboard won’t appear

iOS disables the virtual on-screen keyboard whenever most page turners are connected, because many page turners use a “keyboard” device profile. Disconnecting your device will allow the virtual keyboard to reappear when it is needed, and the devices listed below include an additional hardware workaround that can allow you to use the device and the virtual keyboard at the same time:

AirTurn BT-105 (firmware v1.22 or later) or BT-106, Duo, Quad

After connecting your device via the Bluetooth section of the Settings app, open forScore and tap to activate the text field you’d like to type in. Then, press the red power button. Once that’s done, you should be able to use the virtual keyboard and still turn pages normally. Be aware that pressing the virtual keyboard’s “hide” button in the lower right-hand corner will undo this workaround, and you’ll need to repeat these steps to continue to use the virtual keyboard. For a video demonstration of this feature, visit AirTurn’s website.

AirTurn PED (if used in mode 2 or higher)

After connecting your device via the Bluetooth section of the Settings app, open forScore and tap to activate the text field you’d like to type in. Then, press the keyboard button on the PED device. Once that’s done, you should be able to use the virtual keyboard and still turn pages normally. Be aware that pressing the virtual keyboard’s “hide” button in the lower right-hand corner will undo this workaround, and you’ll need to repeat these steps to continue to use the virtual keyboard. If possible, use the AirTurn PED in mode 1 to connect via Bluetooth Smart and avoid this issue entirely.

PageFlip Firefly, Butterfly, Dragonfly, and Cicada revision 4 or later

After connecting your device via the Bluetooth section of the Settings app, open forScore and tap to activate the text field you’d like to type in. Then, press the currently selected mode button (the button with the blinking red light below or next to it). Once that’s done, you should be able to use the virtual keyboard and still turn pages normally. Be aware that pressing the virtual keyboard’s “hide” button in the lower right-hand corner will undo this workaround, and you’ll need to repeat these steps to continue to use the virtual keyboard. Note: Earlier revisions of the PageFlip Cicada do not have any way to toggle the virtual keyboard. If you have an early model of the Cicada, consider updating to a newer PageFlip model.

IKMultimedia iRig BlueTurn

After connecting your device via the Bluetooth section of the Settings app, open forScore and tap to activate the text field you’d like to type in. Press and hold the left (“up” arrow) pad for three seconds to activate the virtual keyboard. Once that’s done, you should be able to use the virtual keyboard and still turn pages normally until you repeat these steps or power cycle your BlueTurn.

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Merging two or more files

With version 5 of forScore and later, you can merge multiple files into a single PDF:

  • Open the score menu and navigate to a view that shows all of the files you’d like to combine
  • Tap the edit button in the upper right corner of the menu
  • Tap to select the files you would like to combine in order from first to last
  • Tap the Merge button that appears when multiple PDFs are selected
  • The app will then prompt you to name the merged file and ask if you’d like to retain the source PDFs, then begin the merge operation

Please note: Merging files is limited to the processing and memory limits of your device, so this process may crash the app if the files being merged are too large for the device to handle. Merging only retains the metadata of the first file selected, and any metadata in the subsequent files will be omitted/deleted.

Lastly, if you need to change the location of one of the PDFs (e.g. place a missing page in the middle of an existing score), you can then use the Rearrange tool to edit the page order.

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Viewing two pages at a time

As of version 5.0, forScore includes an optional two-page or 2-up mode. While holding your device in landscape orientation, use the round button just to the left of the main toolbar’s title to switch between this mode and the default one-page view.

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Minimum Requirements

forScore requires iOS 9 or later, which is compatible with every iPad except for the original iPad 1 (models A1219 and A1337). All other iPad models, including iPad Air, iPad Pro, and iPad mini are currently supported. Existing customers who purchased forScore before certain dates can still download and use these last compatible, unsupported versions of forScore if needed:

iOS 5/6: version 5.1.5 if purchased prior to October 7, 2013
iOS 7: version 10.0.4 if purchased prior to September 13, 2016
iOS 8: version 10.2.6 if purchased prior to September 19, 2017

forScore mini requires iOS 9 or later, which is compatible with the iPhone 4S or newer and the iPod Touch (5th generation or newer). Existing customers who purchased forScore mini prior to September 19, 2017, can still download and use forScore 10.2.6 with their devices running iOS 8.

We do not make forScore for any other platforms, such as Mac OS X, Windows, or Android.

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Rearranging Setlists

In the Setlists menu, with the “Manual” sort order selected, you can arrange your setlists or their contents by tapping the Edit button and using the control on the right-hand side of each item (three horizontal lines). Tap and hold the control until the row pops out of the table view, and then drag the score upward or downward. You can also do this from within the full screen setlist editor, where the gray bars are always visible in the setlist column.

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Adding or creating new stamps

forScore’s annotation stamps include a general set for music markup, but we’ve also included the ability for users to create and add their own stamps to further customize the stamps palette and tailor it to their individual needs.

You can add stamps by pressing the + button or edit any existing stamps by first selecting them, and then tapping the action button. Either action will launch the stamp editor, where you can use your finger to draw or edit your design.

You can even create stamps by importing your own images. First, create an image on your computer (it must be a PNG image, and for best results should be 72×72 or 144×144 pixels), and add it to forScore via iTunes File Sharing. Then, create a new stamp and press the “Import” button to see the PNG files on your device. Tap on one to place it on the canvas and continue to edit it or simply save it as is.

Tip: The import panel also allows you to manage your files; swipe your finger across any entry to see the “delete” button appear, then tap it to remove an image once you no longer need it.

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Linking audio to your scores with Music Binding

If you want to use an audio track with a particular piece, you can associate that track with the corresponding sheet music in forScore and control playback directly from within the app. Open the Metadata panel for the score or bookmark and select the “Audio” tab. Tap the round + button to select tracks from your iTunes music library, or tap the rectangular + button to view files stored in the app’s documents directory. (Audio files can be created using the record feature, imported from other apps, or transferred via iTunes file sharing.)

The media box updates every time you turn the page, disappearing if there is no track associated with the current score or bookmark, so you don’t have to spend time looking through your audio library every time you want to listen to it—just press play.

If multiple tracks are associated with the current score, swipe left and right over the album artwork to move between them.

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Compatible file types

PDF Scores

You can view virtually any PDF file with forScore, and use a wide range of free applications for every major platform to convert other files to the PDF format. forScore also works with password-protected PDF files, and will prompt you for the password the first time you open it, then store that password in your iOS Keychain so you don’t need to enter it every time. Note that some PDF files are restricted and require special software, so we can’t guarantee compatibility.

Additional Formats

forScore supports many popular audio file formats so you can import tracks and associate them with specific scores for easy access. Audio track support is determined by Apple and is subject to change at any time, but generally includes MP3, AIFF, AAC, ALAC, WAV, and M4A files. As of version 10.2, forScore also supports importing comma-separated values (CSV) files for use with the Bookmarks menu’s Indexes feature. Finally, forScore’s custom 4SB format allows you to create and restore from backups of forScore’s metadata, setlists, settings, annotations, and more.

Transport Formats

Some files can be imported by forScore but are not stored and used as-is. For instance, forScore 7 added the ability to import TXT, RTF, DOC, and DOCX files which are then automatically converted to and stored as PDF files.

forScore also uses two custom formats to share information with other forScore users: 4SC and 4SS files. 4SC files contain a PDF file and additional forScore-specific metadata, editable annotations, and more. When you import a 4SC file into your forScore library, the PDF file is saved to the app’s Documents directory while the other information is stored in forScore’s database and private directories. 4SS files contain setlist information and may include scores as well. Like 4SC files, 4SS files are unpacked and their contents are stored in various locations within forScore.

More detailed technical information regarding forScore’s file type support can be found here.

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How do I annotate behind the toolbar at the top of the page?

While you’re annotating, forScore displays a toolbar so you can change drawing presets, tools, save or cancel your changes, or move between pages. This toolbar covers up part of the page, so you’ll need to move it when you want to annotate near the top of the screen.

On either side of the toolbar you’ll see a set of three horizontal lines. This is a standard iOS control that signifies when something can be moved up or down, for instance when reordering items in a list. Tap and drag this control up or down to move the annotation controls out of the way and they’ll stay there until you move them again (even if you exit and re-enter annotation mode later).

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Inverting the screen for low light environments

While forScore doesn’t have a “night mode”, iOS has an “invert screen” feature that may help. If you open the Settings app, under General, choose Accessibility. At the bottom of that panel, set the Accessibility Shortcut option to “Invert Colors” (in iOS 11 or later there are two options: Classic Invert Colors and Smart Invert Colors). Then, when using forScore, triple-click on the Home button on your device and it will invert the colors of the screen, setting white text on a black background.

For more information about Accessibility Features, see these articles on Apple’s website from the iPad User Guide:
Display Accommodations
Use Accessibility Shortcuts

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Moving PDFs from iBooks to forScore

If you previously kept your PDF files in iBooks, or accidentally added them into iBooks through iTunes, you can transfer them from your computer into forScore. Here are some instructions for that process using a Mac computer, with the iBooks app installed:

  1. Connect your device to your computer
  2. On your computer, open the iBooks app, click Collections in the top section, then choose PDFs from the left sidebar
  3. Select the files you’re like to transfer, then click and drag them to your computer’s desktop
  4. In iTunes, access the iTunes File Sharing panel
  5. Drag the file(s) from your desktop into the panel that appears to the right of the forScore symbol
  6. The file(s) will be copied to your device automatically

If you use a PC, iBooks are stored in the iBooks section of your iTunes library. Browse the library to locate the PDF files you’ve added, then click and drag them to your desktop to copy the files there. Once you’ve finished, follow steps 4-7 above to add them to forScore.

If you have purchased music through the iBooks Store, there is no way to transfer those files to forScore due to proprietary file formats and copy restrictions.

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Connecting your AirTurn PED

AirTurn’s PED features six different modes for compatibility with a wide range of devices. Using the PED’s mode 1 will give you the best battery life and won’t interfere with iOS’s virtual on-screen keyboard. Modes 2 and up are not recommended due to double signal transmission introduced in recent firmware updates.

Note: AirTurn PED requires a Bluetooth Smart-capable device, iPad 1 and 2 not supported.

Switching PED modes:

  • Turn on the PED.
  • Press and hold the MODE button. The red LED will flash once per second from 1 to 6 flashes. The number of flashes corresponds to the same MODE number. Be sure to count the flashes.
  • Release the MODE button following the number of flashes that reflects the desired MODE. The blue and red LEDs will flash together the number of times indicating which MODE has been set.
  • IMPORTANT: You must restart the device after switching between modes 1 and 2. With the PED powered on, press and hold the power button for six seconds. After two seconds, the PED will appear to power down. Continue to hold the power button. At six seconds both LEDs will blink three times. After the third blink release the power button. Once the device is reset and you turn it back on, you will need to re-select mode 1, as it defaults to mode 2.

Connecting via mode 1 (forScore 8.3 or newer, forScore mini 1.2 or newer):

  • Check the “Bluetooth” section of the Settings app for your PED under the “My Devices” list. If listed, tap the circled “i” button to the right of it and select “Forget This Device.”
  • If you haven’t done so already, set your PED to mode 1 (see above).
  • In forScore, open the Devices panel and select “AirTurn PED.”
  • Ensure that “AirTurn Support” is enabled and select your PED from the devices list when it appears.

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Using Margin Adjustment to remove white space

Most PDF files contain white space around the edges, but these margins are more important for printing something out rather than displaying it on a screen. The margin adjustment slider allows you to zoom in equally towards the center of every page of that score at once. It doesn’t affect the original file, so you can still print it out later if you need to.

  • Open the metadata panel for the item you’d like to adjust (tap the title display for the current item or tap the round arrow button to the right of an item in a menu)
  • Make sure the “Layout” tab is selected about 2/3 down the panel
  • Use the slider at the very bottom to make a global adjustment to the margins of the file
  • The preview image will update when the slider is released, and you can page through by swiping or tapping the blue arrows to check how the adjustment affects the other pages in the file
  • When finished, tap away from the panel to close it and save the changes

To crop individual pages differently or off-center, consider using the Crop function in the tools menu instead. Note that cropped pages won’t zoom in when you move the margin adjuster.

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Which version do I have?

We update forScore a lot—in fact, there have been over a hundred updates since we launched in 2010. To find out which version you’re using, open forScore and tap the center of the screen to show the navigation bar (if it isn’t already visible). Tap the toolbox icon in the top right-hand corner of the screen to open forScore’s Tools menu, then choose “Support” near the bottom of the list. The version number should be displayed there, just below forScore’s icon.

Lower down in the support menu, you may be notified if forScore detects that an update is available. If so, tap the update item to visit the App Store app and install the update.

You can also open the App Store app on your device and select the tab called “updates” along the bottom of the screen (don’t see it listed there?). Remember, updates are free for life so as long as you’re signed in with the same account you originally used to purchase forScore, you won’t be charged a second time.

Lastly, your device may be set to download app updates automatically. (Settings app > iTunes & App Store > Automatic Downloads: Updates) Given how much our customers tend to rely on their libraries, we recommend disabling this feature and checking for updates manually so you can install them when you’re ready, instead of immediately before a performance.

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Using Apple Pencil

Apple Pencil is great for annotating and more, and we’ve optimized forScore to give you the best possible performance while also providing a number of highly customizable settings to ensure that every user can work as naturally as possible.

As of November 2018, Apple has released two versions of Apple Pencil, each compatible with different iPad models. Apple also worked with Logitech to create the Crayon stylus which is, in Apple’s words, “built using Apple Pencil technology” and functions similarly. The features and settings described below apply to all three styluses.

Live Annotations

Version 9.3 added the ability to annotate by simply drawing on the page with Apple Pencil (removing the need to activate annotation mode first). Use the “automatically enter annotation mode” option in the Apple Pencil section of forScore’s settings panel to enable this behavior.

Because forScore remembers which drawing preset or tool you were using the last time you annotated, and because Live Annotation starts immediately, it can get confusing to keep track of exactly what will happen when you begin drawing with Apple Pencil. In forScore 9.4, additional settings allow you to control how this works: check and uncheck tool types to either allow them to be saved between annotation sessions or not. Or, if you prefer, simply set a default drawing tool that will always be active every time you start annotating.

Instant Annotations

Version 10.1 added another setting, called “automatically exit annotation mode” that works in conjunction with the “automatically enter annotation mode” option. This setting allows you to start drawing with Apple Pencil, but does not show the annotation toolbar and automatically saves your work and returns to the normal viewing mode after a delay. This setting’s options are “short” (a very quick delay), “long” (a slightly longer pause), or “never” (annotation mode stays active until you explicitly save or cancel your changes). If you’re using this option, finger input is blocked by default so the “prevent finger input” setting is disabled.

Saving your work takes a moment, so drawing may be briefly unresponsive as forScore exits annotation mode. If you find that Apple Pencil is intermittently unresponsive and this setting is active, consider changing the delay from “short” to “long” so you have time to make all of your markings before forScore determines that you’re finished and begins the save/exit process.

Preventing Finger Drawing

Version 10.0 introduced a setting called “prevent finger drawing” that allows you to use your fingers to do things like change tools or zoom in on the page, but only allows Apple Pencil to draw or place stamps and shapes. If you’re using forScore versions 10.0-10.4.9, this setting only applies when you’ve entered annotation mode by touching the Pencil to the page (see Live Annotations above). If you activate annotation mode using any other method, like the default tap and hold gesture, forScore will recognize finger input as it normally does. This is intended to allow you to annotate with your finger even when Apple Pencil is connected but out of reach.

With forScore 10.5 this setting was changed to no longer depend on how annotation mode is activated. Instead, forScore disables drawing if Apple Pencil has touched the screen at any point within the last 15 minutes. If your Pencil is out of reach or out of power, tap the hand icon in the center of the annotation control toolbar to re-enable touch drawing. Touch drawing will remain enabled until the next time you touch the screen with Apple Pencil.

GesturesforScore 10.5 & 3.5

Apple Pencil 2 features a touch area on its flat side, near the tip, that can be double tapped to perform certain actions depending on which app you’re using. Apple provides a system setting that influences how other apps should generally behave, and forScore responds as logically as possible to each while in annotation mode. “Switch between current tool and eraser” and “switch between current and last used tool” work as stated, while “show color palette” opens the currently selected tool’s options, if applicable, so you can adjust its properties as needed. If you choose “off” forScore will ignore this gesture entirely.

When annotation mode is not active, this double tap gesture can be configured to activate one of forScore’s more common tools or actions. Visit the “Page Turners & Shortcuts” section of forScore’s settings panel to enable this gesture to function while not annotating.

Compatibility

As of November 2018:

• Apple Pencil (2nd generation) is compatible with iPad Pro (11-inch) and iPad Pro (12-inch, 3rd generation)

• Apple Pencil (1st generation) is compatible with iPad (6th generation), iPad Pro (9.7-inch), iPad Pro (10.5-inch), and iPad Pro (12-inch, 1st and 2nd generations)

• Logitech Crayon works solely with iPad (6th generation)

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Using performance mode to focus on your music

forScore’s performance mode disables most gestures and controls to allow you to focus entirely on your music. The only functions available are paging forward and backward, and the forward page turn zone is enlarged to take up the right two-thirds of the screen. This makes it much easier to turn pages quickly and removes the possibility of unintentionally triggering annotations or other features.

To enable performance mode, swipe right to left in the control bar’s title display to see the shortcuts for common functions. Tap the “full screen” arrows button.

To exit performance mode, tap the blue X button in the upper right corner of the screen.

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Adding files from other apps

Whether you’re finding something new to play, replacing an updated score sent from a colleague, or importing music you’ve created using a composition app, sharing files with forScore is an essential part of getting the most out of your iPad or iPhone. Each app is a little different, but as you become comfortable with iOS’ various interface elements and conventions you’ll be able to share files between apps like a pro.

Share Sheets

Sharing files is a very common task, so iOS provides a standardized interface (called “share sheets”) for doing so. Any app like forScore can provide a file to the system and iOS handles things from there. You’ll generally see something like this:

The options iOS shows within this interface are based on the file type being shared and which other apps are installed on your device. If you share a PDF file (like you can from within forScore), any app on your device that can read PDF files should appear in this panel, along with some other common options like AirDrop, printing, and more.

If you have many apps that support the same file type, iOS may not display all of them by default. In that case, scroll over to the end of the list until you see the “More” item and tap it to reorder, enable, or disable apps to prioritize the ones you need most frequently.

Other Apps

While iOS provides a standardized interface for sharing files, how you access the sharing functionality within each app works a little differently. There’s no one “right” way to offer file sharing within an app, but there are some general conventions that most apps use that can help you figure out where to tap to share something. In most cases, just look for the iOS “action” or “share” icon:

When presented in a file context, the presence of this symbol usually indicates that tapping it will show you sharing options. If the file is a PDF or other forScore-compatible file type, you should see forScore’s icon in the share sheet with the words “copy to forScore” underneath. Tap this icon to copy the file to your forScore library.

System Apps

Most system apps use this same convention. When viewing a PDF file in Safari on iOS 11, for instance, the share icon appears just to the right of the address bar. In the Files or Mail apps, tap a file to open it, then tap the share icon in the top right-hand corner of the screen. In Mail you can also tap and hold the attachment’s icon to share it without opening it first.

Drag and Drop

On iPad with iOS 11, Drag and Drop is another way to copy files between apps. Learn more about using Drag and Drop gestures here and read about how to use these gestures to import files here.

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Managing a score’s setlist and library membership

The “setlists” tab in the metadata panel lets you quickly manage which setlists the current score is a part of. Tap a setlist to add the current score to it (a blue checkbox will appear) and tap it again to remove it. If you have multiple libraries set up, a similar “libraries” panel lets you manage library membership in the same manner.

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Adding text annotations

Text annotations can be used to display custom text directly on the page at all times. With the “type” mode selected, tap anywhere to create a text box. You’ll see two small handles on either side of the box: the left handle allows you to move the text box around the screen, while the right handle allows you to change the width of the box. When you do so, the text box automatically adjusts its height to ensure that all of the text is visible.

Tap inside the text box to edit it, and you’ll notice a toolbar appear with several buttons on it. The “Format” button allows you to change the font, size, and color of the current annotation (save them as the default settings for any new text boxes if you like). The “Delete” button removes the current text box, and the “Done” button completes the edit. You can also tap anywhere on the page outside of the text box to finish editing and dismiss the virtual keyboard.

Tip: We do not recommend using multiple spaces in between text to create exact spacing across a page. (Example: entering chord markings across the top of a line of music.) Due to text scaling differences and font characteristics, the spacing can change when rotating from portrait to landscape or when printing or exporting an Annotated PDF. Instead, try creating a separate text field for each set of text, or, if you’re marking chords, try using stamps instead.

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Using Links to handle repeats

Create a link (Tools menu) between two points in your score to handle repeats with a single tap. Every link that you create consists of two components: a blue circle and an orange circle (an activation point and a target point). Blue circles are visible at all times and act like buttons, taking you to the correct location when tapped. When you do, the corresponding orange circle flashes twice, showing you where to begin playing, but remains invisible the rest of the time.

Note: Links don’t have to be on different pages, they can also be used as visual cues on the same page. If you’re using forScore in landscape mode, it even scrolls up or down if necessary.

To create a link, select “Link” from the tools menu, and you’ll see a new screen appear with two copies of the current score displayed side-by- side. You can use the seek bar or swipe to flip through the pages of either stack.

Tap anywhere on the left-hand page to create a blue circle, and tap anywhere on the right-hand page to create a corresponding orange circle. Both points are required to create a link. If you need to adjust the placement of a link point, simply tap the screen again in the correct position and the circle will move.

Tip: Tap and hold the page for a moment and a magnifying glass will pop up just above your finger, letting you position your links more precisely.

Tip: If you’re using a foot pedal to turn pages, use the Rearrange tool instead to duplicate and re-order your pages for a linear play-through of the song.

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Accessing the iTunes File Sharing panel

Check which version of iTunes you have installed and use the instructions below to access the File Sharing panel and forScore’s documents.

iTunes 12.7 or Newer

Note: Apple removed the App Store and several syncing functions from iTunes 12.7, but the File Sharing panel is still accessible as described below.

  • Connect your iOS device to your computer
  • Open iTunes on your computer
  • Click the small device icon in the upper left corner, next to the library drop-down menu
  • Click the “File Sharing” item that appears in the left sidebar under Settings
  • Choose forScore from the list of apps to see a panel on the right showing all of forScore’s documents

iTunes 12.0 through 12.6.3.6

  • Connect your iOS device to your computer
  • Open iTunes on your computer
  • >Click the small device icon in the upper left corner, next to the library drop-down menu
  • Click the “Apps” button in the left sidebar that appears below the device info
  • Scroll down in the main window if needed to where it says “File Sharing”
  • Choose forScore from the list of apps to see a panel on the right showing all of forScore’s documents

iTunes 11 or earlier

  • Connect your iOS device to your computer
  • Open iTunes on your computer
  • Select your device from the list of devices, as if you were going to adjust the syncing settings
  • Click the “Apps” button near the top center of the iTunes window (next to Summary and Tones)
  • Scroll down in the main window to where it says “File Sharing”
  • Choose forScore from the list of apps to see a panel on the right showing all of forScore’s documents

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Using cloud services

Use online storage services to store and access any scores you don’t have room for on your device, to share music with friends and colleagues, or to manually back up your most important files. While we provide access to some third-party services through our app, we have no control over their service or terms and conditions, both of which are subject to change at any time. Please be sure to visit their respective websites if you have any questions prior to signing up for or using these services.

The Services Panel

Getting Started

forScore’s Services panel allows you to access and work with files stored in your Dropbox, Google Drive, Microsoft OneDrive (personal), or Box accounts. (The “iCloud Drive” or “Files” service is discussed in the next section.) Tap the + button in the top left-hand corner to pick which services you use. When you’re done, select any of your preferred services from the account list to log in and begin using it. Services ask you to log in as you start using them, or if your credentials expire.

Once you’ve successfully logged in, you’ll be able to navigate through your folders and see your files. You can upload, download, move, and delete many of the file types forScore supports, including PDF files, forScore-specific (4SC, 4SS, and 4SB) files, comma-separated (CSV) files, and many audio file formats. You can also download some kinds of text files (TXT, RTF, DOC, and DOCX) and they’ll be automatically converted to PDFs once they’ve been downloaded. Unsupported or unrecognized file types are greyed out.

Downloading Files

Tap on a file to download it and a copy will be saved into your forScore library. If a file with the same name already exists in your library, you’ll be asked to duplicate or overwrite the file, or to cancel the transfer. Tap the stop button in the middle of the progress wheel to cancel a file transfer.

To download all files within a folder:

  • View the folder you’d like to download from
  • Tap the Edit button in the upper right corner of the panel
  • Tap the “select all” button along the bottom of the panel (a circled check mark)
  • Tap the “download” button (cloud with an arrow pointing down out of it) to start downloading the selected files

If you have setlists in your current forScore library, you can also download one or more scores and add them to a specific setlist automatically once they’re finished. Swipe from right to left over a single score and choose “Download…” to see a list of options: download the item normally, download it to the last setlist you were viewing in the Setlists menu, or choose any setlist from a complete list. To download multiple files into a setlist, tap the Edit button, select your files, and tap the download icon at the bottom of the panel—the rest of the process is the same.

Moving Files

While in edit mode, tap to select one or more files, then choose “Move” from the control bar. The selected files will turn blue, and you’ll be able to select directories or use the back button to navigate to the desired destination. When you’re ready, tap the “Move” button once again to send the selected files to the current directory.

Uploading Files

To upload files, tap the + button at the bottom of the panel. This presents a searchable list of all the files in your library that can be uploaded, with separate tabs for scores, setlists, audio files, backups, and other file types such as CSV indexes. Depending on which tab you’ve selected, you may also see additional upload options in the bottom right-hand corner of the upload picker. When viewing scores, for instance, you can choose to upload the original PDF file as-is, a forscore-specific (4SC) file that includes editable annotations and additional information, or as a flattened PDF file with non-editable annotations. Tap one or more files to select them, then tap the “Upload” button in the upper right corner of the menu to begin the upload process. If you would like to select all files, tap the All button at the bottom of the panel.

Drag and Drop

If you’re using iOS 11, you can also use Drag and Drop gestures to upload items or move files between folders:

To move files, tap and hold your finger over any supported file until it animates up and then drag your finger away to begin. While continuing to drag the first file, tap additional items to collect them, if desired, then drop them onto a folder to move them there or use your other fingers to navigate into and out of folders as needed until you’re viewing the target location, then drop the files to finish moving them.

To upload, drag one or more scores, setlists, or other supported files from forScore’s various menus into the Services panel and drop them into the list to upload them there or use your other fingers to navigate to the correct location first. If necessary, you’ll be asked to choose which format you want to use once you drop your files into the Services panel.

Files, iCloud Drive, and Other Providers

With iOS 11, Apple introduced the Files app which gives you access to your files, whether they’re stored on your device or in iCloud Drive. Third party apps and services can also choose to make their content available through the Files app (called “File Providers”). You continue to use the same interface you’re used to within the Files app, but behind the scenes that third-party app is doing the work of updating and maintaining your documents wherever they’re stored. Major cloud services such as Dropbox, Google Drive, Box, Microsoft OneDrive, SugarSync, and Amazon Drive have all updated their apps to work this way, and other apps such as FileExplorer and FileBrowser let you configure and connect to many different locations including servers that use FTP, SFTP, or WebDAV.

For iPad users, Split View and Slide Over multitasking modes and Drag and Drop gestures give you incredible flexibility to work with your files however you like. You can also use iOS’ standard sharing functions to copy files between apps, and you can learn more about working with the Files app here.

forScore also allows you to access the Files (or older iCloud Drive) app interface—and any third-party File Providers—through the Services panel so you can perform quick tasks without leaving the app. This special service, called “Files” or “iCloud Drive” depending on which version of forScore and iOS you’re using, works differently from other services since Apple limits developer’s access to your content. Unlike with other services, which provide a list of files and allow you to upload or download files from there, Apple’s service is purpose-driven: to begin you must choose whether you want to download or upload files, but you cannot do both at the same time.

Since this interface is generated by Apple, it may change at any time. For additional or updated information, please visit this Apple Support article.

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Playing audio through other apps

Since forScore lets you automatically queue up a particular audio track when you view a score, it also takes control of the device’s shared music system (the music app) when it launches. If the track that’s currently playing in the background (from an app that supports background audio playback) isn’t associated with the visible score, your audio will stop and forScore will get ready to play the right song, if applicable.

If you’d prefer that it not take control of the music system automatically, enable the “use external audio” option in forScore’s settings panel. Now, if a track is playing in the background and it’s not associated with the current score, it will continue playing and a circled “x” button will appear in the top right-hand corner of the media box. Tap it at any time to stop the external track and allow forScore to queue up the correct song, if applicable.

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Creating bookmarks

In the bookmarks menu (the open book icon), press the + button at the top to open the bookmark creator, and type in a title as well as start and end pages. If something is wrong with the values you’ve entered, the bookmark validator will alert you. Once any errors have been corrected, tap the Save button to finalize your bookmark.

Tip: to create a traditional bookmark that simply opens your file to a particular page, leave the “to” page field empty. Note that these bookmarks are not listed in the score menu.

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Understanding the setlist menu

Unlike the score menu, which automatically generates and sorts its contents, the setlist menu is completely manual. Create a setlist by tapping the + button and supplying a title, and rename or move it up or down at any time by tapping the “edit” button. Tap on any setlist to view or edit its contents.

The main list of setlists and the contents of each individual setlist can be sorted manually, alphabetically, or by least-recently played (fresh). In addition, individual setlists can be sorted randomly and shuffled at any time: drag the list downward until you see the refresh control, then let go to re-shuffle the queue.

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Using tabs to view multiple files in forScore

forScore includes a tabs option, much like a web browser, that allows you to open multiple files at once.

The tabs bar is hidden by default when there’s only one tab in use, but you can open an item in a new tab in a couple different ways. When viewing a menu, tap and hold an item to see a preview pop up, then tap the + button in the corner of the preview to open that item in a new tab. When viewing an item’s metadata panel, you can also tap the + button in the corner of the page preview there to open it in a new tab.

And if you’d like the tab bar to always show, there’s an option for that in the app’s settings panel. If you enable that, there’s a new tab button accessible from within the tab bar directly.

With forScore 10 or later, you can also rearrange tabs: tap and hold one of them for a moment until it animates and grows larger, then drag it left or right as needed and lift your finger to drop it.

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Deleting Links from a score

To delete or reposition a link, enter annotation mode by choosing “Annotate” from the tools menu or by tapping and holding the page for a few moments. If the “erase” tool is selected, links will transform into delete buttons—tap on one to remove that link. If any other tool is selected, links appear as white circles that can be dragged around on the page. If you’d like to reposition the orange destination circle, delete the blue circle and recreate the link set.

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Using Replay to automate page turns

Automate your page turns by recording them in conjunction with a linked audio track. Tap the Replay button in the media box (the page with an arrow in it) and turn pages while the track plays. On subsequent plays, pages will turn themselves at just the right moment.

While replay mode is on, small lines in the seek bar will show you where saved page turns are located. An X button will also appear on the right-hand side of the seek bar, allowing you to delete saved page turns and start from scratch.

Please note that Autoturn and Replay are not intended to be used in tandem. We recommend choosing one method or the other.

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Where do I get content?

If you have an existing collection of PDF sheet music on your computer, the easiest way to get started is to transfer your files using iTunes’ file sharing panel. You can also use forScore’s Services panel to upload and download files using iCloud Drive, Dropbox, Google Drive, Microsoft OneDrive, or Box.

When you’re looking for something new to play, Musicnotes.com is the best place to find high-quality, fully licensed scores across a wide range of styles, instruments, and difficulty levels. All of your Musicnotes.com purchases can be accessed through the Services panel and downloaded directly into your forScore library as standard PDF files.

Many apps also allow you to share a PDF file and copy it to your forScore library. For example, you can use Safari to find a score online or use Mail to save an attachment that someone has sent you. Since forScore keeps its own copies of these files, you don’t have to worry about having an internet connection when you’re ready to play.

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Converting images or scanning to PDF

Use forScore’s Darkroom to digitize scores on the go: it allows you to take photos with your device’s camera or import images from your Photos library, then turns those images into a PDF file and adds it to your music collection. To begin, choose “Darkroom” from the tools menu.

In the middle of the navigation bar you’ll see a segmented control with a camera icon on the left and a photos icon on the right. The first time you use either of these methods to add photos to Darkroom, iOS will prompt you to grant forScore access to your device’s camera and/or photo library. Darkroom cannot function without permission to access at least one of these. If you decline, you will not be prompted a second time; you must use iOS’ Settings app to change these permissions. (In the “Privacy” section, see “Photos” and “Camera.”)

After you’ve added a few images, tap and hold, then drag to reorder them as needed. Or, to remove an image, tap the “x” button over its top left-hand corner. Use the automatic enhancement or manual adjustment tools to improve the contrast, brightness, tone, and saturation of your images, or tap on any image to see a full-screen preview and make similar changes to just that particular image. In this full-screen view, you can also rotate your images or use the Crop tool to eliminate white space and correct any perspective or rotation issues. When you’re done, tap “Save” to give your new file a name.

Note: if you’re using forScore 9 or earlier, please note that Darkroom does not feature most of these image processing capabilities and is intended to provide a quick method for digitizing scores, not as a replacement for a true scanner. For the best results, we highly recommend upgrading to forScore 10 or using a fully-featured “scanner” app like Scanner Mini or Scanner Pro, which then allows you to export as PDF to forScore.

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Displaying your music on an external display

Mirroring

Connect your device directly to most external displays using the appropriate video adapter (sold separately at Apple retail stores and many other locations). The contents of your device’s screen are mirrored automatically, and no further setup is required.

AirPlay video mirroring is built into iOS and can be used to wirelessly display your device’s screen on any compatible device on the same network (such as an AppleTV). Swipe up from the bottom of your screen to access Control Center, then tap the AirPlay icon to choose a video-capable device.

TV Output

The following legacy feature has been retired and is hidden by default as of forScore 10.4 and forScore mini 3.4. For most users, mirroring provides a better solution for displaying music on an external display.

If you have an iPad 1 (which does not support mirroring) you can enable an alternate video output system by selecting “TV Output” from the tools menu. Note that this feature is heavily outdated and relies on older technologies to display your music. It is incompatible with features like half-page turns and it offers poor performance compared to mirroring. Its usage is discouraged.

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Extracting bookmarks as separate PDFs

If you would like to save a particular bookmark as its own PDF file, view the bookmark you’d like to save, then open the Rearrange tool and choose “Save As…”, then specify a file name. You can also use the share panel to extract a bookmark directly as either a 4SC or PDF file and send it to someone else.

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Sending and receiving MIDI signals

In the “MIDI” section of the metadata panel, you can assign a unique command to each score and open it with some MIDI devices. You can also save a list of commands to be sent out each time that score is opened. If you plan to use the same set of commands more than once, presets make it easy to save them and assign them to other scores later.

Note: USB-enabled MIDI devices can often connect to an iOS device via Apple’s Camera Connection Kit, while others may require an adapter like the iRig Midi.

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Hands-free page turning with foot pedals

If you want to avoid tapping the screen to turn pages and the Autoturn and Replay options aren’t right for you, consider purchasing a foot pedal that allows you to turn pages without moving your hands from your instrument. You can find several available options listed on our Extras page.

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Using Console to access your library from your computer

Console is an app-hosted web interface that allows you to access your forScore library from the web browser on your computer, making it easy to edit metadata and organize your library from the comfort of your desk and a keyboard. This feature is available in the Tools menu in forScore, and tapping on it provides instructions for authorizing and accessing it through your web browser. Here are some additional tips:

  • If you have a dual-band router, make sure both devices are on the same band/frequency
  • Keep the Console screen open on your iOS device for the duration of your web access
  • Make sure you’re using the latest version of your browser (Safari, Chrome, Firefox, Opera, and Internet Explorer are supported)

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Why is there a blue line across my page?

When your device is in portrait orientation, half-page turns allow you to see the top half of the next page while finishing up the bottom half of the current page. This feature can be enabled by tapping on the circled “1/2” button in the main control bar. Tap it once to enable half-page turns (it will turn blue) and tap it again to disable them (it will turn gray).

A blue horizontal divider shows you where the page is split so you don’t get lost, and you can reposition this divider vertically by dragging the three horizontal lines up or down. The divider’s position is saved per page of score, so you can set it once to the most convenient location for each turn and it’ll always split in that same spot.

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Adding files to a specific Library

To import new scores to an existing library, use the following steps:

  • From the Libraries menu, tap to select a library you’d like to use. The Libraries menu should close and return to the main score menu showing only the selected library.
  • Add the files via iTunes, email, or Dropbox and they will be imported into the currently selected library by default.

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Sharing a setlist

If you’re using setlists as a group, forScore makes it easy to share them with your colleagues, even if they’re using another app. Setlists can be shared from the root view of the setlist menu (that’s the list of all of your setlists, not the contents of a specific setlist). If you’re using forScore 10 or newer, swipe from right to left over the setlist you want to share and choose the gray “Share” option that appears. If you’re using an earlier version of forScore, tap the “Edit” button on the right-hand side of the menu’s navigation bar, then select your setlist and tap “Share” from the options at the top of the list. Either method will present you with the following options:

Text List

For colleagues using paper, a text list might be the best choice. It sends a numbered list of titles and composers.

Setlist Only

If your colleagues are using forScore and already have the PDF files they’ll need, this choice is best. It’s a forScore-specific file type (4SS), and it includes all of the information about your setlist but leaves out the score files themselves.

Include Scores

This also creates a forScore-specific .4SS file, but includes the necessary PDF files as well. It does not include any additional information about each score, however, such as annotations, metadata, and more.

Include Scores & Extras

This also creates a forScore-specific .4SS file, but includes the necessary PDF files and additional information about each score like annotations, metadata, and more.

Merged PDF (forScore 8+)

You can also merge the scores in your setlist into one long PDF file. This option is great for colleagues who are using another music reader.

Annotated Merged PDF (forScore 8+)

Like the last choice, this merges your setlist’s scores into one long PDF file, but this time also includes permanent annotations.

Note: If you’re planning on sharing your setlist via email, you may need to check that the combined file sizes of all the scores in the setlist are smaller than any attachment limit your email provider may have.

Sharing Setlists via Cloud Services

If your setlist file is too large to be sent via email or your group uses a cloud service to share files, you can upload your setlist through the Services panel:

  • Open the Tools menu and choose Services.
  • Navigate through your cloud service’s folders until you’re viewing the folder you’d like to send the file to.
  • Tap the + button at the bottom of the panel.
  • Choose the Setlists view.
  • Tap to select one or more setlists.
  • Tap the Format button in the lower right corner to toggle between the options. In the services panel, only Setlist Only, Include Scores, and Include Scores & Extras are available options.
  • When ready, tap the Upload button in the upper right corner and the upload will begin.
  • Use your cloud service’s sharing functions to share the file or folder with other forScore users.

Sharing Setlists via Bluetooth

You can also use the Bluetooth file transfer panel (in the Tools menu) to send setlists to other nearby iPads. In this case, setlists are listed after all files in your library, so look toward the bottom of the list to locate the setlist you’d like to share.

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Customizing page turner shortcuts

With forScore 6 or later and with all versions of forScore mini, you can assign custom commands and shortcuts to a Bluetooth or MIDI device. To do so, first make sure your device is paired with your iPad or iPhone in the Settings app (or your MIDI device is connected to your iPad), then choose “Page turners and shortcuts” from the app’s settings panel (in the Tools menu). Tap a command in the list provided to begin “listening” for a signal. Press the desired pedal or button on the device to send the signal, and the corresponding characters/keystrokes/MIDI command will appear to the right of the command in the settings panel. Repeat the process as necessary to customize your settings, and you should be all set!

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Using the Rearrange tool

Take charge of your music by reordering, duplicating, rotating, or removing pages. When you’re done, save the results to a new file or replace the original. (Note: Rearrange is not available for password-protected files.)

Editing a Score

While links are a great visual way of dealing with repeats, they still require that you reach up and tap on the screen. Rearranging a score in advance, however, ensures that the next page is always the correct one—it’s great for musicians who use the autoturn feature or a foot pedal to turn pages.

While viewing the score you’d like to edit, choose “Rearrange” from the tools menu. The system will take a few moments to generate thumbnails for each page, and then you’ll be ready to customize your score’s layout. Drag pages around on the screen to rearrange them, and use the toolbar along the bottom of each page to remove it, rotate it 90° clockwise, duplicate it, or to create a new section beginning with it (use sections to split up large files into multiple documents). You can also rotate all pages at once using the arrow buttons at the bottom of the screen.

If you’re using forScore 10.5 or later, drag one page and then tap additional pages to move them all at once. If you drop them in a new location, they’re placed there in the order they were picked up. While dragging multiple pages, tap the Cancel button in the top right-hand corner to release all pages and place them back in their original locations, if needed.

Merging Files & Inserting Pages

With forScore 10 or newer, you can tap the “+” button at the bottom of the screen to add all of the pages from another score or bookmark to your Rearrange workspace. When you save, the pages will all be merged into one continuous PDF file. You can also insert one or more pages from a template, including blank pages—they’re fully annotatable so you can use them for just about anything.

Saving a Score

When you’re done adjusting your score’s layout, tap “Save As…” to create a new file or “Save” to permanently overwrite the original file. “Save As” copies the original score’s information but does not duplicate its versions. “Save” overwrites the original file and cannot be undone, and all score information (including versions) is updated as needed. In both cases, Links and Bookmarks are preserved and updated as long as their start and end pages haven’t been removed and, in the case of Bookmarks, that they haven’t been inverted (a bookmark’s start page must precede its end page).

Note: Rearrange was updated to preserve bookmarks and links with forScore 10.4 and forScore mini 3.4. If you’re using an earlier version of either app, your bookmarks and links will not be preserved when saving a rearranged file.

Keep in mind that some files use special fonts that the iPad cannot reproduce, and in some cases this can result in missing text or blank pages. Before overwriting any file, we strongly recommend that you save a copy first to ensure that the results are usable.

If you’ve split the file into multiple sections, the “Save” button won’t be available, but you can use the “Save As…” button to create a set of new, sequentially numbered files.

Tip: Use the “white marker” annotation preset or the rectangle shape to cover up the portions of repeated pages that you don’t need to play again. Since each page includes its own annotations, you will still be able to see that information on other copies of the page.

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Restoring your library data from a forScore backup file

If you want to reset your library to a previously backed up state, or recover information that may have been lost by deleting the app or restoring your device, you can do so by re-adding your documents and restoring from a 4SB backup file or by restoring from a 4SB archive as described below.

Note: this article references 4SB Archives which are available as of forScore 10.4.7 and forScore mini 3.4.7. Archives take up significantly more storage space on your device and may not be available in all situations. Learn more about the difference between 4SB backups and archives here.

Using iTunes File Sharing

  • Ensure that “automatic fetching for new files” is disabled in forScore’s settings.
  • Close forScore and connect your iOS device to your computer.
  • Access the iTunes File Sharing panel.
  • Click “Add…” in the documents panel on the right and navigate to the folder that contains your forScore data.
  • If you’re restoring from an archive, select it and click “add.” If you’re restoring from a backup and a directory of files, select all of the files by clicking on one and pressing Ctrl-A (PC) or Command-A (Mac), then click “Add.”
  • Once chosen, the transfer will begin immediately, with a progress bar displaying at the top of the iTunes window.
  • When the transfer is complete, you can disconnect your device from your computer.
  • Launch forScore, then open the Tools menu and choose Backup.
  • Tap the backup file you’d like to restore, then choose “restore library and settings” when prompted.

Using the Services panel

You can also restore your library from a supported cloud service through forScore’s Services panel. We don’t typically recommend this since uploading and downloading an entire library can be slow when relying on an internet connection (instead of a USB connection to your computer), but the following instructions will help you restore from a full backup of your library in a supported cloud service.

  • Ensure that “automatic fetching for new files” is disabled in forScore’s settings.
  • Select “Services” from the Tools menu, set up your account if needed, and navigate to your backup directory.
  • If you’re restoring from a 4SB Archive:
    • Locate your archive and tap on it to begin downloading it.
  • If you’re restoring from a 4SB Backup and accompanying files:
    • Locate the folder that contains all of the files and tap the Edit button in the upper right corner.
    • Tap the “select all” button at the bottom of the panel (a circled check mark), then tap the “download” button next to it.
  • When the download is complete, open the Backup panel.
  • Tap the 4SB file you’d like to restore, then choose “restore library and settings” when prompted.

Using forScore Backup Utility for MacforScore 10.5 & 3.5

Restore your archive from a Mac running macOS 10.13 or newer with our free backup utility.

  • Connect your iOS device to your computer using its USB cable
  • On your iPad, open forScore and choose “Backup” from the tools menu
  • On your Mac, launch forScore Backup Utility and click “Restore…” to locate your archive file
  • When prompted on your iPad, choose to continue or cancel restoring from the archive

If you’re not familiar with backing up your forScore library and database, see this article: Backing up your library to your computer

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Recording audio in forScore

Whether you’d like to review your practice sessions later or share your progress with friends and colleagues, forScore’s recording feature can help. Choose “record” from the tools menu to begin, and tap the microphone icon when you’re ready. You’ll see a red volume meter so you can make sure you’re close enough for the microphone to pick up clear audio. Tap the microphone again to stop recording, and then either save or discard it. Saved recordings are automatically linked to the current score so you can review them later.

The list icon next to the microphone lets you view, share, or delete any recordings you’ve made for the current score.

Note: The media box is not visible while recording. Tap the X button when you’re finished recording to continue using the media playback controls.

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Can I brighten a bad scan or copy and paste measures between pages?

PDF files are designed to display their information predictably and to look the same no matter which device or operating system you use to view it. The file extension stands for “portable document format,” and it’s generally only meant to be read, not modified (except for in certain specific cases, like forms with fields).

Although PDF files can be created from images, you can’t work with them the same way you might work with an image file. Instead of pixels, PDF files think in terms of vectors and points—relative measurements rather than concrete ones. They often include highly specific data that can’t be conveyed through an image, like web links, multimedia, or computer-readable text.

What this means for apps like forScore is that while we can allow users to take photos and make adjustments to brightness and contrast, once those images are saved into a PDF file those kinds of changes can no longer be made safely. As a result, any issues with your scans must be corrected before you create your PDF file.

For the same reasons, copying and pasting measures isn’t practical with an app like forScore. We provide additional tools that let you augment how your document is displayed (by adding annotations, for example), but we can’t modify the document itself in the same ways.

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Sharing scores

Whether you want to share a file with a colleague, print out a score with all of your annotations, or send a copy to another app on your iPad, forScore’s Share function can help. To share one or more items, use any of the following methods:

  • Choose the “Share” option in the tools menu to share the score you’re currently viewing.
  • Tap the share icon (a box with an arrow pointing out of the top) on the right-hand side of the Metadata panel’s navigation bar. If you’re batch editing several files, this will share all of them at once.
  • While viewing a list of scores or bookmarks in most of forScore’s menus, swipe from right to left over an item and choose the gray “Share” option (available in forScore 10 or later).
  • In the Scores or Bookmarks menus, or while viewing the contents of a setlist in the Setlists menu, tap the “Edit” button on the right-hand side of the navigation bar, tap to select one or more items, and choose the “Share” option at the top of the list.

Any of these actions will prompt you to share your item (or items) as an unmodified PDF file, a permanently annotated PDF file, or using a special forScore-only “4SC” format that includes annotations, metadata, links, and more. Once you make your selection, a new popup will appear giving you a wide range of sharing options. This popup, called a “share sheet,” is provided by iOS and its contents depend on your device’s setup and which apps you currently have installed.

Common options include Mail, Messages, Print, and—if your device supports it—AirDrop (which lets you share files quickly with other iOS users in close proximity). You will also have the option to copy your file to any other PDF-compatible apps on your device, like iBooks or Dropbox.

In-Place Editing

As of forScore 10.4 and forScore mini 3.4, sharing certain files with other apps may either send a new copy of the file to that app, or it may make forScore’s copy available for in-place editing (if the target app supports this). Changes made to your files in this manner are immediately reflected within your forScore library. In-place editing is not supported when sharing modified files, such as annotated PDFs or 4SC files.

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Adding files from an email attachment

When you are viewing an email in the Mail app with a PDF attachment, here’s how you can import it into forScore:

  • Some larger files may not be completely downloaded yet. If that’s the case, the PDF icon will say “tap to download”. Tap the icon and the file will download completely
  • Once the file is downloaded, tap and hold on the PDF attachment icon, and a list of options will appear
  • Choose forScore from the “Open In…” list, and the file will open in the app and be saved to your forScore library
  • If you accidentally tap quickly on the PDF icon, the file will open in “quick look.” In this case, tap once on the screen to show the file options, then tap the “share” button in the upper right corner (the box with an arrow pointing upward), and you’ll see the same sharing options and be able to choose forScore

Note: if you use a different email app, this process may be different, but most mail clients have a “share” or “action” function that will allow you to send a file to another app on your device.

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Why do bookmarks stop me from turning the page?

When you create a bookmark in forScore, you can either specify an “end page” number or you can simply leave it blank. There are important differences in how forScore works depending on which choice you make.

If you leave the end page blank, the bookmark works like an easy reference to a specific page. Select it from the Bookmarks menu and you’ll go to the corresponding page, but everything else will stay the same—you can turn pages backward and forward throughout the entire score just like you’d expect.

If you supply an end page, you’ll be creating a kind of “virtual score” in your forScore library. This is intended to help people split up multiple works within a single PDF file without having to actually separate the pages into many different files. It treats a specific range of pages as a different piece in your library, so when you select it from the Bookmarks menu you’ll only be able to work with those pages. For instance, if your bookmark starts on page 3 and ends on page 5, you won’t be able to turn backwards from page 3 to 2, or forward from 5 to 6.

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Understanding forScore bookmarks

Bookmarks are a great way to work with a particular section within one of your existing files. They show up just like any other item in the score menu, start and stop on the pages you specify, and can even have their own metadata (including audio tracks).

They also show up in the bookmarks menu, which only shows bookmarks for the score you’re currently viewing. You can sort them by page number, alphabetically, or search for a particular title.

The only major difference between a file and a bookmark is that all bookmarks depend on their source file (so if you delete the original file, all of its bookmarks will disappear as well).

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Using forScore’s in-app store

We know how hard it can be to find high-quality scores online that don’t force you into using proprietary systems or obscure formats, which is why forScore includes an in-app purchase storefront. It’s the best place to discover, preview, and download free and paid PDF scores that are perfectly optimized for the iPad. Note that the in-app storefront is not available in forScore mini.

Finding Scores

The storefront can be accessed by selecting the “Store” entry in the tools menu, and lets you browse by artist, genre, instrument, and publisher. Tap on a score to see details about the piece, including a preview of the first page, a description of what it contains, and more. You can also switch between “browse” and “purchases” at the bottom of the screen to monitor your downloads or to access and re-download any previously purchased scores.

Purchasing and Downloading

Your Apple ID is your gateway to purchasing digital content, so you don’t need to worry about entering your credit card information into the app. The download button next to each score tells you the item’s price—tap the button to purchase the score, then once more to confirm. The app will prompt you for your Apple ID authorization, then begin downloading your file. When the download is complete, the button will change to a blue Purchased button, and the score will be immediately available in your forScore library. You can check the status of downloads and review your purchase history in the Purchased section of the Store.

If you accidentally delete a purchased score from your library, don’t worry! You can re-download the original content at any time at no additional charge. Just return to the Purchased section of the Store and tap on the “Purchased” button to download it to your library again. You can also use the Restore function to unlock any previous purchases that you may have made from another iPad or with a different Apple ID, then re-download them as needed.

Copy Protection

Publishers may elect to use copy protection with some or all of their scores, changing how you can work with these files in several important ways. These files can be backed up to a computer for safe keeping, but they can only be viewed on the iPad that was originally used to download them. They cannot be shared, printed, or rearranged.

To view protected files on another iPad authorized with your Apple ID, you must re-download those files through the storefront. As long as you use the same Apple ID each time, you won’t be charged more than once.

Note: Protected files are listed with the letters “DRM” below the title in the storefront’s detail view. You’ll also see an additional notice below the copyright on the lower left-hand side of the screen.

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Deleting Files

There are two ways to delete scores within the app, but you can also delete them directly from your device through iTunes, or through the Console web editor. Below are instructions for all four methods.

Swipe to Delete:

  • In the scores menu (music note icon), swipe from right to left across the title of an item and a red “Delete” button will appear.
  • Tap the Delete button to confirm, and it will be removed from your library immediately.

Delete One or More Files:

  • In the scores menu, tap the Edit button in the upper right corner of the menu, then tap to select one or more files from the list.
  • When finished, tap the Delete button that appears in the menu options at the top, then confirm when prompted to delete the files immediately.

Managing Your Files through iTunes:

  • Connect your device to your computer and access the iTunes File Sharing panel
  • Select one or more file like you would in your file browser, then press the Delete or Backspace key to delete them, and confirm when prompted.

Deleting files through the “Console” web editor:

  • Make sure your iOS device and computer are on the same wi-fi network
  • Open the forScore Tools menu and choose Console
  • Follow the on-screen instructions to authorize your computer to access your forScore library
  • Click on an item in the menus in your browser to display its metadata
  • Click on the file name to view the PDF in a new tab if needed
  • Click the Delete icon (trash can) to delete the file. (You can also hold Ctrl/Command or Shift while clicking to select multiple items and delete them all at once.)
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I accidentally deleted a stamp, can I get it back?

If you accidentally delete a stamp from the default set that comes with the app, you can get it back by visiting the Settings panel in forScore’s Tools menu. Near the bottom of the list, tap “Reset,” then tap “Reset Stamps” and confirm.

Warning: resetting stamps removes all of your stamps and replaces them with the default set. If you’ve customized your stamps in any way, consider replacing the missing stamp with an image instead of resetting all of them.

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Offsetting page numbers to match printed copies

Some PDFs may contain extra pages at the start of the score that aren’t paginated in print. To compensate for this, tap on the Layout tab in the metadata panel, then tap the number next to “Page Number.” This allows you to set a page offset, so your page numbers will match any page numbers displayed in the file or on printed copies. For example, if the first two pages of a PDF show as roman numerals i and ii, enter “-1” in the field to offset the first page backward 2 steps from the PDF’s page 1.

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Playing music with repeats

You can use the Links tool to specify two points within a score and jump to that exact spot with a single tap. When you do, forScore will flash a small signal showing you exactly where to begin playing. You can also use the Rearrange tool to duplicate and re-order the pages of your score as needed so that the correct page is always a flip away.

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Creating a new library

Use these steps to create a new library in forScore:

  • Open the Scores menu to the root Categories view (tap the back button if necessary) and tap the Library button in the upper left corner
  • Tap the + button to add a new library, then give the library a name
  • If you’d like to reorder your libraries, tap “edit” and drag the three lines to the right of each item up or down
  • Tap to select your new library and make it active, closing the Libraries list and returning you to the Scores menu

Any scores you add to forScore are automatically added to the current library, but since your new library is empty right now there won’t be much to look at. Return to the libraries list and select “All Libraries” to browse for the scores you’d like to use. In the metadata panel, choose the “libraries” tab and tap the name of your new library to place a checkmark next to it. This works while batch editing, too, so you can add multiple scores to a library quickly and easily.

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forScore vs. forScore mini

We’ve released over a hundred updates to forScore for iPad, and we’ve never charged an upgrade fee or used in-app purchases to unlock additional features. Because of this and the unique challenges we faced when creating forScore mini, the iPad and iPhone/iPod Touch versions of forScore are sold separately.

If you have an iPad (including an iPad mini), you’ll want to check out forScore. If you have an iPhone or iPod Touch, you’ll want to take a look at forScore mini instead. Note that both forScore and forScore mini require iOS 9 or later.

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Using the Reflow feature

Although forScore can’t interpret the notes in a PDF file, it can detect where important information is generally on each page. With Reflow, forScore takes that information, magnifies and redraws it, then lays it out end-to-end so you can read your music in one long line—like a horizontal teleprompter. Reflow gets you most of the way there with its smart detection, and if it gets something wrong you can correct it quickly and never worry about it again.

To use Reflow, begin by enabling it in forScore’s settings panel, under ‘Accessibility.’ Once that’s done, Reflow will show up as an option in the tools menu and the main view’s title display.

Tip: The title display’s shortcut buttons are rearrangeable: tap the edit button on the far right of the second page of shortcuts to move the Reflow button to the first page for easy access.

Select Reflow in either location to begin using it and you’ll see a few new controls appear: Edit, zoom, navigation mode, and an exit button.

Editing Zones

The Edit button allows you to adjust Reflow’s zones if needed. You’ll see them as gray rectangles—tap once to see its resize controls, and tap again to show the delete option. Drag the green control at the top of each rectangle to downward to split it horizontally into two new areas.

You’ll see a control bar along the bottom of the screen: use the + button at the bottom of the screen to create a new zone, use the arrows to move between pages, and drag the set of three lines on either end of the control bar to drag it up or down and out of your way.

Zoom

Zoom in or out to find the best magnification for you—up to twice as large as the original page.

Navigation

Choose to page or scroll through your music. In Page mode, tapping on either side of the screen will shift the music over by half of your screen’s width. In Scroll mode, your music will scroll by continuously: tap the left side of the screen to slow it down or the right side to speed it up. Tap in the center of the screen to start or stop scrolling.

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Moving scores between libraries

You can reassign scores to different libraries or designate multiple libraries for a particular score through the metadata panel:

  • From the Libraries menu, tap All Libraries to select it
  • Tap the Close button in the upper left corner to return to the scores menu and navigate to a sub-view that contains the scores you’d like to move
  • Tap the Edit button in the upper right corner of the scores menu, then select the scores you’d like to modify
  • Tap the Edit button that appears in the contextual options at the top of the list to open a Batch Metadata panel
  • Choose the Libraries view toward the bottom of the panel
  • Tap to select or deselect libraries in the list
  • Tap the back arrow in the upper left corner of the metadata panel to save the changes.

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Moving setlists between libraries

With forScore 10 or later, use these instructions to manage a single setlist’s library membership:

  • Open the main setlist menu and tap the circled “i” button next to the setlist you want to edit
  • Tap to select a library from the list and a check mark will appear next to it
  • The app will prompt you to move all associated files from that setlist to the corresponding library if applicable
  • Tap the back arrow to return to the setlist menu

If you want to edit multiple setlists at once, or if you’re using forScore 9 or earlier, use these instructions:

  • Open the main setlist menu and tap Edit in the upper right corner
  • Tap to select one or more setlists, then tap the Edit option that appears at the top of the menu
  • Tap to select a library from the list and a check mark will appear next to it
  • The app will prompt you to move all associated files from that setlist to the corresponding library if applicable
  • Tap the back arrow to return to the setlist menu

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Turning pages from one score to the next

By default, forScore’s settings allow you to turn pages from one file to the next in the queue when viewing a setlist, but not from the main score menu (music note icon). You can adjust this in the app’s settings panel under “Flip between scores.” The options are:

  • Off: Only allows you to flip between pages within the same PDF file.
  • Setlists: Allows you to flip from one score to the next when viewing a setlist. Queue order is determined by the sort order you’ve selected in that setlist (Manual, Sorted, Fresh, or Shuffle)
  • All: Allows you to flip from one score to the next when viewing a file from either the Score or Setlist menu. Queue order is determined by the sort order of the menu or sub-menu where you first viewed the file.

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Importing bookmarks

If your PDF file already contains a table of contents, you may be able to use this information to create bookmarks. Tap the edit button, then choose “Import” to scan for any usable information.

If you prefer to use a PDF’s table of contents directly, simply choose the third sort type, “TOC,” and you’ll be able to quickly navigate to any section by selecting it from the list.

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Understanding forScore’s metronome

With forScore’s metronome, you can use several different methods to keep time. In Audible mode, you’ll hear a tick at regular intervals, based on the beats per minute (BPM) that you set. With the Visible metronome, a black border pulses around the edges of your score, allowing you to keep time visually while still being able to see the entire page. If you like, you can use the Both option to both see and hear the metronome simultaneously.

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Customizing forScore’s settings

You can customize forScore’s settings as needed to tailor the app to your particular needs. Below are descriptions for each of the settings available through the Tools menu.

Note: These settings are found in forScore 10.5. Other versions may differ.

Navigation

  • Gestures: Configure forScore’s taps and swipes to better suit your needs.
  • Page turners & shortcuts: Use keyboard shortcuts, MIDI signals, page turner pedal presses, or an Apple Pencil 2 double tap gesture to trigger certain actions, and choose to allow page turners to function while in annotation or crop mode.
  • Search: Adjust which types of results are shown in the Search panel and their order of priority.
  • MIDI: Toggle the ability to send and receive MIDI commands or use the piano keyboard as a synthesizer, and connect to a network MIDI session.
  • Page transitions: This setting affects the transition animation that is used when turning pages.
  • Flip between scores: Choose when to advance from the end of one score to the beginning of the next, like a book.
  • Two-up page advance: Choose whether to advance one or two pages at a time when using two-up mode.
  • Up next: See the next queued item’s title in the status bar when you reach the last page of the current item.

Appearance

  • Gradient effect: Applies a subtle gradient effect to pages, simulating natural lighting and reducing eye strain.
  • Sepia effect: Tint forScore’s views for a warmer, more natural color.
  • Always show seek bar: The seek bar (the dotted line along the bottom of the page) usually appears and hides along with the control bar. Enabling this setting keeps it on the screen at all times.
  • Always show tab bar: Prevents the tab bar from hiding automatically when only one tab is open.
  • Always show playback controls: Shows the rewind, play, and pause buttons even when other controls are hidden.
  • Show status bar: Controls whether the system status bar along the top of the screen is visible while using forScore.
  • PDFKit page rendering: Allows forScore to take advantage of a newer, more advanced Apple framework for rendering PDF pages.
  • PDF annotations: Choose which kinds of embedded PDF annotations forScore should display, and whether or not they should be tappable if their author has included additional comments.

Metadata

  • Score menu includes bookmarks: Bookmarks typically appear in two places—the bookmarks menu itself, and alongside other files in the score menu. Disable this to hide bookmarks from the score menu.
  • Smart sorting: When enabled, items are sorted by ignoring common prefixes like “the,” “a,” or “an.”
  • Sort composers by first name: Alphabetizes by first word in the composer value instead of the last word.
  • Automatic fetching for new files: Allows forScore to scan new files for PDF metadata and import it automatically.
  • Use external audio: When forScore launches, it checks to see if the iPad’s audio system is currently in use. If so, this option will allow you to control playback of that track, temporarily overriding any linked tracks.
  • Use system audio engine: forScore uses its own audio engine to provide advanced features. If you experience issues or prefer to use the system audio engine, disable this setting.

Annotation

  • Apple Pencil: Allow forScore to automatically enter and/or exit annotation mode, prevent finger drawing, or take advantage of pressure and tilt sensor effects when working with Apple Pencil.
  • Annotation tools: Control how forScore saves your last-used preset between annotation sessions.
  • Variable width: Markings may become bolder when drawing quickly or based on Apple Pencil’s pressure or tilt sensors. This controls how pronounced the effect is, when available (depending upon the size of the current preset and the capabilities of your device).

System

  • Auto-lock: Disable this setting to prevent the iPad from sleeping automatically while forScore is open.
  • Accessibility: Enable or disable Drag and Drop gestures, Reflow, and fullscreen menus, change the app’s color, link and button size, or use custom metronome sounds.
  • Legacy features: Enable features that have been retired or whose usage is generally discouraged for new users.
  • Restrictions: Set a passcode and hide certain features.
  • Reset: Restore default app settings, stamps, or drawing presets, or scan your library and remove any unused data.

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Selecting Links or Buttons with an external device

With forScore 9.3 and later, you can use a supported accessory like a Bluetooth page turner, keyboard, MIDI controller, or Bluetooth Smart device to select and/or activate Links and Buttons on a page without needing to tap them. To configure your device, follow the customizing page turner shortcuts instructions and set a shortcut for “Select Control” and/or “Activate Control.”

Select Control allows you to move focus between any of the currently visible links or buttons on your page, and Activate Control simulates a tap on the currently selected control. You can also skip the first step to immediately activate the first (or only) control on the page.

Note: Only one command can be assigned to each button or pedal on your device. So if you’d like to be able to use Previous Page, Next Page, Select Control, and Activate Control commands, you would need to use a device that has four buttons or pedals. Some two-pedal devices (AirTurn BT-105/106 and PageFlip Firefly) also have inputs on the back to expand to four pedals.

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Can I copy and paste parts of my PDF?

forScore is not able to copy and paste the contents of the PDF page itself, but you can use the Selection Tool to copy/paste, move, or change the color of annotations you’ve made within forScore.

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How to replace a file but keep forScore data intact

Sometimes you may want to replace an existing file in your forScore library with a new version of the PDF, but keep any existing annotations and metadata intact. For example, a composer might rewrite a few measures of a new piece, but the changes aren’t significant enough to scrap all of your work with the original version.

Here’s how you can “live replace” a file using the iTunes File Sharing panel:

  • Export the file you’d like to modify in 4SC format to either email or a supported cloud service as a safeguard
  • Connect your device to your computer and force forScore to close completely using multitasking
  • Make note of the exact file name of the file you’d like to replace, and edit the new, revised PDF file to have the same exact file name
  • Using the iTunes File Sharing panel, add the new file to the forScore documents directory, and choose Replace when prompted
  • Once the file transfer is complete, disconnect your device and launch forScore
  • The revised file should show when selected, but with the existing annotations intact

If you’re using the Services panel, forScore will prompt you with options for handling duplicate file names. In this case, choose “Overwrite” and the app will replace the original PDF with the new one and keep any existing metadata in place.

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Why is forScore crashing on launch?

Important: If your app is crashing repeatedly, deleting the app is not the solution. Doing so will also delete all of your forScore library and data and should only be done if you have tried these troubleshooting steps, have contacted us for further assistance, and are absolutely certain you have a recent backup of your files and library data saved to your computer.

Crashing When Viewing a PDF File

If the app crashed when trying to view a PDF file and continues to crash on launch, it’s possible the file itself is causing issues, either because it’s too large for your device to process (typically only an issue with older iPads) or it contains data that is causing an error.

If you connect your device to your computer, you can use the iTunes File Sharing panel to save that file to your computer, then delete that file from forScore to see if that stops the crashing. If you’re able to identify a problem PDF file, please contact us so we can do some testing with it to see if we can identify why it’s causing issues.

Retrieving/removing files through iTunes File Sharing

  • Connect your device to your computer and access the iTunes File Sharing panel
  • Locate the file in the documents panel, then click to select it
  • Click the “Save To…” button and specify a location on your computer to save the file
  • Once chosen, the transfer will begin immediately, with a progress bar displaying at the top of the iTunes window
  • When the transfer is complete, select the file in the panel again and press the Delete or Backspace key, then confirm to delete it immediately from your device
  • You can then disconnect your device from your computer and relaunch forScore to see if it opens successfully. If the app is still crashing, please contact us using the form in the upper left corner of this page to troubleshoot further.

Crashing After an iOS Update

Occasionally, updates to iOS introduce features or changes that make older versions of forScore incompatible. We always recommend checking for updates to the app using the Updates tab of the App Store. If you do not have the current version of the app installed, and the app is crashing on launch, please follow these steps to troubleshoot the issue and install the latest version of forScore:

Determine which version of forScore you have installed

  • Open the Settings app and Choose General > Storage & iCloud Usage
  • Tap “Manage Storage” under the Storage section
  • Locate forScore in the list and tap to select it, then make note of the version number you have installed. If the version installed is forScore 10.1.8 or newer, please contact us using the form above to troubleshoot further. If you do not have the current version installed (listed in the upper left corner of this page), please continue to the next section.

Check for updates in the App Store

  • Open the App Store app on your iPad
  • Tap the Updates tab
  • Look for an update to forScore in the list and tap the Install button if one appears
  • Some users have reported that the App Store is not accurately showing available app updates. If no new version is listed (or you see an Open button instead of an Install button), first try dragging downward on the Updates page to refresh it. If that doesn’t work, proceed to the next section to try and install the update.

Log out of the App Store and log back in

  • Tap the Featured tab in the App Store app and scroll down to the bottom
  • Look for buttons that either say “Sign In” or “Apple ID: yourappleid”
  • If it says Sign In, tap the button and enter the Apple ID credentials that you used to purchase forScore originally, then check for the update
  • If it shows your Apple ID, tap the button, choose Sign Out, then sign back in with the Apple ID used to purchase forScore originally and check for the update.
  • If the update to the current version of forScore still does not appear, continue to the next section.

Sync your device with your computer to check for updates

  • Connect your iPad to your computer using the sync cable
  • Sync your device if it doesn’t do so automatically (check for any prompts from iTunes about updates, etc.)
  • From the dropdown menu in iTunes, select Apps, then click the Updates tab
  • Locate forScore and click the icon, then click the Update button
  • Sync your iPad once more and the new version should sync across to your iPad
  • Try launching forScore to see if it opens successfully
  • If the app does not open successfully, use the steps above to check the installed version and see if the update was synced
  • If you’re still having issues beyond that, please contact Apple Support for further assistance

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Fetching PDF metadata

PDF files sometimes contain their own information for title, author, subject, and keywords, which can be used by forScore as values for title, composer, genre, and tags respectively. If you’ve already imported a PDF file that might contain metadata, tap “Fetch…” above the keyboard while editing any field to see if any of this information exists and then decide if you’d like to use it or not. To automatically check for and use this information when a new file is added to your library, enable the “automatic fetching for new files” option in forScore’s settings panel.

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Jumping quickly to a page using the seek bar

forScore has a seek bar that appears along with the rest of forScore’s controls when you tap once in the center of the screen. It displays down at the bottom just like in iBooks and shows a thumbnail preview of the page as you drag the slider back and forth. If you’d like the seek bar to stay put at all times, enable the “Always show seek bar” option in the app’s setting panel.

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Troubleshooting the Cue feature

Cue allows multiple devices to connect to each other and send signals from a “leader” to one or more “followers.” The way the devices communicate with each other is built into an iOS framework, so the majority of it is under the system’s control, not forScore’s. iOS uses a combination of Bluetooth and WiFi protocols to search for nearby devices, then create an ad hoc network between them. (This works even if you do not have a local wifi network to connect to.)

There are also a number of environmental factors that could be causing interference, such as other active Bluetooth devices within range (audience members, for example), the architecture of a building, etc.

However, there are a few things that you can try to troubleshoot the issue:

  • If your Cue devices are joined with a WiFi network, make sure there are no other devices on the same network
  • Make sure both Bluetooth and Wifi are enabled on all devices you are attempting to connect.

Note: iOS 10 and 11 devices are unable to connect reliably (or at all) to devices running iOS 9 or earlier. For best results, all devices should be running the same major version of iOS.

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Adjusting audio track speed and pitch

As of version 10, forScore has the ability to independently adjust the playback speed and pitch of your audio tracks, with limitations depending on each track’s properties:

  • DRMed files or files that haven’t been downloaded to your device can be played at 50%, 75%, or 100% of their normal speed
  • Other tracks can be slowed down or sped up from 25% to 200% of their original speed
  • Other tracks can also be pitch adjusted by up to an octave up or down

These options are made available automatically whenever possible, and can all be accessed by tapping the dial button in the media box. Pitch and speed are saved automatically per track, so you can move between tracks or scores without losing your settings.

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Fixing crooked scans

With forScore 10 you can use the Crop tool to not only remove excess margins around the page, you can also correct crooked scans by precisely adjusting the angle of the page. The slider at the top of the screen can be dragged left or right, rotating the page by up to 20° in either direction.

Note that while your annotations, links, and buttons will all be updated to align properly with the page, these changes are not backwards-compatible with forScore 9 or earlier. If you need to share files with colleagues using an older version of forScore, sending an annotated PDF is the best way to keep your edits intact.

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Adding files from the web

Use Safari to save PDF files to your library from just about anywhere.

iOS 11 or later

  • Use the Safari app to navigate to a PDF file offered by a website. Direct access to the PDF file is required (some websites use frames to obfuscate the file source).
  • Once the PDF has downloaded and loaded into the “preview” view, tap the “share” button (a box with an up arrow) in the main toolbar.
  • Select “Copy to forScore” to save a copy to your forScore library.

iOS 10 or earlier

  • Use the Safari app to navigate to a PDF file offered by a website. Direct access to the PDF file is required (some websites use frames to obfuscate the file source).
  • Once the PDF has downloaded and loaded into the “preview” view, you will see a toolbar appear briefly at the top of the file with either “More…” (iOS 10) or “Open in…” (iOS 9 or earlier) on the left side. On the right side, it typically says “Open in iBooks…” or another common app used to view that file type. If the toolbar disappears too quickly, tap the PDF file to show the toolbar again, then tap the More or Open In button.
  • Select “Copy to forScore” to save a copy to your forScore library.

Many other apps—including Mail—offer similar functionality, and scores imported in this manner are copied to forScore’s documents folder so you won’t need to be connected to the internet to use them later. The more often you choose forScore for opening PDF files, the more likely that “Open in forScore…” will appear on the right side of this toolbar as a shortcut.

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Turning pages automatically with Autoturn

For scores with sequential pages, forScore’s metronome can also turn the pages for you automatically. To use autoturn, follow these three steps:

  • For each page of your score, enter in the number of beats on that page or type in the number of measures and the app will do the math for you. If you’re on the first page of your score, consider adding a few extra beats as a lead-in.
  • Tap the autoturn button to turn it on (if it isn’t already)
  • Start the metronome by selecting Audible, Visible, or Both

Once the metronome counts up to the number you’ve specified, the page will turn automatically. If you’re viewing your score in landscape mode, forScore will also scroll down when it reaches half of that number. (For example, if you have 64 beats on a page, it’ll scroll to the bottom of the page at 32 beats.)

Turn the metronome off at any point to reset the autoturn count.

Tip: Autoturn relies on a consistent tempo for each page. If your score contains multiple time signatures or significant changes in speed, consider using Replay or a hands-free page turner instead. Please note that Autoturn and Replay are not intended to be used in tandem. We recommend choosing one method or the other.

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Understanding Backups, Syncing, and iCloud

Backing up your data is an important part of using forScore, and with today’s cloud-connected devices it can be hard to know exactly where your data is at all times. This document explains how and where forScore stores your information and gives you a broad understanding of how you can effectively back it up. For step-by-step instructions, visit this article.

App Storage

Every app on your device has a standard set of folders that it uses to store information. The Documents directory is commonly used to store user content, like documents you add to (or create within) an app. If an app chooses to do so, like forScore does, it can make the contents of this folder available through the Files app or through iTunes on a computer when your device is connected to it.

Other data like app settings, which are designed to be changed through the app’s interface and not edited directly, are stored in a number of private app directories instead.

Documents (Public)

PDF files, CSV indexes, recordings, tracks, 4SB backups, and more

Library (Private)

Annotations, setlists, bookmarks, metadata, settings, and more

4SB Backups

When you access forScore’s documents through the Files app or with iTunes’ File Sharing panel, you’re only seeing some of forScore’s data. If you were to back these files up and copy them to a new forScore installation, you’d find that your annotations, metadata, setlists, settings, and certain other information would all be missing. To help you keep all of that extra information, forScore’s Backup panel lets you export its private app data as a single 4SB backup file that’s stored in the Documents directory alongside the rest of your documents. Together, an up-to-date 4SB backup and a copy of every other file in forScore’s Documents directory is enough to duplicate or restore your music library. Backups cannot be used on their own: they snapshot forScore’s information about your files, not your files themselves.

4SB ArchivesforScore 10.4.7 & 3.4.7

You can also use forScore’s Backup panel to create 4SB archives. An archive is a single 4SB file that includes a copy of every file in forScore’s Documents directory as well as the private information that’s contained in a standard 4SB backup. Because they duplicate all of your documents, archives require much more free space on your device, but they are more convenient because they contain everything you need to migrate or recover your entire forScore library. They can be uploaded to your preferred cloud storage service or copied to a computer using iTunes.

iCloud Backups

Depending on your settings, iOS can regularly back up your entire device through iTunes or iCloud. If your device is lost or damaged, you can usually use this information to get back up and running quickly. Keep in mind, however, that iCloud offers limited storage and that you can’t restore data for a single app—it’s all or nothing. Because of this, we also recommend manually backing up your forScore library on a regular basis.

iCloud Syncing

Some apps use iCloud to store and synchronize their content between devices. This gives you access to your documents from any device, but it also comes at a cost: an app may not always be able to access those documents immediately. If the system is busy syncing, or if the content simply hasn’t been transferred over to your device yet, the app must wait. Since forScore was built for speed, we don’t use this system. When musicians turn the page from one score in a setlist to the next, they need it to be ready at a moment’s notice.

Deleting forScore

If you delete forScore from your device, all of your information goes with it. If an Apple employee tells you to delete the app to fix a problem, be sure you have made a complete backup first. We don’t store a copy of your files and can’t help you get them back if they’re erased.

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Sharing files between forScore and forScore mini

You can share your files or copy your entire library from forScore on your iPad to forScore mini on your iPhone or iPod Touch (or vice versa). Use Bluetooth or AirDrop to transfer a few files between devices quickly and directly, upload and download files using your favorite cloud service, or share files via email, send them to other apps, or print them out.

To move your entire music collection from one device to another, click here.

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Letting forScore turn pages for you

forScore can turn pages for you automatically with two different tools: If you use the metronome, just enter in the number of beats per page, activate autoturn, and start the metronome. Once the metronome reaches the specified number, the page will flip. Learn more here: Turning pages automatically with Autoturn
 
If you’re using an audio track with your score, use Replay to automate your page turns instead—listen to the audio track once all the way through and turn pages when appropriate, then press play and watch as forScore moves from page to page at just the right moment. Learn more here: Using Replay to automate page turns

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Setlist folders

Setlist folders allow you to organize your setlists into discrete groups. Unlike in the score menu, where an item can appear in multiple category lists based on its attributes, folders are concrete locations: a setlist can only ever be in one folder at a time, just like on a computer.

To create a new empty folder, tap the “edit” button and then tap the new folder icon with a “+” symbol inside it. Supply a name and your folder will appear at the bottom of the list. Folders can be rearranged and mixed in with your other setlists, so you can put them anywhere in your list.

Use the setlist metadata panel to move a setlist into or out of a folder. Tap the circled “i” button next to any setlist or use edit mode to select multiple setlists and batch edit them to change their folder location. Select any existing folder, create a new one, or select “no folder” to move your setlist or setlists.

Note: Setlist folders are available in forScore 10 or later.

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Using tabs to view multiple files at once

forScore includes a tabs feature that works much like the tabs in your web browser. The tabs bar is hidden by default when there’s only one tab in use, but you can open an item in a new tab in a couple different ways. When viewing a menu, tap and hold an item with two fingers to see a preview pop up in the center of the screen, then tap the + button in the corner of the preview to open that item in a new tab. Or, when viewing an item’s metadata panel, you can also tap the + button in the corner of the page preview there to open it in a new tab.

Once the tab bar is visible, you can also tap the + button in the tab bar to open a new tab immediately. And if you’d like the tab bar to always show, there’s an option for that in the app’s settings panel.

With forScore 10 or later, you can also rearrange tabs: tap and hold one of them for a moment until it animates and grows larger, then drag it left or right as needed and lift your finger to drop it.

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Understanding alphabetical sorting

Alphabetical sorting in most of forScore’s menus works by skipping leading articles such as “a”, “an”, and “the”, much like a library catalog or book index. If you prefer, you can disable the “Smart sorting” option in the app’s settings panel to list the titles purely by first letter.

When viewing the list of composers, forScore also alphabetizes by last name (or the last word of a name). If you prefer to sort using the first name of each composer value, open the app’s settings panel and enable “sort composers by first name.”

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Adding and removing setlists

To delete an entire setlist, swipe your finger across it from right to left and confirm by pressing the “delete” button. You can also tap the “edit” button and select one or more setlists, then choose “delete” from the options along the top.

Use the same process to remove one or more entries from a setlist (note that the buttons will read ‘remove’ instead of ‘delete’ since removing an item from a setlist doesn’t affect the original item).

While viewing a setlist, use the + button to add new items to it. A full- screen editor will appear, showing you the current setlist on the left and your library on the right. Tap on any item in your library to add it to your setlist—a dot will appear next to items that already belong to the setlist. You can also delete items from the setlist or rearrange them at any time.

Three buttons along the bottom of the editor give you additional options: add the current score to your setlist, create a placeholder with a custom name, or add all of the items listed on the right to your setlist at once.

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Adjusting the BPM and time signature

For each score in your library, forScore saves a unique BPM value and time signature that’s automatically used every time you return to the metronome feature. Just tap either value to change it with the number keypad. You can also adjust the current score’s BPM by rotating the wheel, using the + and – buttons (available in forScore 10 or later), or by tapping twice in the center of the screen to feel out the beat.

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Using Count In to lead off a song

Use the “Count In” feature to automatically turn off the metronome after a certain number of measures. Tap the Count In button to enable it, then set the number of measures by tapping on the value and entering it with the keypad. Once you start the metronome (audible, visible, or both), the app will count out the number of measures specified and stop automatically.

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Sharing files via Bluetooth

This article relates to a legacy feature that has been retired and is hidden by default as of forScore 10.4 and forScore mini 3.4. For most users, AirDrop provides a better solution for sharing files between devices.

If your devices do not support AirDrop (the preferred method for transferring files between iOS devices), you can share files with nearby forScore users via Bluetooth using the following steps.

Connecting:

  • On both devices, tap the “Bluetooth” item from the tools menu
  • On one device, tap the “Connect” button in the top left corner and select the device you’d like to exchange files with when it appears in the list of nearby devices
  • When prompted on the other device, choose to accept the incoming connection

Sharing: Tap on any item from the list to share it (use the search bar to quickly find something by name). Setlists, backups, and audio files appear at the end of the list.

At the bottom of the share panel, you can choose to send scores as 4SC files (which include editable annotations, links, notes, and more), or you can send the original PDF file as is.

Note: Due to iOS changes, forScore 7 uses a different API that is not compatible with older versions. As such, file transfers are limited to nearby devices running forScore 7.0 or later.

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Slow responsiveness and delays when using iOS 11.3

Update:

We have worked hard to identify the specific steps that cause the issues described below and have used this information to create a better workaround for all users as part of forScore 10.4.6 and forScore mini 3.4.6. If you followed these instructions and enabled the “Application Music Player” option, disabling it and updating forScore should restore all previous functionality (this option will be removed with a future update).

We have provided all of our research to Apple and they have indicated that they are working on fixing the root cause with a future iOS update. Although they do not discuss their plans publicly, we expect these changes to be rolled out as part of iOS 12 this fall.

Original Article:

A bug in iOS 11.3 or later can cause forScore to hang for several seconds while it attempts to access and control the system music player. This issue may occur even if the score you’re viewing has no audio track associated with it. Although we cannot fix this bug, forScore 10.4 and forScore mini 3.4 include a partial workaround:

In forScore’s Tools menu, select “Support” and then tap “Troubleshooting” (this item is not visible if you are using an earlier version of iOS). The “Application Music Player” option in this submenu allows forScore to use an independent, app-specific audio player instead of the system’s shared player. After enabling this setting and restarting forScore these delays should no longer occur, however forScore will no longer be able to display playback information or provide remote control abilities for audio playing from other apps, including iOS’ Music app.

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Why is there a gray bar in annotation mode?

In annotation mode, forScore can display a ruler that helps you draw straight lines or better align elements like stamps or shapes. You can drag the ruler around on the screen with one finger to reposition it, or place two fingers on it and rotate them to adjust its angle. Tap this icon in the annotation toolbar to control whether or not the ruler is visible (the icon is outlined when the ruler is hidden and filled when it is shown):

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Troubleshooting the AirTurn BT-105 or BT-106

If the virtual keyboard isn’t appearing when you select a text field with your foot pedal connected, see this article.

If your page turner is paired with your iPad in the Bluetooth settings panel but isn’t turning pages in forScore, first try reselecting the correct mode on the device.

BT-106:

  • Turn on the BT-106
  • Press and hold the MODE (6) button for 2 seconds. The red LED will flash once per second from 1 to 6 flashes. The number of flashes corresponds to the same MODE number. Be sure to count the flashes.
  • Release the MODE button following the number of flashes that reflects the desired MODE. The orange LED will flash the number of times indicating which MODE has been set.

BT-105:

  • Turn off the BT-105
  • Hold the “forward” footswitch closed with one hand (follow the cable from the footswitch—it will be plugged into the port next to the USB port)
  • While holding the footswitch closed, turn the device on with the other hand
  • As soon as the power light comes on, release both the footswitch and the power button

You should see a sequence of blinks that confirm the profile change as follows: 1 red, 3 green, 1 red. The device is now in Mode 3. This video from AirTurn demonstrates the steps further:

If that doesn’t resolve the issue, you can try resetting the default page turner shortcuts in forScore:

  • Open forScore’s settings panel (in the Tools menu) and choose “page turners & shortcuts”
  • Scroll to the bottom of the panel and tap “Reset…”
  • Confirm when prompted, and check the AirTurn device again to see if it’s functioning properly

If you’re having continued issues beyond that, you might check to see if another compatible app works properly with the AirTurn device. If the foot pedal isn’t working in any apps, please contact AirTurn support directly. If the foot pedal is working in other compatible apps but not in forScore, please submit a forScore support request using the form in the upper left corner of this page.

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How to purchase forScore

forScore is available exclusively on the Apple App Store for iPads running iOS 9.0 or later. The current price is $9.99 in the US (international pricing varies), though keep in mind that the price may increase as major new features are added.

forScore mini is also available exclusively on the App Store for iPhones or iPod Touches running iOS 9.0 or later. It currently costs $6.99 (USD) and its price may also increase over time as major new features are added.

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Does forScore sync or back up my files to the cloud?

No. forScore helps you work with your own PDF sheet music collection by augmenting it with additional information and tools. Due to technical and legal considerations, forScore deals only with the files that exist on your device (in forScore’s Documents directory) and does not transmit these files to any server.

If you use iCloud and have enabled iCloud backups for your device, Apple routinely updates a copy of all the information on your device to their own iCloud servers. If your device is damaged or lost, or if you’re migrating to a new device, this backup can be used to transfer all of your information and settings over. Note, however, that iCloud backups can not be used to restore information for a specific app—it’s all or nothing. Note also that these backups are not incremental; if your information is corrupted and then backed up to iCloud, there is no way to revert to an earlier state.

As such, it’s important to regularly back up your sheet music library and your forScore database to a computer. Learn more about forScore backups here.

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Deleting or replacing metadata

When you’re working with metadata, a box to the left of each field helps you understand and control what will happen to any existing information once you’re done editing. If it’s unchecked or empty, no changes will be made to your file for that specific type of metadata. If it’s checked, the file’s existing metadata will be replaced with whatever you’ve entered in. The best choice is selected for you automatically as you work with these fields, but you can tap the box at any time to change it. For instance, if you want to clear out any existing values for a field, delete the text and then tap the box on the left so it shows a check mark. This replaces the value that was there previously with the one you’ve entered in: nothing.

If you’re batch editing, the Composers, Genres, and Tags fields will toggle between the same “checked” state—meaning that existing values will be replaced with whatever you’ve typed in—and an “append” state (a plus symbol). In this case, the + indicates that the values you’ve entered in will be added to the selected files, and that all existing values will be preserved.

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Looping a segment of audio

If you’d like to loop a portion of the song, tap on the repeat symbol in the media controller and drag the blue handles left and right to set the loop time.

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Using stamps and shapes for common markings

Some musical symbols cannot be typed into a text box or drawn precisely, but with the “Stamps” and “Shapes” presets you can place these kinds of annotations on the page quickly and easily. Stamps is the first item on the second line of the annotation toolbar (a flat symbol by default), and shapes is the second item (a slur tool by default). Tap on either tool to select it, and tap again to see all of the available options. Drag the size slider at the bottom of either panel left or right to adjust stamp size or shape thickness.

Stamps

Tap the “tint” button at the top of the Stamps palette to color your stamps on the fly. Set a preferred color and enable tinting by tapping the switch in the top right-hand corner, then use the stamp tool like you normally would. Tinting only affects new annotations; existing ones are unaffected. On iPad, the arrow button in the top left-hand corner of the Stamps palette lets you collapse the view into a single column so you can see more of the page.

Shapes

The Shapes panel also allows tinting but on a per-shape basis. Tap the arrow button to the right of any shape to adjust its color and, in some cases, additional settings. For instance, the oval and rectangle tools can be filled or outlined, and the staff shape can be customized to draw a different number of lines. (Shape settings are available with forScore 10.5 or newer.)

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Using Versions

Scores in your library can have a lot of information associated with them, including metadata, annotations, links, notes, and more. In some cases, you may prefer to work with the same file but with different sets of information depending on the context.

A music teacher, for instance, might want to keep multiple sets of information for the same piece depending on the student they’re currently working with. Some people prefer to keep separate notes for practice or performance. For others, it’s a way of backing up and restoring individual scores independently of the rest of their library.

In the tools menu, choose “Versions” to show the version tray. From here you can view all of your versions for the current score, create new ones (up to 24), and update or restore an existing version.

Creating Versions

As long as you have fewer than 24 versions, the last item in the tray (all the way to the right) will be the “Add Version” button. Tap it, enter in a name, and tap the “OK” button to create your new version. You’ll see it appear at the end of the list with an arrow next to the title, indicating that it’s the most current version.

Viewing Versions

Swipe left or right to see up to 4 pages of versions (3 in landscape orientation), and tap any version to see more information about it. You’ll see the version’s screenshot, date created, and metadata.

Working with Versions

Any time you create or restore a version you’ll see an arrow appear next to its name, indicating that it’s the most current version. Changes that you make to your score during this time aren’t saved automatically, but you can update it at any time by pressing the “Update Version” button in the version’s info panel, and if you decide to restore another version you’ll be prompted to update the current version first.

Note: Versions can be created for both files and bookmarks, but it’s generally a good idea to stick with one or the other for each PDF in your library. Using versions with a file and its bookmarks concurrently is not recommended.

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Connecting the iRig BlueBoard

The iRig BlueBoard is a Bluetooth LE device that forScore can communicate with directly, without the need for the intermediary BlueBoard app. If you have the BlueBoard app installed, make sure you have forced it closed using these instructions before pairing the device with forScore.

First Time Pairing

  • Launch forScore, tap the center of the screen to toggle the control bar, and open the Tools menu (toolbox icon).
  • Choose Devices from the tools menu.
  • Turn the switch on the bottom of the BlueBoard to the On position.
  • The blue light on the top of the device should blink repeatedly, indicating that it is available for pairing.
  • In the list of available devices, select iRig BlueTurn.
  • The BlueBoard should pair with forScore immediately.
  • Adjust the page turner and shortcut settings using these instructions, to customize each button for a command in forScore.

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Why are there blue rectangles on certain pages?

Many PDF files embed hyperlinks into their pages to direct you to a webpage or perform certain actions (like compose a new email) when you click on a specific word, phrase, or image. These hyperlinks are just one type of embedded PDF annotation that your files may include on any of their pages. In forScore, hyperlinks are highlighted using a semi-transparent blue rectangle with a darker border. If they’re particularly small, like the hyperlinks that are sometimes added to every note in LilyPond files, they may appear as small bubbles instead.

If you’re working with files that misuse these links, or if you don’t use them, you can disable them in forScore’s settings panel. Open the Tools menu and choose Settings, then tap “PDF annotations” and uncheck “Hyperlinks” as well as any other embedded annotations you prefer not to see.

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How do I “close” my files?

forScore doesn’t use “windows” like a conventional desktop app, so there’s not a home screen or a way to close the score you’re viewing, and the app will always recall the last thing you were viewing when it relaunches. You can select a new item from any of the menus and the one you were viewing previously will effectively “close”. forScore then clears that previous item out of memory automatically so you don’t need to worry about having too many things open at once.

If you would like to show multiple things at once, you can open items in new tabs, much like a web browser. To do this, tap and hold an item in the menu until the preview image appears, then tap the “+” button to open it in a new tab.

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Troubleshooting App Store or Apple ID issues

If you’re having trouble getting the app to install or authenticating with your Apple ID, there are a few things you might try to troubleshoot the issue:

  • Log out of your Apple ID and log back in
  • Restart your device
  • Check iTunes on your computer for the update, download it, and install it by syncing your iOS device with your computer

Otherwise, you may need to contact Apple Support directly, since they manage all transactions and App Store processes on our behalf.

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Editing information with the metadata panel

In the score, bookmark, and setlist menus, tap the blue arrow button off to the right-hand side of any score or certain bookmarks to open the metadata panel where you can view and edit forScore’s information about that item. From the main screen, you can also tap the title in the menu bar for quick access to the current score or bookmark’s information.

Title

A score’s title is, by default, its filename minus the “.pdf” extension. If you change the title, forScore updates the filename to match as closely as possible (it adds a number if needed to ensure that the filename is unique).

Multiple Values

Items may have one or more composers, genres, tags, or labels. To use multiple values, separate them using commas within each text field. For instance, “tag 1, tag 2” is automatically separated and creates two entries (“tag 1” and “tag 2”) in the Tags list.

Other Metadata

Other values include rating and difficulty (which can be set by tapping or sliding your finger across their star or dot symbols), time, and key. In the Layout tab in the lower section of the metadata panel, you can also specify a page offset to account for a preface or title page.

Bookmarks

Bookmarks can be created by supplying a title, start page number, and an optional end page number. If no end page number is provided, the bookmark lets you quickly access that page but offers no additional abilities and does not maintain its own metadata values. If you do provide an end page, forScore creates a reference to that range of pages and treats them like any other score in your library: you can add metadata to them, add them to setlists, and more. (The rest of this section pertains to this second type of bookmark.)

There are a few differences between working with metadata for scores and bookmarks. Unlike with scores, a bookmark’s title has no relation to its PDF filename. Bookmark titles must be unique within their parent score, otherwise you can use any value you like. Page offsets are available for scores only, since the number of leading pages isn’t something that’s specific to a particular bookmark.

Batch editing

When you access the metadata panel from one of forScore’s menus, you’ll see a + button in the top right-hand corner that lets you select additional files and edit some of their values all at once. Batch editing is not available when you tap the title display to access the current item’s metadata.

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Organization Basics

The score menu organizes your files by Composers, Genres, Tags, and Labels. These lists are generated dynamically, so they’ll only show values currently being used by one or more items in your library. (Learn more about changing an item’s properties using the Metadata panel.)

Tap any of these entries and you’ll see a new list containing all of the scores that pertain to that category. A single score may be visible in several different lists, so long as it matches the corresponding category or setlist. (For example, a score with “Johann Sebastian Bach” as its composer and “Romantic” as its genre will be listed under both of these categories.) Most submenus can be sorted by date added, rating, difficulty, key, time, or alphabetically.

Note: By default, forScore sorts Composers alphabetically by last name and sorts scores by omitting common words like “the,” “a,” and “and.” You can change both of these behaviors in the app’s settings panel to better suit your needs.

The setlist menu lets you create lists and group things manually so you can play through them in any order you need. Setlists even allow you to place the same item in a list more than once. Learn more about setlists here.

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Locking audio when flipping between scores

If your settings allow you to flip between scores, you’ll see a lock icon in the media controller that prevents you from accidentally flipping to the next or previous score as long as the track is still playing.

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Adjusting the metronome audio channels

If you’re using headphones or a line out with your device, an icon at the top of the panel controls which channel(s) the audio plays through. Tap to toggle between left, right, and both channels.

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Drag and drop basics

Drag & Drop

iOS 11 introduced Drag and Drop gestures, allowing you to work more quickly and naturally in apps like forScore that have been updated to support them. Note that Drag and Drop is not available on iOS 10 or earlier, and that it works between apps on iPad but only within the same app on iPhone or iPod Touch.

Gestures

To use Drag and Drop, tap and hold your finger over an interface element—if it can be dragged, it will animate and appear to lift off of the screen slightly. Once it does, drag your finger away to start a drag session. While continuing to hold that item with one finger, you can use other fingers to interact with the app just as you normally would. You can close the view you’re working in, open other panels or menus, and even switch apps (or use the iPad’s Split Screen and Slide Over multitasking modes).

When you drag your items over a compatible view or portion of the screen, you’ll see the interface change to indicate that an action can be performed there. When rearranging items in a list (scores within a setlist, for example), other items move out of the way and create a gap to show that you dropping your item there will move it to that spot. In other cases, a green “+” symbol may appear indicating that your items will be added or copied instead of moved. Different situations use different symbols, and it takes just a few minutes of exploration to understand what each of them means and how they work.

Multiple Items

In some cases, you can start dragging an item with one finger, then tap other similar items with a second finger to add them to your drag session. As you do, each item will animate over to your first finger (Apple calls this “flocking”) and you’ll be able to drag them all around at once and drop the entire set wherever you need to.

Often times you can even drag similar items from different views: drag a score out of the main menu, then tap a bookmark from your most recent setlist, for instance, to add it to the items you’re currently dragging.

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Customizing metronome sounds

With forScore 9 and later, you can customize the metronome “tick” and “tock” sounds to better suit your needs.

  • Create or find two .wav files, one for each sound that you’d like to substitute for the defaults
  • Add those two .wav files to forScore using any file import method
  • Once added, open the tools menu and choose Settings, then Accessibility
  • Choose Metronome Sounds, then tap a sound to see a list of compatible .wav files in your library
  • Select a file name, then repeat the process for the next sound
  • Close the tools menu to save your changes, and the metronome sounds will update automatically

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Working with annotation layers

Introduced with forScore 10.4 and forScore mini 3.4, annotation layers allow you to separate your markings so you can organize them, show or hide them, and edit some of them without affecting others. All drawn markings (including stamps and shapes) and text annotations belong to a layer, while links and buttons are separate and always appear above other annotations on the page.

The Layers panel

The Layers button replaces the Snapshots button in the annotation toolbar and allows you to view and manage layers, and to select one layer to make it active. Every page always has at least one layer and can have up to eight layers in total. To create a new layer, tap the Layers button and tap the + icon at the bottom of the panel. Your new layer is given a default name and automatically made active (represented by a slightly darker background), and you can tap its title to rename it or tap other layers in the list to change the active layer at any time. Any markings you create are placed within the layer that’s currently active.

Items shown in this list from top to bottom represent layers from back to front (the layer at the top of the list contains annotations shown behind all others, and annotations within the layer at the bottom of the list are displayed in front all others). To the right of each layer in the list you’ll find three icons for toggling its visibility, merging it with the one behind it (above it in the list), and duplicating it. Use drag and drop gestures or tap the “Edit” button and drag the reorder control on the right-hand side of a layer to move it up or down.

Deleting or clearing layers

To delete a layer, tap “Edit” and then tap the red button on the left-hand side of a cell to confirm and remove it and all of its associated markings. Without activating edit mode, you can also remove a layer by swiping over it from right to left in the list view. This action also gives you a quick way of clearing all of the annotations on a particular layer without removing it entirely.

Moving annotations between layers

If you’ve made markings on one layer and want to move it to another layer, the Selection tool can help. Its copy and paste functions work within whichever layer is currently active, so you can select annotations in one layer, copy and then clear them, choose another layer, and paste them there. You can also move text annotations between layers: while editing a text annotation, tap “Layers” in the toolbar just above the keyboard (or along the bottom of the screen if you’re using an external keyboard) to move that annotation to a different layer.

About Snapshots

The Snapshots tool has been retired with forScore 10.4 and forScore mini 3.4 since Layers provide many of the same functions with even greater flexibility. If you’ve previously created snapshots for any page of the current score, you can still access those by tapping the Snapshots icon in the top left-hand corner of the Layers panel. A conversion tool within the Snapshots interface allows you to transfer each snapshot’s contents to a layer instead, so you can move to the new system when you’re ready. If you prefer to use snapshots instead of layers, you can re-enable this feature in the “Legacy Settings” section of forScore’s settings panel.

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Working with large files

Several things can impact performance for certain files. The most common reason why a file may be sluggish compared to others is the file size per page. If you’re scanning in your own files, try to use a relatively low DPI—remember that your device’s screen displays much less information than a real piece of paper does. Some other files can perform poorly but also have very small file sizes: this is generally due to the complication of the file itself. If the PDF file contains a large number of images or elements, even very small ones, it can take iOS some time to sort it all out. This is true for every PDF reader that we’ve seen, even Apple’s built-in apps, and is simply a hardware limitation.

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Editing bookmarks

To edit a bookmark, tap the round arrow button next to it just like you normally would for any other score. The metadata panel will open up, and two additional fields will be available next to the title field for start and end page. These values can be changed at any time, along with the other standard metadata values.

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Using Indexes to create bookmarks

When you’re using one long PDF file with multiple pieces within it, bookmarks are an essential part of ensuring that forScore can be at its best, giving you all of the great features you’d get with individual PDF files for each score.

Since adding bookmarks can be a daunting and time-consuming task, use the Indexes feature to create bookmarks from a comma-separated value (CSV) file. To begin, import a CSV file by downloading it through the Services panel, copying it to forScore from another app (or using Drag and Drop), or by adding it to your forScore library from a computer using iTunes’ File Sharing panel.

While viewing your score, open the Bookmarks menu and tap “Indexes” in the top left-hand corner and choose your CSV file. Values found in each column are listed in the “values” section—tap any of them to assign their information to specific types of forScore metadata, then browse through each record to make sure things look right. The minimum values to create bookmarks are title and starting page; if you want to be able to add individual metadata or add bookmarks to setlists, you’ll also need to set an end page. Set a page offset value, if necessary, and check the thumbnail preview to make sure each bookmark lines up correctly. Skip any header or footer rows as needed, then tap “save” when you’re ready.

If you have multiple CSV files that are structured similarly, you can save and reuse your current value mapping by selecting “default to these settings.”

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Connecting the PageFlip Cicada, Firefly, Butterfly, or Dragonfly

All PageFlip models connected to your iOS device with a standard computer keyboard profile. Each device features several modes that are compatible with forScore. For the PageFlip Cicada, Firefly, or Dragonfly, choose modes 1, 2, or 3. All modes on the Butterfly are compatible with forScore.

First Time Pairing

  • Follow the instructions in your specific model’s user guide to pair the pedal with your iOS device.
  • Once paired, launch forScore and the device should turn pages by default in any of the 3 compatible device modes.
  • If the pages do not turn, or if you would like to configure additional pedals on the Dragonfly model, adjust the page turner and shortcut settings using these instructions, or reset them to the defaults.

Toggling the virtual keyboard

Since the PageFlip pedals connect to your device with a computer keyboard profile, the virtual keyboard will not appear when a text field is selected. See this article for additional instructions on toggling the keyboard: Virtual keyboard won’t appear

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Does forScore sync content across devices?

forScore doesn’t offer any syncing capabilities due to the complexity of the app’s data structure, but you can use these instructions to copy your entire library to another devices: Transferring your forScore library to another device

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If I delete forScore, will it delete my library?

Yes. Deleting an app from your device will delete all files and data associated with that app, and there is no way to undo this. Deleting the app should only be done after exhausting all other troubleshooting with us directly.

Your forScore library is stored locally on your device, but we provide the ability to back up that data to your computer or a supported cloud service. Please see this knowledge base article for more information and instructions for backing up: Backing up your data to your computer

Note: If you have contacted Apple Support or visited an Apple Store to troubleshoot an app-specific issue, they will often suggest deleting the app and reinstalling it to resolve the issue. This is not the solution. Please contact us directly to troubleshoot any issues with forScore instead of seeking help from Apple.

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Why can’t I connect to Dropbox?

In September 2017, Dropbox retired the first version of their API, which we updated to version 2 with forScore version 10.2. If you are using an outdated version of forScore (Which version do I have?) and running iOS 9 or later, please back up your files and library data (Backing up your data to your computer) then check the App Store app for an update and you should be back on track.

If your device is running iOS 6 through iOS 8, you will first need to update to at least to iOS 9 in order to have access to the latest versions of forScore.

If your device is running iOS 5 or earlier, there is no way to update beyond forScore 5 (we dropped support for iOS 5 and earlier several years ago), so the Dropbox integration will no longer function. As an alternative, you should still be able to use the Dropbox app and the native sharing function in both Dropbox and forScore to send files back and forth between apps.

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What happened to the page thumbnail preview?

With iOS 11, the long press gesture is used with Drag and Drop, so Quick Peek (the page thumbnail that allows you to preview a page or open a file in a new tab) can now be activated by long pressing with two fingers, or by swiping from left to right over a menu item. Users with iOS 10 or earlier can continue to use the long press gesture.

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Score metadata is changing automatically

If newly imported scores are “disappearing” from the menus, the app might be reassigning metadata it finds within the PDF file . In this case, the “Automatic fetching for new files” option in the app’s settings panel is enabled, which scans imported music for existing metadata and assigns it to common fields like Title and Composer, among others. Some PDF exporters will generate this metadata automatically, so that’s probably what you’re seeing. If you turn the option off, it will stop scanning the files and retain the file names as the title of the score.

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Understanding forScore’s menu layout and navigation

Menus are a big part of forScore, so understanding how they’re organized in general can help you move from one to another without getting lost.

forScore’s menus are usually presented in popups, and the first thing you’ll see when you open one up is the navigation bar. It’s the topmost portion of the popup, and includes a title as well as edit, add, and back buttons (when appropriate).

Below the navigation bar, you’ll see a series of buttons that alter the content or sort order of the list below it. While you’re editing a list, this bar may also show available actions, and it may scroll left and right if needed to display all of the options.

Next, you’ll see the list itself, which also includes a search bar hidden up at the top—just drag the list downward until it starts to appear, then let go and it’ll slide out. When you’re done searching, or when you drag the list back up, the search bar will slide back under the control bar and hide out of sight until you need it again.

Menus may also include an index down the right-hand side which allows you to move quickly through the current list. Tap or drag your finger up and down over it to navigate to a particular spot or first letter (if the list is sorted alphabetically).

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Scanning for new files

To make things as speedy as possible, forScore only scans for new files periodically and may not always show your newest files immediately. If you’ve just added something and it’s not showing up, drag the score menu’s list downward until you see the refresh symbol, then let go to update the listing.

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Working with the Files app in iOS 11

iOS 11 introduced the Files app (formerly called the iCloud Drive app) which gives you access to many of your documents across your device, apps, and cloud storage services. It’s a centralized way to work with files and manage or share them no matter where they come from, and when used with iOS 11’s Drag and Drop gestures it becomes an even more powerful tool that can be used in a variety of helpful ways.

This knowledge base article provides an overview of the Files app and how it can be used with forScore specifically. For more information on using the Files app more generally, please visit this Apple Support article.

Working with Files

The Files app’s sidebar lets you browse by location or tags and gives you easy access your favorite folders. Tap any of the items in these lists to see the files within (or associated with) it. You can sort these files by name, date, size, and tags, switch between a list or grid view, and tap an item to preview it if supported. Tap and hold any item to see more options, allowing you to do things like rename, share, move, or delete a file. The “Select” button in the top right-hand corner lets you select one or more files and work with them simultaneously.

Copying from Files to other Apps

To send a copy of one of your files to an app like forScore, tap and hold the file (if you’re viewing the grid or list view) and choose “Share” or tap the item to open a full-screen preview and use the share icon in the top right-hand corner. More information on sharing files between apps can be found here. forScore works with PDF files, many audio formats, CSV files, and its own custom formats (4SC scores, 4SS setlists, and 4SB backups). forScore can also import certain types of text file and automatically converts them to PDFs upon import.

Copying from forScore to Files

forScore provides sharing features in a variety of different locations and contexts. Within most of forScore’s menus you can share a score, bookmark, or setlist by swiping over it from right to left and tapping “Share” or you can use edit mode to select and share multiple items. You can also swipe to share certain items when shown in the Search panel, backups panel, audio picker, and many of forScore’s other views. Tap the “Save to Files” option within the sharing interface to pick a location and save a copy of your content.

forScore’s DocumentsforScore 10.4 & 3.4

In the Locations section of the Files app’s sidebar, under “On My iPad” or “On My iPhone,” you can access the Documents directory of certain apps that store their content on-device, such as forScore. Working with forScore’s documents through the Files app has similar implications as using iTunes’ File Sharing panel does: adding and removing files in this directory adds or removes them from your forScore library, and renaming PDF files is discouraged as it can lead to a loss of metadata, annotations, and other forScore information about that file. The use of subdirectories is not supported at this time.

When opening files from this directory in other apps, or when sharing them from within forScore 10.4 or forScore mini 3.4, those apps may offer in-place editing capabilities that permanently modify your content. Changes made to forScore’s files in this manner are reflected within forScore. Learn more about in-place editing by visiting this page.

Drag and DropiOS 11+

When you’re using an iPad, Drag and Drop gestures allow you to work with content between apps, not just within them. That means you can drag scores, setlists, backups, and other kinds of content out of forScore and right into the Files app to copy them there. Or, drag compatible files from the Files app into various views within forScore to copy them the other way. Our importing and sharing articles provide more details about this.

File Providers

The Files app isn’t just limited to what’s on your device or stored in iCloud, any app can make its files available to the system interactively. You continue to use the Files app with its familiar interface and work just like you always do, but behind the scenes that third-party app is doing the work of updating and maintaining your documents wherever they’re stored. Common examples of third-party apps that take advantage of this system include Dropbox, Google Drive, Box, Microsoft OneDrive, Amazon Drive, SugarSync, and more.

If you’ve downloaded an app that has been updated to work this way, it will be available as an option in the Files app’s “locations” list but will be disabled by default. Tap “Edit” in the sidebar to see all available providers and flip the switch next to the ones you want to use to enable them.

Some apps provide access to multiple services or network locations by leveraging a variety of protocols, including FTP, SFTP, WebDAV, and more. Apps like FileExplorer and FileBrowser let you configure and connect to many different accounts, either through the Files app or using their own interface.

In forScore’s Services panel

To help users access and work with their files within third-party apps, Apple provides a standardized system interface for uploading and downloading files. This interface is very similar to the Files app in iOS 11 or the iCloud Drive app on iOS 10 or earlier, so you can do most of the same things you’d normally do within these apps without ever leaving forScore.

This interface is available as an account option within forScore’s Services panel, called “iCloud Drive” or “Files” depending on your version of forScore and iOS. Unlike with other services, developers get very limited access to this content so we cannot provide the same familiar interface or offer the same set of features as we normally do within the Services panel. Instead, Apple’s interface is purpose-driven: you must choose up-front if you want to upload content from forScore or if you want to download and copy files into forScore instead.

For quick, simple tasks this is a great way to interact with the Files app (and any third-party file providers you’ve set up). For more intensive work, using Split View or Slide Over and Drag and Drop gestures usually gives you more flexibility.

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Toggling the control bar

To save real estate, all of forScore’s controls are hidden by default. A quick, single tap in the middle of the page will reveal the control bar along the top of the screen. This control bar gives you access to six important items (in blue): scores, bookmarks, and setlists on the left, and search, the metronome, and the tools menu on the right.

The darker area in the middle of the toolbar displays the current item’s title and composer and gives you quick access to important settings and tools. By default, the button on the left toggles either half-page turns or a two-page view, depending on the orientation of your device. The button on the right reveals a second page of tools, and you can swipe left and right to move between pages at any time. Use the edit button on the second page to place the two you use the most on the first page for easy access.

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Searching for items in your library

In many of forScore’s menus, a search bar hidden up at the top of the list will allow you to filter down its items and find exactly what you’re looking for. If you’re viewing a list of composers, for instance, drag the list downward and type a few letters to see composer names containing those letters. If you’re viewing a list of scores, you can also use multiple words in any order to match either the score’s title or its composers.

In most cases, however, it’s easier to find what you’re looking for by using the global search function (the magnifying glass icon in the main control bar). You can search for any score, bookmark, setlist, or category (composer, genre, or tag). You can even search for an action or tool by name to get to it quickly.

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Connecting the iRig BlueTurn

The iRig BlueTurn is a Bluetooth LE device that uses a standard computer keyboard profile to connect to your iOS device. It features three different command modes, all of which are compatible with forScore by default.

First Time Pairing

  • Turn the switch on the bottom of the device to the On position.
  • The blue light on the top of the device should blink repeatedly, indicating that it is available for pairing.
  • Open the Settings app on your device and choose Bluetooth.
  • In the list of available devices, select iRig BlueTurn.
  • Confirm when prompted to pair the device.
  • Launch forScore, and the device should turn pages without any further configuration in any of the 3 device modes.
  • If the pages do not turn, adjust the page turner and shortcut settings using these instructions, or reset them to the defaults.

Toggling the virtual keyboard

Since the BlueTurn connects to your device with a computer keyboard profile, the virtual keyboard will not appear when a text field is selected. After connecting your device via the Bluetooth section of the Settings app, open forScore and tap to activate the text field you’d like to type in. Press and hold the left (“up” arrow) pad for three seconds to activate the virtual keyboard. Once that’s done, you should be able to use the virtual keyboard and still turn pages normally until you repeat these steps or power cycle your BlueTurn. For more information, see this article: Virtual keyboard won’t appear

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Opening and Editing Files In-Place

With iOS 11 and forScore 10.4 or forScore mini 3.4 or later, the contents of forScore’s documents directory are now available through the Files app and you can view or edit them directly through other apps on your device. If you share files from forScore to other apps, it’s important to understand what features they offer and whether you may be permanently altering your files. Visit this page to learn more about in-place editing.

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Why can’t I turn pages?

There are a few reasons why you may not be able to turn pages in forScore:

The app’s default settings only allow you to flip pages from one score to the next when viewing items in a setlist. Details here: Flip between scores

Page turns are intentionally disabled when using the pinch-zoom feature because it is intended for quick up-close reference of your page. If you would like to reduce the margins or set the overall zoom level of a PDF to maximize the size of the music on the screen, use the Crop or Margin Adjustment tools.

If you are viewing a bookmark within a larger PDF, you will only be able to turn pages within the range set for that bookmark. View the source PDF file to freely turn pages throughout the PDF, or consider creating a “simple” bookmark by only entering a start page (no end page) to jump to a specific page in a file and page forward and backward freely.
Understanding forScore Bookmarks
Creating Bookmarks

If none of these apply to your situation or explain the behavior you’re seeing, please contact us using the form in the upper left corner of the page for further assistance.

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Unable to add large batches of files

In some cases, transferring a large number of files through iTunes can cause your iOS device to run low on memory or to restart. Because these file transfers are handled by iTunes and iOS directly, we have no control over how they work or how to improve them. Until Apple fixes these problems, the easiest way to avoid this is to copy your files over in smaller batches.
 
If you’ve experienced this issue, we encourage you to submit feedback to Apple so that they can gauge the extent of the problem and respond accordingly.

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Sending a backup file to forScore Support

Occasionally, having a backup file of your forScore library data can aid us in recreating your library and diagnosing an issue. Here’s how to create and send us a 4SB backup file:

  • Open the tools menu and choose Backup
  • Create a new backup file by tapping the + button in the upper right corner (if prompted, choose “Create Backup”)
  • Tap the Share icon to the right of the new backup file (it will be named by the date/time it was created)
  • A panel will appear with different share options. Choose Mail and email it to support at forscoreapp.com along with a description of the issue and any steps we can take to replicate it

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Turning pages

Turn the page with two basic kinds of gestures: swipes and taps. Swipe left or right across the screen like flipping through pages in a book, or simply tap either side of the screen once.

You can also adjust the page transition type in the app’s settings panel under the Tools menu, and choose between curl, slide, stack, or no transition at all.

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Using forScore in landscape orientation

To get a better view of your score, turn your device sideways: the page will fill up the screen’s width and extend downward if necessary. Swipe or tap to scroll from top to bottom and between pages, or drag the page up and down with your finger.

You can also view two pages at a time in landscape orientation.

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Zooming in on a page

If you’d like to quickly see part of a page up close, place two fingers on the screen and move them farther apart to zoom in, or closer together (pinch) to zoom out. Double-tap the screen while zoomed in to return to the normal size.

Learn more about cropping and margin adjustment for more permanent options.

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Working with lists

To open an item, just tap on it. If you’re viewing a list of scores, you can tap and hold your finger down on an item to preview it. Then, tap the thumbnail image of the page to open it, tap the + button in the lower right-hand corner to open it in a new tab, or tap outside of it to close the preview. To delete an item, swipe your finger across it from right to left and tap on the “Delete” button that appears.

You may also see a button or symbol off to the right-hand side of each item. A plain arrow or chevron symbol indicates that selecting that row will display an additional list of items, such as selecting a composer to see all of their scores. A circled arrow is a button: tap on it to view and edit metadata for that item, or tap anywhere else in the row to open it.

One of the most important items in a menu is the edit button in the top right-hand corner. When highlighted, you can choose multiple items in the list and use the options along the top of the list to work with those files in a number of different ways. These options can vary, but usually include the ability to select all items, reset (de-select all items), and delete items.

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Downloading scores from Musicnotes.com

With forScore 10.4 or later and forScore mini 3.4 you can access your Musicnotes.com purchases and download them as standard PDF files into your forScore library. To begin, choose “Services” from forScore’s Tools menu and tap “Musicnotes” in the list. Log in when prompted, if necessary, and your list of purchases will appear.

Purchases can be sorted by title, composer, date purchased, or by key. Tap any single item to download it or swipe from right to left and choose “Download…” to download the item and add it to a specific setlist. You can use Edit mode to select multiple files and download them at once.

Notes: The “…” button in the Services list will open the Musicnotes website in a full-screen view to allow you to manage your account. Sharing is disabled for files imported from Musicnotes purchases.

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Many or all files missing

forScore allows you to create libraries so you can work with a subset of your scores, bookmarks, and setlists without seeing everything else in forScore. When a specific library is selected, only that library’s contents will be visible in forScore’s menus. If most or all of your files have suddenly disappeared, the most common reason is that you’re viewing a different library than you might expect.

To verify this, open the Scores menu and tap the back button until you see the category list (composers, genres, tags, or labels). In the top left-hand corner, you’ll find the Library button. This button’s title changes to show the currently selected library, so it may be called “Library” or it may have a different name you supplied when creating your custom library. Tap this button and choose “All Libraries” to see all of your items.

If you created a new library by accident and no longer need it, you may remove it by reopening the list of libraries and swiping over it from right to left. Tap “delete” and confirm to remove the library—this will NOT remove the scores, bookmarks, or setlists within that library, which will all still be visible when “All Libraries” is selected.

If you have verified that the “All Libraries” item is selected and still cannot find your files, contact us so we can troubleshoot the issue with you.

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Removing libraries

If you no longer need a library, you can remove it by opening the Scores menu and tapping the back button until you see the Categories list (the list of composers, genres, tags, or labels). In the top left-hand corner, you’ll find the Library button—it may be called “Library” if no library is currently selected, otherwise it will show the name of the active library. Tap this button to see the complete list of libraries and swipe from right to left over the library you want to remove, then tap “delete” and confirm.

Note: removing a library does NOT delete its scores, bookmarks, or setlists—all of that content will still be visible whenever “All Libraries” is selected.

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Rearranging items with Drag and Drop

Many of forScore’s views list items that can be rearranged: setlists and their contents, libraries, audio tracks and MIDI commands in the Metadata panel, accounts in the Services panel, and more. Typically, these items can be arranged by tapping “edit” and then dragging the three horizontal lines on the right-hand side of the cell up or down as needed. With Drag and Drop, there’s no need to enter “edit” mode first—simply tap and hold any part of the item until it lifts up and out of the list, then drag up or down as needed.

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Annotating with Drag and Drop

While annotating, use Drag and Drop to rearrange your drawing presets by dragging them left or right. You can also work with images in several ways: drop an image onto the page (from the Photos app, Safari, or any app that allows you to drag images) and forScore can add it as an annotation. Resize it, reposition it, then tap outside of it to place your image.

Create new stamps by dragging images from other apps directly into the Stamp Creator’s canvas. Use the Selection tool to select an area of drawn annotations, then use Drag and Drop to copy them as an image to other apps. Since you’re working with standard images in both cases, you can even combine these two examples to create new stamps from annotations you’ve previously drawn by hand, all without leaving the app or needing to go to your computer to deal with image editing software.

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Do I need an account to use forScore?

No, forScore does not use accounts and does not collect any information about you. Some of the system features on your device require an iCloud account from Apple, and forScore’s Services panel allows you to access content from third-party cloud storage services and content providers. If you choose to use these features, information essential to their use will be transmitted to servers we don’t control. Read our complete (and short) privacy policy here.

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Education pricing

forScore is a great tool for classrooms of any size, and we’ve made it available for discounted educational pricing through Apple’s Volume Purchase Program, which they manage on our behalf. More information about the program can be found on Apple’s website. Or, if your institution is already part of the volume purchase program, contact your program administrator for details.

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Bulk Purchasing

If you manage a large music group and would like to deploy forScore across all your players, you might consider enrolling in Apple’s Volume Purchase Program for Business. Learn more at Apple’s Website.
 
Looking for educational pricing? Learn more about Apple’s Volume Purchase Program for Education.

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Connecting your Turn Touch remote

The Turn Touch remote is a Bluetooth LE device that forScore can communicate with directly to turn pages or perform other commands.

First Time Pairing

  • Launch forScore, tap the center of the screen to toggle the control bar, and open the Tools menu (toolbox icon).
  • Choose Devices from the tools menu.
  • Press the top arrow button of the Turn Touch to turn it on.
  • In the list of available devices, select Turn Touch Rem.
  • The remote should pair with forScore immediately.
  • By default, the right and left buttons and up and down buttons will turn pages in forScore. Adjust the page turner and shortcut settings using these instructions, to customize each button for a command in forScore.

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I deleted the app or restored my device. How can I restore my data?

We do not recommend deleting and reinstalling the app unless we explicitly direct you to do so after exhausting all other troubleshooting. If you encounter issues with the app, please contact us first using the form at the left of this page.

Deleting forScore from your device also deletes all files and data associated with forScore (iOS should have warned you about this with an alert requiring you to confirm that you would indeed like to delete the app). However, if you did delete the app, the following methods can be used to attempt to restore your forScore library and data:

If you have a manual backup of your PDF files as well as a forScore 4SB backup file, you can follow the instructions here to restore your library.

If you don’t have a manual backup, you might try restoring your iPad from an iTunes or iCloud backup to see if that also restores your forScore library. Please note, however, that restoring from a full iPad backup restores your entire iPad, not just one app, and these backups aren’t guaranteed to contain all of your forScore data. Learn more about restoring from an iTunes or iCloud backup on Apple’s Support site.

If neither of these methods are available or successful, then unfortunately there’s no other way to restore your library. To safeguard your data, we highly recommend backing up your library on a regular basis using these instructions.

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Preventing finger input while drawing

If you’re using Apple Pencil (1st or 2nd generation) or Logitech Crayon to annotate, iOS provides great palm rejection right out of the box. While the system is good at ignoring unintentional touches, there’s still a chance that your fingers can make stray markings while you draw with one of these styluses. If that’s the case, the “prevent finger drawing” option in the Apple Pencil section of forScore’s settings panel may help. When this setting is enabled and active, you’ll be able to use your fingers to interact with forScore normally (switch tools, zoom in on the page, and tap other interface elements), but only your stylus will be able to draw markings on the page.

Because your stylus isn’t always around, and because Apple doesn’t give developers an efficient way of checking whether or not a stylus is currently connected, forScore uses different techniques to determine when to apply this setting or not. In previous versions of forScore (10.0-10.4.9), this setting only worked if you entered annotation mode by tapping the page with your stylus.

As of forScore 10.5, forScore simply tracks the last time the stylus touched the screen. As long as you’ve used your stylus within the last 15 minutes, finger drawing will be prevented no matter how you activate annotation mode. If you need to re-enable finger drawing because your stylus is out of reach or out of power, tap the new hand icon in the center of the annotation toolbar. If you do, you’ll be able to continue drawing with your fingers until the next time you use your stylus.

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Using menu search and filters

In many of forScore’s menus, you can drag the list downward to reveal a search bar that allows you to quickly find exactly what you’re looking for in that list by showing items whose title or certain metadata match your query.

When you’re viewing a list of items in the Score, Bookmark, or Setlist menus, you’ll also see a filter icon on the right-hand side of the search bar that allows you to narrow down that list of items by more advanced rules. Tap this button to show the Filters interface. (A similar Filter button is also available to the left of the search bar in forScore’s global Search panel.)

This interface features two sections: the Filters section contains any rules you’ve set up and allows you to add new ones, and the Recent section allows you to quickly reuse recent rules. Tap the + button to create a new rule, then tap to select one or more Composers, Genres, Tags, Labels, or Setlists. At the bottom of the panel, you’ll see the “matching rule” which defines how forScore should interpret your rule.

With only one category or setlist selected, you’ll be able to tap here to toggle between two modes: Contains (shows items that belong to that category or setlist) and Not (shows items that don’t belong to that category or setlist). With multiple categories or setlists selected, these modes change to Matches Any (shows items that belong to at least one category or setlist), Matches All (only shows items that match all of the selected categories or setlists), and Not (shows items that do not belong to all of the selected categories or setlists).

Tap the Done button when you’re finished setting up your rules and you’ll be returned to your list with the results now narrowed down accordingly. A blue bar below the signals that the list is currently being filtered, and you can tap here to remove the filters when you’re done.

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Recovering deleted scores and setlists

forScore 10.5 and forScore mini 3.5 include a recovery feature that can help you restore scores or setlists you’ve recently removed from your library. When you use forScore’s menus to delete these items, they’re moved out of your library to a temporary location. If you need to recover one or more items, open forScore’s Tools menu and choose Backup, then tap “Recently Deleted” to access them. Tap an item to recover it, or swipe to delete and permanently erase it. Items are permanently erased automatically after seven days.

Tap the Edit button in this panel to recover or erase multiple items. While in edit mode, you’ll see two additional buttons in the bottom toolbar: a trash can icon and a recover icon. Tap either of these icons to select all items and prompt to recover or permanently erase them, or select one or more items first to recover or erase just those items.

Only items set aside by forScore can be recovered. If you use iTunes’ file sharing panel or iOS’ Files app to delete items, they won’t be moved to this location and you won’t be able to recover them. If you delete forScore from your device, all of your information goes with it and cannot be recovered using this method. We don’t store a copy of your files and can’t help you get them back if they’re erased.

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Taking and sending a screen shot to forScore Support

Sometimes providing a screen shot can help us visualize the issue you’re seeing and better diagnose the problem. To take a screen shot:

  • Press the sleep button and home button on your device simultaneously to take a screenshot of what’s currently being displayed
  • The screen will flash white and save the image directly to your device’s photo library
  • Locate the image in your Photos app, and send it via email to support at forscoreapp dot com

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Automatic backups are not working

The size of backup files largely depends on the volume and complexity of any annotations that you’ve added to your scores. If your device repeatedly runs out of memory while trying to create a backup file and crashes, forScore will deactivate the automatic backup feature to prevent further crashes.

If you’re experiencing this issue, you might consider removing or exporting any unnecessary or seldom-used scores as 4SC files (so they’ll include your annotations and metadata) and save them to your computer or to a file service through the Tools menu. That way you can re-add them easily when necessary while keeping your backup contents minimized.

If you’re not planning on making any changes to a score that you’ve annotated, consider archiving it using the Share or Services functions in the tools menu. These export options can create a PDF with permanent annotations that cannot be changed and won’t need to be backed up separately.

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Deleting bookmarks

If you need to remove a bookmark, you can delete it either from the main score menu or from within the bookmark menu itself without removing or changing the bookmark’s source file.

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Using Drag and Drop with scores and bookmarks

You can drag scores and bookmarks from many of forScore’s list views, including the Score menu, the Bookmarks menu, the contents of a setlist in the Setlist menu, search results in the Search panel, and you can drag the current item out of the main view’s title display.

Opening Items

Drop a single score or bookmark into the main view’s title display to open it, or drag one or more items into the Tab bar to open them in tabs. If the Tab bar isn’t already visible, it will slide out when you drag an item over the page so you can access it if needed.

Setlists

Use Drag and Drop to create or update setlists in several different ways: Drop one or more items into the Setlists menu to create a new setlist with those items. Drop them onto an existing setlist to add them to the end of it, or hover over a setlist for a few moments to open it. Drop items into a setlist’s contents to add them to that setlist at a specific point.

Services

While viewing a directory in the Services panel, drop one or more scores into the list to upload them. You’ll be asked to choose which format you’d like to use (PDF, annotated PDF, or 4SC file) before the upload begins.

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Using Drag and Drop with setlists

Rearranging Setlists

Typically, setlists or their items can be arranged by tapping “edit” and then dragging the three horizontal lines on the right-hand side of the cell up or down as needed. With Drag and Drop, there’s no need to enter “edit” mode first—simply tap and hold any part of the item until it lifts up and out of the list, then drag up or down as needed. Other items in the list will move out of the way, allowing you to drop your item when it’s over the right spot.

Note: rearranging setlists and their items can only be done when viewing them in “manual” sort order.

You can also use Drag and Drop to move setlists into or out of folders. Drop a setlist onto a folder to move it into that folder, or hover over the folder for a few moments (or tap on it with another finger) to open it and place the setlist at a specific spot. Or, drag a setlist and tap the menu’s back button with another finger to move it out of a folder and drop it back into the root list.

Creating Setlists

To create a new setlist, drop one or more scores or bookmarks into the main Setlists list and supply a name. To add items to an existing setlist, drop them onto the setlist’s name and they’ll be added to the end of that list. Or, hover over a setlist (or tap it) to open it, then drop the items into the list at a specific point. You can even drag items out from one setlist and into another one to copy items between them.

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Using Drag and Drop to import and share files

On iPad, Drag and Drop isn’t just restricted to the same app—you can also drag compatible files into forScore to import them or from forScore to another app to share them. When combined with the iPad’s Split View and Slide Over multitasking modes, working with files and copying them between apps becomes even easier.

Importing Files

Many apps (including iOS 11’s Files app) allow you to drag files out of them and into any other app that supports that particular file type. Drag one or more compatible files from one of these apps and drop it into forScore to import it.

Drag one or more PDF, 4SC, or text files into forScore and drop them onto the page to import them and open the last one, or drag them into the main menu to import them without opening them. Drag files into the main setlist menu to import the items and create a new setlist with them, drag them onto a setlist to import them and add them to the end of that list, or drop them right into a setlist to import them and then add them to that setlist at that specific point.

You can also import 4SS, 4SB, and CSV files by dragging them into the setlist menu, the backups panel, and the indexes list (respectively). You can also drag audio files into the audio file picker, the recordings list, or right into the audio tab of the metadata panel to import them and associate them with the current score.

Sharing Files

Drag any of your scores out from the main menu, setlist menu, or the search panel into any PDF-compatible app to send a copy of the original file (without annotations) to that app. If you need to send an annotated PDF or a 4SC file, continue using the standard sharing functions you’re used to.

You can also drag tracks out of the audio file picker, recordings browser, media box, or the metadata panel. Copy CSV files and forScore backups out of the Indexes and Backup panels, respectively. In each of these cases you can drag the associated file or files out to any other app that’s compatible with that particular file type. A new copy is sent to the other app, so your forScore library remains unchanged.

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Using Drag and Drop with audio tracks

Importing and Sharing Files

forScore uses Drag and Drop to help you import or share audio files. Drag them into and out of the audio file picker to import or export them, or drag files from another app onto the media box to import them and link them to the current score or bookmark. If the current track in forScore’s media box is a locally stored file, you can also drag the track’s title to send a copy to another app. Tracks linked from the Music app cannot be shared.

Linking Tracks

You can also use Drag and Drop to associate tracks with scores or bookmarks in your library. Drag a track out from the metadata panel’s audio track list, the audio picker, or the media box’s title text. Navigate to a different score or bookmark and drop it into the media box to link it, or open the metadata panel to the correct piece and drop it into the audio track list. This can be done with any track, whether it’s locally stored or it comes from the system’s shared Music library.

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Using Drag and Drop with services

In the Services panel, use Drag and Drop to move files between folders. Tap and hold to begin dragging a file, then select any other files you want to move (from the current directory or from other directories) if necessary. Drop them onto a folder to move them into it, or into the list to move them to the current directory.

Drop one or more scores, setlists, audio files, backups, or CSV files into the Services panel to upload them to the currently visible directory. You’ll be asked to choose which format you’d like to use, if applicable, before the upload begins.

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About iPad multitasking

Since iOS 9, iPad users have been able to use Split View and Slide Over multitasking modes to work with multiple apps more easily. With iOS 11’s addition of the dock and Drag and Drop gestures, things have gotten even more powerful. Apple’s support article explores this topic more generally, and it’s the best place to learn how to use all of iOS’ multitasking features.

forScore has supported Split View and Slide Over multitasking modes since iOS 9’s release, and we updated forScore to deeply integrate with Apple’s Drag and Drop gestures ahead of iOS 11’s launch. Use both to work more efficiently and naturally than ever before.

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