Support

At A Glance

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Common Questions (11)

Backing up your data to your computer

This article provides step-by-step instructions for backing up your information using forScore’s backup utility, but it’s also important to understand where your data is stored and how forScore works with iOS backups, iCloud, and your computer. For more information on these topics, visit this page.

Note: this article references 4SB Archives which are available as of forScore 10.4.7 and forScore mini 3.4.7. Archives take up significantly more storage space on your device and may not be available in all situations. Learn more about the difference between 4SB backups and archives here.

Using iTunes

This method is the fastest and most reliable way of backing up your data. We recommend using this process whenever possible.

  • In forScore, open the Tools menu and choose Backup.
  • Tap the + button to create a new backup (recommended) or an archive, if available.
  • Connect your device to your computer with its USB cable and access the iTunes File Sharing panel.
  • If you created an archive, select it from the list. If you created a backup file, select all of the files in the documents panel by clicking on one and pressing Ctrl-A (PC) or Command-A (Mac).
  • Click the “Save To…” button and specify a location on your computer. The transfer begins immediately (see the progress bar near the top of the iTunes window). Once the progress bar finishes, it is safe to disconnect your device.

Using the Services panel

You can also back up your library to a supported cloud service through forScore’s Services panel. When using this method, we strongly encourage using Archives instead of Backups since only a single file needs to be uploaded and ensures that you don’t end up with an incomplete backup of your library.

  • In forScore, open the Tools menu and choose Backup.
  • Tap the + button to create a new backup or archive (recommended, if available).
  • Return to the Tools menu and choose Services, select your account if not already visible, and navigate to your preferred upload directory.
  • If you created an archive:
    • Tap the + button, navigate to the “Backups” tab, select your archive and choose “Upload” to begin the transfer.
  • If you created a backup:
    • Tap the + button, navigate to the “Backups” tab, select the backup you just created and choose “Upload” to begin the transfer.
    • Tap the + button again, navigate to the “Scores” tab, tap “All” in the lower left-hand corner to select all files. Ensure that the upload format is “PDF” in the bottom right-hand corner, then choose “Upload” to begin the transfer.
    • Tap the + button and navigate to the “Audio” tab. If any files listed, tap “All” in the lower left-hand corner to select all of them and choose “Upload” to begin the transfer.
    • Repeat the last step for the upload picker’s “Other” tab, if necessary.

Please don’t leave your hard work up to chance, back up regularly!

If you ever need to restore your data from a forScore backup, see this article: Restoring your library from a forScore backup file

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How do I annotate behind the toolbar at the top of the page?

While you’re annotating, forScore displays a toolbar so you can change drawing presets, tools, save or cancel your changes, or move between pages. This toolbar covers up part of the page, so you’ll need to move it when you want to annotate near the top of the screen.

On either side of the toolbar you’ll see a set of three horizontal lines. This is a standard iOS control that signifies when something can be moved up or down, for instance when reordering items in a list. Tap and drag this control up or down to move the annotation controls out of the way and they’ll stay there until you move them again (even if you exit and re-enter annotation mode later).

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Why is there a blue line across my page?

When your device is in portrait orientation, half-page turns allow you to see the top half of the next page while finishing up the bottom half of the current page. This feature can be enabled by tapping on the circled “1/2” button in the main control bar. Tap it once to enable half-page turns (it will turn blue) and tap it again to disable them (it will turn gray).

A blue horizontal divider shows you where the page is split so you don’t get lost, and you can reposition this divider vertically by dragging the three horizontal lines up or down. The divider’s position is saved per page of score, so you can set it once to the most convenient location for each turn and it’ll always split in that same spot.

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Can I brighten a bad scan or copy and paste measures between pages?

PDF files are designed to display their information predictably and to look the same no matter which device or operating system you use to view it. The file extension stands for “portable document format,” and it’s generally only meant to be read, not modified (except for in certain specific cases, like forms with fields).

Although PDF files can be created from images, you can’t work with them the same way you might work with an image file. Instead of pixels, PDF files think in terms of vectors and points—relative measurements rather than concrete ones. They often include highly specific data that can’t be conveyed through an image, like web links, multimedia, or computer-readable text.

What this means for apps like forScore is that while we can allow users to take photos and make adjustments to brightness and contrast, once those images are saved into a PDF file those kinds of changes can no longer be made safely. As a result, any issues with your scans must be corrected before you create your PDF file.

For the same reasons, copying and pasting measures isn’t practical with an app like forScore. We provide additional tools that let you augment how your document is displayed (by adding annotations, for example), but we can’t modify the document itself in the same ways.

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Why do bookmarks stop me from turning the page?

When you create a bookmark in forScore, you can either specify an “end page” number or you can simply leave it blank. There are important differences in how forScore works depending on which choice you make.

If you leave the end page blank, the bookmark works like an easy reference to a specific page. Select it from the Bookmarks menu and you’ll go to the corresponding page, but everything else will stay the same—you can turn pages backward and forward throughout the entire score just like you’d expect.

If you supply an end page, you’ll be creating a kind of “virtual score” in your forScore library. This is intended to help people split up multiple works within a single PDF file without having to actually separate the pages into many different files. It treats a specific range of pages as a different piece in your library, so when you select it from the Bookmarks menu you’ll only be able to work with those pages. For instance, if your bookmark starts on page 3 and ends on page 5, you won’t be able to turn backwards from page 3 to 2, or forward from 5 to 6.

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General Troubleshooting (21)

Overriding your device’s sleep setting

In the settings panel you’ll find a forScore-specific option called “Auto-lock”. If enabled, forScore will allow your device’s screen to dim then sleep if it’s set up to do so. If you disable this option, forScore will override the device’s settings and prevent it from going to sleep as long as forScore is visible on the screen.

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Half-page turns

When your device is in portrait orientation, half-page turns allow you to see the top half of the next page while finishing up the bottom half of the current page. This feature can be enabled by tapping on the circled “1/2” button in the main control bar. Tap it once to enable half-page turns (it will turn blue) and tap it again to disable them (it will turn gray).

A blue horizontal divider shows you where the page is split so you don’t get lost, and you can reposition this divider vertically by dragging the three horizontal lines up or down. The divider’s position is saved per page of score, so you can set it once to the most convenient location for each turn and it’ll always split in that same spot.

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Virtual keyboard won’t appear

iOS disables the virtual on-screen keyboard whenever most page turners are connected, because many page turners use a “keyboard” device profile. Disconnecting your device will allow the virtual keyboard to reappear when it is needed, and the devices listed below include an additional hardware workaround that can allow you to use the device and the virtual keyboard at the same time:

AirTurn BT-105 (firmware v1.22 or later) or BT-106, Duo, Quad

After connecting your device via the Bluetooth section of the Settings app, open forScore and tap to activate the text field you’d like to type in. Then, press the red power button. Once that’s done, you should be able to use the virtual keyboard and still turn pages normally. Be aware that pressing the virtual keyboard’s “hide” button in the lower right-hand corner will undo this workaround, and you’ll need to repeat these steps to continue to use the virtual keyboard. For a video demonstration of this feature, visit AirTurn’s website.

AirTurn PED (if used in mode 2 or higher)

After connecting your device via the Bluetooth section of the Settings app, open forScore and tap to activate the text field you’d like to type in. Then, press the keyboard button on the PED device. Once that’s done, you should be able to use the virtual keyboard and still turn pages normally. Be aware that pressing the virtual keyboard’s “hide” button in the lower right-hand corner will undo this workaround, and you’ll need to repeat these steps to continue to use the virtual keyboard. If possible, use the AirTurn PED in mode 1 to connect via Bluetooth Smart and avoid this issue entirely.

PageFlip Firefly, Butterfly, Dragonfly, and Cicada revision 4 or later

After connecting your device via the Bluetooth section of the Settings app, open forScore and tap to activate the text field you’d like to type in. Then, press the currently selected mode button (the button with the blinking red light below or next to it). Once that’s done, you should be able to use the virtual keyboard and still turn pages normally. Be aware that pressing the virtual keyboard’s “hide” button in the lower right-hand corner will undo this workaround, and you’ll need to repeat these steps to continue to use the virtual keyboard. Note: Earlier revisions of the PageFlip Cicada do not have any way to toggle the virtual keyboard. If you have an early model of the Cicada, consider updating to a newer PageFlip model.

IKMultimedia iRig BlueTurn

After connecting your device via the Bluetooth section of the Settings app, open forScore and tap to activate the text field you’d like to type in. Press and hold the left (“up” arrow) pad for three seconds to activate the virtual keyboard. Once that’s done, you should be able to use the virtual keyboard and still turn pages normally until you repeat these steps or power cycle your BlueTurn.

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Which version do I have?

We update forScore a lot—in fact, there have been over a hundred updates since we launched in 2010. To find out which version you’re using, open forScore and tap the center of the screen to show the navigation bar (if it isn’t already visible). Tap the toolbox icon in the top right-hand corner of the screen to open forScore’s Tools menu, then choose “Support” near the bottom of the list. The version number should be displayed there, just below forScore’s icon.

Lower down in the support menu, you may be notified if forScore detects that an update is available. If so, tap the update item to visit the App Store app and install the update.

You can also open the App Store app on your device and select the tab called “updates” along the bottom of the screen (don’t see it listed there?). Remember, updates are free for life so as long as you’re signed in with the same account you originally used to purchase forScore, you won’t be charged a second time.

Lastly, your device may be set to download app updates automatically. (Settings app > iTunes & App Store > Automatic Downloads: Updates) Given how much our customers tend to rely on their libraries, we recommend disabling this feature and checking for updates manually so you can install them when you’re ready, instead of immediately before a performance.

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Accessing the iTunes File Sharing panel

Check which version of iTunes you have installed and use the instructions below to access the File Sharing panel and forScore’s documents.

iTunes 12.7 or Newer

Note: Apple removed the App Store and several syncing functions from iTunes 12.7, but the File Sharing panel is still accessible as described below.

  • Connect your iOS device to your computer
  • Open iTunes on your computer
  • Click the small device icon in the upper left corner, next to the library drop-down menu
  • Click the “File Sharing” item that appears in the left sidebar under Settings
  • Choose forScore from the list of apps to see a panel on the right showing all of forScore’s documents

iTunes 12.0 through 12.6.3.6

  • Connect your iOS device to your computer
  • Open iTunes on your computer
  • >Click the small device icon in the upper left corner, next to the library drop-down menu
  • Click the “Apps” button in the left sidebar that appears below the device info
  • Scroll down in the main window if needed to where it says “File Sharing”
  • Choose forScore from the list of apps to see a panel on the right showing all of forScore’s documents

iTunes 11 or earlier

  • Connect your iOS device to your computer
  • Open iTunes on your computer
  • Select your device from the list of devices, as if you were going to adjust the syncing settings
  • Click the “Apps” button near the top center of the iTunes window (next to Summary and Tones)
  • Scroll down in the main window to where it says “File Sharing”
  • Choose forScore from the list of apps to see a panel on the right showing all of forScore’s documents

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Before You Buy (12)

Transposing and music playback

Since forScore relies on user-supplied pdf files that could come from any source (scanned, exported from another program, or even handwritten), it doesn’t have the ability to detect notes on a page, so it isn’t able to transpose the music or play back the notes for you.

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Minimum Requirements

forScore requires iOS 9 or later, which is compatible with every iPad except for the original iPad 1 (models A1219 and A1337). All other iPad models, including iPad Air, iPad Pro, and iPad mini are currently supported. Existing customers who purchased forScore before certain dates can still download and use these last compatible, unsupported versions of forScore if needed:

iOS 5/6: version 5.1.5 if purchased prior to October 7, 2013
iOS 7: version 10.0.4 if purchased prior to September 13, 2016
iOS 8: version 10.2.6 if purchased prior to September 19, 2017

forScore mini requires iOS 9 or later, which is compatible with the iPhone 4S or newer and the iPod Touch (5th generation or newer). Existing customers who purchased forScore mini prior to September 19, 2017, can still download and use forScore 10.2.6 with their devices running iOS 8.

We do not make forScore for any other platforms, such as Mac OS X, Windows, or Android.

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Compatible file types

PDF Scores

You can view virtually any PDF file with forScore, and use a wide range of free applications for every major platform to convert other files to the PDF format. forScore also works with password-protected PDF files, and will prompt you for the password the first time you open it, then store that password in your iOS Keychain so you don’t need to enter it every time. Note that some PDF files are restricted and require special software, so we can’t guarantee compatibility.

Additional Formats

forScore supports many popular audio file formats so you can import tracks and associate them with specific scores for easy access. Audio track support is determined by Apple and is subject to change at any time, but generally includes MP3, AIFF, AAC, ALAC, WAV, and M4A files. As of version 10.2, forScore also supports importing comma-separated values (CSV) files for use with the Bookmarks menu’s Indexes feature. Finally, forScore’s custom 4SB format allows you to create and restore from backups of forScore’s metadata, setlists, settings, annotations, and more.

Transport Formats

Some files can be imported by forScore but are not stored and used as-is. For instance, forScore 7 added the ability to import TXT, RTF, DOC, and DOCX files which are then automatically converted to and stored as PDF files.

forScore also uses two custom formats to share information with other forScore users: 4SC and 4SS files. 4SC files contain a PDF file and additional forScore-specific metadata, editable annotations, and more. When you import a 4SC file into your forScore library, the PDF file is saved to the app’s Documents directory while the other information is stored in forScore’s database and private directories. 4SS files contain setlist information and may include scores as well. Like 4SC files, 4SS files are unpacked and their contents are stored in various locations within forScore.

More detailed technical information regarding forScore’s file type support can be found here.

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Where do I get content?

If you have an existing collection of PDF sheet music on your computer, the easiest way to get started is to transfer your files using iTunes’ file sharing panel. You can also use forScore’s Services panel to upload and download files using iCloud Drive, Dropbox, Google Drive, Microsoft OneDrive, or Box.

When you’re looking for something new to play, Musicnotes.com is the best place to find high-quality, fully licensed scores across a wide range of styles, instruments, and difficulty levels. All of your Musicnotes.com purchases can be accessed through the Services panel and downloaded directly into your forScore library as standard PDF files.

Many apps also allow you to share a PDF file and copy it to your forScore library. For example, you can use Safari to find a score online or use Mail to save an attachment that someone has sent you. Since forScore keeps its own copies of these files, you don’t have to worry about having an internet connection when you’re ready to play.

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Displaying your music on an external display

Mirroring

Connect your device directly to most external displays using the appropriate video adapter (sold separately at Apple retail stores and many other locations). The contents of your device’s screen are mirrored automatically, and no further setup is required.

AirPlay video mirroring is built into iOS and can be used to wirelessly display your device’s screen on any compatible device on the same network (such as an AppleTV). Swipe up from the bottom of your screen to access Control Center, then tap the AirPlay icon to choose a video-capable device.

TV Output

The following legacy feature has been retired and is hidden by default as of forScore 10.4 and forScore mini 3.4. For most users, mirroring provides a better solution for displaying music on an external display.

If you have an iPad 1 (which does not support mirroring) you can enable an alternate video output system by selecting “TV Output” from the tools menu. Note that this feature is heavily outdated and relies on older technologies to display your music. It is incompatible with features like half-page turns and it offers poor performance compared to mirroring. Its usage is discouraged.

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Getting Started (23)

Overriding your device’s sleep setting

In the settings panel you’ll find a forScore-specific option called “Auto-lock”. If enabled, forScore will allow your device’s screen to dim then sleep if it’s set up to do so. If you disable this option, forScore will override the device’s settings and prevent it from going to sleep as long as forScore is visible on the screen.

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Half-page turns

When your device is in portrait orientation, half-page turns allow you to see the top half of the next page while finishing up the bottom half of the current page. This feature can be enabled by tapping on the circled “1/2” button in the main control bar. Tap it once to enable half-page turns (it will turn blue) and tap it again to disable them (it will turn gray).

A blue horizontal divider shows you where the page is split so you don’t get lost, and you can reposition this divider vertically by dragging the three horizontal lines up or down. The divider’s position is saved per page of score, so you can set it once to the most convenient location for each turn and it’ll always split in that same spot.

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Cropping pages to enlarge your music

Most PDF files contain white space around the edges, but these margins are more important for printing something out rather than displaying it on a screen. To crop individual pages within a PDF file, use Crop tool by following these steps:

  • Open the Tools menu (toolbox icon) and choose Crop
  • The app will attempt to detect the edges of the music and auto-crop the score
  • Use two fingers to zoom in or pan around and enlarge the page further if needed
  • Use the slider in the crop toolbar to adjust the skew of the page if needed
  • Tap the next page arrow to move through the rest of the file and make further page-specific adjustments if needed
  • Tap Crop when finished to save your changes

If you’d like to adjust the margins for all pages in a file at once, learn more about margin adjustment.

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Backing up your data to your computer

This article provides step-by-step instructions for backing up your information using forScore’s backup utility, but it’s also important to understand where your data is stored and how forScore works with iOS backups, iCloud, and your computer. For more information on these topics, visit this page.

Note: this article references 4SB Archives which are available as of forScore 10.4.7 and forScore mini 3.4.7. Archives take up significantly more storage space on your device and may not be available in all situations. Learn more about the difference between 4SB backups and archives here.

Using iTunes

This method is the fastest and most reliable way of backing up your data. We recommend using this process whenever possible.

  • In forScore, open the Tools menu and choose Backup.
  • Tap the + button to create a new backup (recommended) or an archive, if available.
  • Connect your device to your computer with its USB cable and access the iTunes File Sharing panel.
  • If you created an archive, select it from the list. If you created a backup file, select all of the files in the documents panel by clicking on one and pressing Ctrl-A (PC) or Command-A (Mac).
  • Click the “Save To…” button and specify a location on your computer. The transfer begins immediately (see the progress bar near the top of the iTunes window). Once the progress bar finishes, it is safe to disconnect your device.

Using the Services panel

You can also back up your library to a supported cloud service through forScore’s Services panel. When using this method, we strongly encourage using Archives instead of Backups since only a single file needs to be uploaded and ensures that you don’t end up with an incomplete backup of your library.

  • In forScore, open the Tools menu and choose Backup.
  • Tap the + button to create a new backup or archive (recommended, if available).
  • Return to the Tools menu and choose Services, select your account if not already visible, and navigate to your preferred upload directory.
  • If you created an archive:
    • Tap the + button, navigate to the “Backups” tab, select your archive and choose “Upload” to begin the transfer.
  • If you created a backup:
    • Tap the + button, navigate to the “Backups” tab, select the backup you just created and choose “Upload” to begin the transfer.
    • Tap the + button again, navigate to the “Scores” tab, tap “All” in the lower left-hand corner to select all files. Ensure that the upload format is “PDF” in the bottom right-hand corner, then choose “Upload” to begin the transfer.
    • Tap the + button and navigate to the “Audio” tab. If any files listed, tap “All” in the lower left-hand corner to select all of them and choose “Upload” to begin the transfer.
    • Repeat the last step for the upload picker’s “Other” tab, if necessary.

Please don’t leave your hard work up to chance, back up regularly!

If you ever need to restore your data from a forScore backup, see this article: Restoring your library from a forScore backup file

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Using Margin Adjustment to remove white space

Most PDF files contain white space around the edges, but these margins are more important for printing something out rather than displaying it on a screen. The margin adjustment slider allows you to zoom in equally towards the center of every page of that score at once. It doesn’t affect the original file, so you can still print it out later if you need to.

  • Open the metadata panel for the item you’d like to adjust (tap the title display for the current item or tap the round arrow button to the right of an item in a menu)
  • Make sure the “Layout” tab is selected about 2/3 down the panel
  • Use the slider at the very bottom to make a global adjustment to the margins of the file
  • The preview image will update when the slider is released, and you can page through by swiping or tapping the blue arrows to check how the adjustment affects the other pages in the file
  • When finished, tap away from the panel to close it and save the changes

To crop individual pages differently or off-center, consider using the Crop function in the tools menu instead. Note that cropped pages won’t zoom in when you move the margin adjuster.

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forScore mini (2)

forScore vs. forScore mini

We’ve released over a hundred updates to forScore for iPad, and we’ve never charged an upgrade fee or used in-app purchases to unlock additional features. Because of this and the unique challenges we faced when creating forScore mini, the iPad and iPhone/iPod Touch versions of forScore are sold separately.

If you have an iPad (including an iPad mini), you’ll want to check out forScore. If you have an iPhone or iPod Touch, you’ll want to take a look at forScore mini instead. Note that both forScore and forScore mini require iOS 9 or later.

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Sharing files between forScore and forScore mini

You can share your files or copy your entire library from forScore on your iPad to forScore mini on your iPhone or iPod Touch (or vice versa). Use Bluetooth or AirDrop to transfer a few files between devices quickly and directly, upload and download files using your favorite cloud service, or share files via email, send them to other apps, or print them out.

To move your entire music collection from one device to another, click here.

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Adding Files (16)

Adding files using iTunes File Sharing

There are many different ways to add files to your forScore library, but if you’re starting out with forScore and you have an existing collection of PDF files on your computer, iTunes File Sharing is the easiest way to begin. Whether you have a Mac or a PC, as long as you have iTunes installed these instructions should help you get started. Keep in mind that iTunes is frequently updated and some of the instructions or screenshots you’ll find online may be slightly different than what you see at home. In most cases these subtle changes don’t affect the process as described below.

Note: iTunes’ File Sharing interface lets you copy or immediately and permanently delete any file within an app’s Documents directory. Before removing files, be sure you understand how that will affect the app you’re working with (in forScore, deleting a PDF file permanently removes that score from your forScore library).

  • Close forScore on your iOS device
  • Access the iTunes File Sharing panel
  • Click “Add…” in the documents panel to open a file browser
  • Choose one or more files from the file browser
  • OR, drag and drop items from a file browser window over the documents panel
  • The file transfer will start automatically, with a progress bar displaying at the top of the iTunes window
  • When finished, you may disconnect your device and launch forScore

Unlike syncing music or other data to your device, copying files to and from an app through the iTunes File Sharing panel happens immediately. As soon as the progress bar is completed your files have been transferred and there’s no need to sync your device before disconnecting it and using forScore to access your files.

About Folders

When the iPad and iTunes File Sharing were first introduced, they were designed to work with files only and not with folders. Although recent iTunes updates have eased these restrictions slightly, working with folders in iTunes is very limited and there’s no way to view a folder’s contents without copying it back to your computer first. Based on Apple’s original guidance, forScore was designed to work similarly and continues to work this way today—it recognizes files placed within its documents directory but ignores any subdirectories. If you have files organized into folders on your computer, you’ll need to copy each folder’s contents into forScore separately and handle any filename conflicts as they arise.

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Tips for scanning your hard copy sheet music

Most scanner software will allow you to create a PDF file directly from individual page scans, but keep in mind that forScore’s performance can vary widely based on the characteristics of the files you’re using. Keep your file sizes low by choosing a dpi of around 100-150 (up to 300 if you’ll need to zoom in often to see small details or if you have a device with a Retina display), and consider using a grayscale setting since color information typically isn’t very important for score. Each combination of scanner hardware and software is different, so try a few different test files to find the best balance between quality and performance to suit your own needs.
 
Note: most scanner software also has an option to “append” or create “multi-page” PDFs. We highly recommend using this feature to combine all pages from a score into a single file, rather than keeping each page as a separate file.

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Compatible file types

PDF Scores

You can view virtually any PDF file with forScore, and use a wide range of free applications for every major platform to convert other files to the PDF format. forScore also works with password-protected PDF files, and will prompt you for the password the first time you open it, then store that password in your iOS Keychain so you don’t need to enter it every time. Note that some PDF files are restricted and require special software, so we can’t guarantee compatibility.

Additional Formats

forScore supports many popular audio file formats so you can import tracks and associate them with specific scores for easy access. Audio track support is determined by Apple and is subject to change at any time, but generally includes MP3, AIFF, AAC, ALAC, WAV, and M4A files. As of version 10.2, forScore also supports importing comma-separated values (CSV) files for use with the Bookmarks menu’s Indexes feature. Finally, forScore’s custom 4SB format allows you to create and restore from backups of forScore’s metadata, setlists, settings, annotations, and more.

Transport Formats

Some files can be imported by forScore but are not stored and used as-is. For instance, forScore 7 added the ability to import TXT, RTF, DOC, and DOCX files which are then automatically converted to and stored as PDF files.

forScore also uses two custom formats to share information with other forScore users: 4SC and 4SS files. 4SC files contain a PDF file and additional forScore-specific metadata, editable annotations, and more. When you import a 4SC file into your forScore library, the PDF file is saved to the app’s Documents directory while the other information is stored in forScore’s database and private directories. 4SS files contain setlist information and may include scores as well. Like 4SC files, 4SS files are unpacked and their contents are stored in various locations within forScore.

More detailed technical information regarding forScore’s file type support can be found here.

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Moving PDFs from iBooks to forScore

If you previously kept your PDF files in iBooks, or accidentally added them into iBooks through iTunes, you can transfer them from your computer into forScore. Here are some instructions for that process using a Mac computer, with the iBooks app installed:

  1. Connect your device to your computer
  2. On your computer, open the iBooks app, click Collections in the top section, then choose PDFs from the left sidebar
  3. Select the files you’re like to transfer, then click and drag them to your computer’s desktop
  4. In iTunes, access the iTunes File Sharing panel
  5. Drag the file(s) from your desktop into the panel that appears to the right of the forScore symbol
  6. The file(s) will be copied to your device automatically

If you use a PC, iBooks are stored in the iBooks section of your iTunes library. Browse the library to locate the PDF files you’ve added, then click and drag them to your desktop to copy the files there. Once you’ve finished, follow steps 4-7 above to add them to forScore.

If you have purchased music through the iBooks Store, there is no way to transfer those files to forScore due to proprietary file formats and copy restrictions.

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Using cloud services

Use online storage services to store and access any scores you don’t have room for on your device, to share music with friends and colleagues, or to manually back up your most important files. While we provide access to some third-party services through our app, we have no control over their service or terms and conditions, both of which are subject to change at any time. Please be sure to visit their respective websites if you have any questions prior to signing up for or using these services.

The Services Panel

Getting Started

forScore’s Services panel allows you to access and work with files stored in your Dropbox, Google Drive, Microsoft OneDrive (personal), or Box accounts. (The “iCloud Drive” or “Files” service is discussed in the next section.) Tap the + button in the top left-hand corner to pick which services you use. When you’re done, select any of your preferred services from the account list to log in and begin using it. Services ask you to log in as you start using them, or if your credentials expire.

Once you’ve successfully logged in, you’ll be able to navigate through your folders and see your files. You can upload, download, move, and delete many of the file types forScore supports, including PDF files, forScore-specific (4SC, 4SS, and 4SB) files, comma-separated (CSV) files, and many audio file formats. You can also download some kinds of text files (TXT, RTF, DOC, and DOCX) and they’ll be automatically converted to PDFs once they’ve been downloaded. Unsupported or unrecognized file types are greyed out.

Downloading Files

Tap on a file to download it and a copy will be saved into your forScore library. If a file with the same name already exists in your library, you’ll be asked to duplicate or overwrite the file, or to cancel the transfer. Tap the stop button in the middle of the progress wheel to cancel a file transfer.

To download all files within a folder:

  • View the folder you’d like to download from
  • Tap the Edit button in the upper right corner of the panel
  • Tap the “select all” button along the bottom of the panel (a circled check mark)
  • Tap the “download” button (cloud with an arrow pointing down out of it) to start downloading the selected files

If you have setlists in your current forScore library, you can also download one or more scores and add them to a specific setlist automatically once they’re finished. Swipe from right to left over a single score and choose “Download…” to see a list of options: download the item normally, download it to the last setlist you were viewing in the Setlists menu, or choose any setlist from a complete list. To download multiple files into a setlist, tap the Edit button, select your files, and tap the download icon at the bottom of the panel—the rest of the process is the same.

Moving Files

While in edit mode, tap to select one or more files, then choose “Move” from the control bar. The selected files will turn blue, and you’ll be able to select directories or use the back button to navigate to the desired destination. When you’re ready, tap the “Move” button once again to send the selected files to the current directory.

Uploading Files

To upload files, tap the + button at the bottom of the panel. This presents a searchable list of all the files in your library that can be uploaded, with separate tabs for scores, setlists, audio files, backups, and other file types such as CSV indexes. Depending on which tab you’ve selected, you may also see additional upload options in the bottom right-hand corner of the upload picker. When viewing scores, for instance, you can choose to upload the original PDF file as-is, a forscore-specific (4SC) file that includes editable annotations and additional information, or as a flattened PDF file with non-editable annotations. Tap one or more files to select them, then tap the “Upload” button in the upper right corner of the menu to begin the upload process. If you would like to select all files, tap the All button at the bottom of the panel.

Drag and Drop

If you’re using iOS 11, you can also use Drag and Drop gestures to upload items or move files between folders:

To move files, tap and hold your finger over any supported file until it animates up and then drag your finger away to begin. While continuing to drag the first file, tap additional items to collect them, if desired, then drop them onto a folder to move them there or use your other fingers to navigate into and out of folders as needed until you’re viewing the target location, then drop the files to finish moving them.

To upload, drag one or more scores, setlists, or other supported files from forScore’s various menus into the Services panel and drop them into the list to upload them there or use your other fingers to navigate to the correct location first. If necessary, you’ll be asked to choose which format you want to use once you drop your files into the Services panel.

Files, iCloud Drive, and Other Providers

With iOS 11, Apple introduced the Files app which gives you access to your files, whether they’re stored on your device or in iCloud Drive. Third party apps and services can also choose to make their content available through the Files app (called “File Providers”). You continue to use the same interface you’re used to within the Files app, but behind the scenes that third-party app is doing the work of updating and maintaining your documents wherever they’re stored. Major cloud services such as Dropbox, Google Drive, Box, Microsoft OneDrive, SugarSync, and Amazon Drive have all updated their apps to work this way, and other apps such as FileExplorer and FileBrowser let you configure and connect to many different locations including servers that use FTP, SFTP, or WebDAV.

For iPad users, Split View and Slide Over multitasking modes and Drag and Drop gestures give you incredible flexibility to work with your files however you like. You can also use iOS’ standard sharing functions to copy files between apps, and you can learn more about working with the Files app here.

forScore also allows you to access the Files (or older iCloud Drive) app interface—and any third-party File Providers—through the Services panel so you can perform quick tasks without leaving the app. This special service, called “Files” or “iCloud Drive” depending on which version of forScore and iOS you’re using, works differently from other services since Apple limits developer’s access to your content. Unlike with other services, which provide a list of files and allow you to upload or download files from there, Apple’s service is purpose-driven: to begin you must choose whether you want to download or upload files, but you cannot do both at the same time.

Since this interface is generated by Apple, it may change at any time. For additional or updated information, please visit this Apple Support article.

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Organizing Your Music (10)

Merging two or more files

With version 5 of forScore and later, you can merge multiple files into a single PDF:

  • Open the score menu and navigate to a view that shows all of the files you’d like to combine
  • Tap the edit button in the upper right corner of the menu
  • Tap to select the files you would like to combine in order from first to last
  • Tap the Merge button that appears when multiple PDFs are selected
  • The app will then prompt you to name the merged file and ask if you’d like to retain the source PDFs, then begin the merge operation

Please note: Merging files is limited to the processing and memory limits of your device, so this process may crash the app if the files being merged are too large for the device to handle. Merging only retains the metadata of the first file selected, and any metadata in the subsequent files will be omitted/deleted.

Lastly, if you need to change the location of one of the PDFs (e.g. place a missing page in the middle of an existing score), you can then use the Rearrange tool to edit the page order.

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Managing a score’s setlist and library membership

The “setlists” tab in the metadata panel lets you quickly manage which setlists the current score is a part of. Tap a setlist to add the current score to it (a blue checkbox will appear) and tap it again to remove it. If you have multiple libraries set up, a similar “libraries” panel lets you manage library membership in the same manner.

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Understanding the setlist menu

Unlike the score menu, which automatically generates and sorts its contents, the setlist menu is completely manual. Create a setlist by tapping the + button and supplying a title, and rename or move it up or down at any time by tapping the “edit” button. Tap on any setlist to view or edit its contents.

The main list of setlists and the contents of each individual setlist can be sorted manually, alphabetically, or by least-recently played (fresh). In addition, individual setlists can be sorted randomly and shuffled at any time: drag the list downward until you see the refresh control, then let go to re-shuffle the queue.

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Using Console to access your library from your computer

Console is an app-hosted web interface that allows you to access your forScore library from the web browser on your computer, making it easy to edit metadata and organize your library from the comfort of your desk and a keyboard. This feature is available in the Tools menu in forScore, and tapping on it provides instructions for authorizing and accessing it through your web browser. Here are some additional tips:

  • If you have a dual-band router, make sure both devices are on the same band/frequency
  • Keep the Console screen open on your iOS device for the duration of your web access
  • Make sure you’re using the latest version of your browser (Safari, Chrome, Firefox, Opera, and Internet Explorer are supported)

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Fetching PDF metadata

PDF files sometimes contain their own information for title, author, subject, and keywords, which can be used by forScore as values for title, composer, genre, and tags respectively. If you’ve already imported a PDF file that might contain metadata, tap “Fetch…” above the keyboard while editing any field to see if any of this information exists and then decide if you’d like to use it or not. To automatically check for and use this information when a new file is added to your library, enable the “automatic fetching for new files” option in forScore’s settings panel.

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Working with Scores (27)

Transferring your forScore library to another device

If you’ve just upgraded to a new device, the best way to get up and running is to follow Apple’s setup instructions and restore from a recent iTunes or iCloud device backup, if available. If that isn’t possible, or if you prefer not to do so, you can use forScore’s Backup panel to migrate your data instead. The following two articles provide step-by-step instructions:

Step 1: Backing up your data to your computer
Step 2: Restoring your library data from a forScore backup file

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Cropping pages to enlarge your music

Most PDF files contain white space around the edges, but these margins are more important for printing something out rather than displaying it on a screen. To crop individual pages within a PDF file, use Crop tool by following these steps:

  • Open the Tools menu (toolbox icon) and choose Crop
  • The app will attempt to detect the edges of the music and auto-crop the score
  • Use two fingers to zoom in or pan around and enlarge the page further if needed
  • Use the slider in the crop toolbar to adjust the skew of the page if needed
  • Tap the next page arrow to move through the rest of the file and make further page-specific adjustments if needed
  • Tap Crop when finished to save your changes

If you’d like to adjust the margins for all pages in a file at once, learn more about margin adjustment.

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Viewing two pages at a time

As of version 5.0, forScore includes an optional two-page or 2-up mode. While holding your device in landscape orientation, use the round button just to the left of the main toolbar’s title to switch between this mode and the default one-page view.

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Merging two or more files

With version 5 of forScore and later, you can merge multiple files into a single PDF:

  • Open the score menu and navigate to a view that shows all of the files you’d like to combine
  • Tap the edit button in the upper right corner of the menu
  • Tap to select the files you would like to combine in order from first to last
  • Tap the Merge button that appears when multiple PDFs are selected
  • The app will then prompt you to name the merged file and ask if you’d like to retain the source PDFs, then begin the merge operation

Please note: Merging files is limited to the processing and memory limits of your device, so this process may crash the app if the files being merged are too large for the device to handle. Merging only retains the metadata of the first file selected, and any metadata in the subsequent files will be omitted/deleted.

Lastly, if you need to change the location of one of the PDFs (e.g. place a missing page in the middle of an existing score), you can then use the Rearrange tool to edit the page order.

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Linking audio to your scores with Music Binding

If you want to use an audio track with a particular piece, you can associate that track with the corresponding sheet music in forScore and control playback directly from within the app. Open the Metadata panel for the score or bookmark and select the “Audio” tab. Tap the round + button to select tracks from your iTunes music library, or tap the rectangular + button to view files stored in the app’s documents directory. (Audio files can be created using the record feature, imported from other apps, or transferred via iTunes file sharing.)

The media box updates every time you turn the page, disappearing if there is no track associated with the current score or bookmark, so you don’t have to spend time looking through your audio library every time you want to listen to it—just press play.

If multiple tracks are associated with the current score, swipe left and right over the album artwork to move between them.

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Working with Bookmarks (7)

Creating bookmarks

In the bookmarks menu (the open book icon), press the + button at the top to open the bookmark creator, and type in a title as well as start and end pages. If something is wrong with the values you’ve entered, the bookmark validator will alert you. Once any errors have been corrected, tap the Save button to finalize your bookmark.

Tip: to create a traditional bookmark that simply opens your file to a particular page, leave the “to” page field empty. Note that these bookmarks are not listed in the score menu.

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Extracting bookmarks as separate PDFs

If you would like to save a particular bookmark as its own PDF file, view the bookmark you’d like to save, then open the Rearrange tool and choose “Save As…”, then specify a file name. You can also use the share panel to extract a bookmark directly as either a 4SC or PDF file and send it to someone else.

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Understanding forScore bookmarks

Bookmarks are a great way to work with a particular section within one of your existing files. They show up just like any other item in the score menu, start and stop on the pages you specify, and can even have their own metadata (including audio tracks).

They also show up in the bookmarks menu, which only shows bookmarks for the score you’re currently viewing. You can sort them by page number, alphabetically, or search for a particular title.

The only major difference between a file and a bookmark is that all bookmarks depend on their source file (so if you delete the original file, all of its bookmarks will disappear as well).

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Importing bookmarks

If your PDF file already contains a table of contents, you may be able to use this information to create bookmarks. Tap the edit button, then choose “Import” to scan for any usable information.

If you prefer to use a PDF’s table of contents directly, simply choose the third sort type, “TOC,” and you’ll be able to quickly navigate to any section by selecting it from the list.

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Editing bookmarks

To edit a bookmark, tap the round arrow button next to it just like you normally would for any other score. The metadata panel will open up, and two additional fields will be available next to the title field for start and end page. These values can be changed at any time, along with the other standard metadata values.

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Working with Setlists (7)

Rearranging Setlists

In the Setlists menu, with the “Manual” sort order selected, you can arrange your setlists or their contents by tapping the Edit button and using the control on the right-hand side of each item (three horizontal lines). Tap and hold the control until the row pops out of the table view, and then drag the score upward or downward. You can also do this from within the full screen setlist editor, where the gray bars are always visible in the setlist column.

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Managing a score’s setlist and library membership

The “setlists” tab in the metadata panel lets you quickly manage which setlists the current score is a part of. Tap a setlist to add the current score to it (a blue checkbox will appear) and tap it again to remove it. If you have multiple libraries set up, a similar “libraries” panel lets you manage library membership in the same manner.

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Understanding the setlist menu

Unlike the score menu, which automatically generates and sorts its contents, the setlist menu is completely manual. Create a setlist by tapping the + button and supplying a title, and rename or move it up or down at any time by tapping the “edit” button. Tap on any setlist to view or edit its contents.

The main list of setlists and the contents of each individual setlist can be sorted manually, alphabetically, or by least-recently played (fresh). In addition, individual setlists can be sorted randomly and shuffled at any time: drag the list downward until you see the refresh control, then let go to re-shuffle the queue.

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Sharing a setlist

If you’re using setlists as a group, forScore makes it easy to share them with your colleagues, even if they’re using another app. Setlists can be shared from the root view of the setlist menu (that’s the list of all of your setlists, not the contents of a specific setlist). If you’re using forScore 10 or newer, swipe from right to left over the setlist you want to share and choose the gray “Share” option that appears. If you’re using an earlier version of forScore, tap the “Edit” button on the right-hand side of the menu’s navigation bar, then select your setlist and tap “Share” from the options at the top of the list. Either method will present you with the following options:

Text List

For colleagues using paper, a text list might be the best choice. It sends a numbered list of titles and composers.

Setlist Only

If your colleagues are using forScore and already have the PDF files they’ll need, this choice is best. It’s a forScore-specific file type (4SS), and it includes all of the information about your setlist but leaves out the score files themselves.

Include Scores

This also creates a forScore-specific .4SS file, but includes the necessary PDF files as well. It does not include any additional information about each score, however, such as annotations, metadata, and more.

Include Scores & Extras

This also creates a forScore-specific .4SS file, but includes the necessary PDF files and additional information about each score like annotations, metadata, and more.

Merged PDF (forScore 8+)

You can also merge the scores in your setlist into one long PDF file. This option is great for colleagues who are using another music reader.

Annotated Merged PDF (forScore 8+)

Like the last choice, this merges your setlist’s scores into one long PDF file, but this time also includes permanent annotations.

Note: If you’re planning on sharing your setlist via email, you may need to check that the combined file sizes of all the scores in the setlist are smaller than any attachment limit your email provider may have.

Sharing Setlists via Cloud Services

If your setlist file is too large to be sent via email or your group uses a cloud service to share files, you can upload your setlist through the Services panel:

  • Open the Tools menu and choose Services.
  • Navigate through your cloud service’s folders until you’re viewing the folder you’d like to send the file to.
  • Tap the + button at the bottom of the panel.
  • Choose the Setlists view.
  • Tap to select one or more setlists.
  • Tap the Format button in the lower right corner to toggle between the options. In the services panel, only Setlist Only, Include Scores, and Include Scores & Extras are available options.
  • When ready, tap the Upload button in the upper right corner and the upload will begin.
  • Use your cloud service’s sharing functions to share the file or folder with other forScore users.

Sharing Setlists via Bluetooth

You can also use the Bluetooth file transfer panel (in the Tools menu) to send setlists to other nearby iPads. In this case, setlists are listed after all files in your library, so look toward the bottom of the list to locate the setlist you’d like to share.

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Moving setlists between libraries

With forScore 10 or later, use these instructions to manage a single setlist’s library membership:

  • Open the main setlist menu and tap the circled “i” button next to the setlist you want to edit
  • Tap to select a library from the list and a check mark will appear next to it
  • The app will prompt you to move all associated files from that setlist to the corresponding library if applicable
  • Tap the back arrow to return to the setlist menu

If you want to edit multiple setlists at once, or if you’re using forScore 9 or earlier, use these instructions:

  • Open the main setlist menu and tap Edit in the upper right corner
  • Tap to select one or more setlists, then tap the Edit option that appears at the top of the menu
  • Tap to select a library from the list and a check mark will appear next to it
  • The app will prompt you to move all associated files from that setlist to the corresponding library if applicable
  • Tap the back arrow to return to the setlist menu

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Editing Your Scores (15)

Annotating near the top of a page

While you’re annotating, forScore displays a toolbar so you can change drawing presets, tools, save or cancel your changes, or move between pages. This toolbar covers up part of the page, so you’ll need to move it when you want to annotate near the top of the screen.

On either side of the toolbar you’ll see a set of three horizontal lines. This is a standard iOS control that signifies when something can be moved up or down, for instance when reordering items in a list. Tap and drag this control up or down to move the annotation controls out of the way and they’ll stay there until you move them again (even if you exit and re-enter annotation mode later).

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Cropping pages to enlarge your music

Most PDF files contain white space around the edges, but these margins are more important for printing something out rather than displaying it on a screen. To crop individual pages within a PDF file, use Crop tool by following these steps:

  • Open the Tools menu (toolbox icon) and choose Crop
  • The app will attempt to detect the edges of the music and auto-crop the score
  • Use two fingers to zoom in or pan around and enlarge the page further if needed
  • Use the slider in the crop toolbar to adjust the skew of the page if needed
  • Tap the next page arrow to move through the rest of the file and make further page-specific adjustments if needed
  • Tap Crop when finished to save your changes

If you’d like to adjust the margins for all pages in a file at once, learn more about margin adjustment.

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Adding or creating new stamps

forScore’s annotation stamps include a general set for music markup, but we’ve also included the ability for users to create and add their own stamps to further customize the stamps palette and tailor it to their individual needs.

You can add stamps by pressing the + button or edit any existing stamps by first selecting them, and then tapping the action button. Either action will launch the stamp editor, where you can use your finger to draw or edit your design.

You can even create stamps by importing your own images. First, create an image on your computer (it must be a PNG image, and for best results should be 72×72 or 144×144 pixels), and add it to forScore via iTunes File Sharing. Then, create a new stamp and press the “Import” button to see the PNG files on your device. Tap on one to place it on the canvas and continue to edit it or simply save it as is.

Tip: The import panel also allows you to manage your files; swipe your finger across any entry to see the “delete” button appear, then tap it to remove an image once you no longer need it.

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Adding text annotations

Text annotations can be used to display custom text directly on the page at all times. With the “type” mode selected, tap anywhere to create a text box. You’ll see two small handles on either side of the box: the left handle allows you to move the text box around the screen, while the right handle allows you to change the width of the box. When you do so, the text box automatically adjusts its height to ensure that all of the text is visible.

Tap inside the text box to edit it, and you’ll notice a toolbar appear with several buttons on it. The “Format” button allows you to change the font, size, and color of the current annotation (save them as the default settings for any new text boxes if you like). The “Delete” button removes the current text box, and the “Done” button completes the edit. You can also tap anywhere on the page outside of the text box to finish editing and dismiss the virtual keyboard.

Tip: We do not recommend using multiple spaces in between text to create exact spacing across a page. (Example: entering chord markings across the top of a line of music.) Due to text scaling differences and font characteristics, the spacing can change when rotating from portrait to landscape or when printing or exporting an Annotated PDF. Instead, try creating a separate text field for each set of text, or, if you’re marking chords, try using stamps instead.

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Using Links to handle repeats

Create a link (Tools menu) between two points in your score to handle repeats with a single tap. Every link that you create consists of two components: a blue circle and an orange circle (an activation point and a target point). Blue circles are visible at all times and act like buttons, taking you to the correct location when tapped. When you do, the corresponding orange circle flashes twice, showing you where to begin playing, but remains invisible the rest of the time.

Note: Links don’t have to be on different pages, they can also be used as visual cues on the same page. If you’re using forScore in landscape mode, it even scrolls up or down if necessary.

To create a link, select “Link” from the tools menu, and you’ll see a new screen appear with two copies of the current score displayed side-by- side. You can use the seek bar or swipe to flip through the pages of either stack.

Tap anywhere on the left-hand page to create a blue circle, and tap anywhere on the right-hand page to create a corresponding orange circle. Both points are required to create a link. If you need to adjust the placement of a link point, simply tap the screen again in the correct position and the circle will move.

Tip: Tap and hold the page for a moment and a magnifying glass will pop up just above your finger, letting you position your links more precisely.

Tip: If you’re using a foot pedal to turn pages, use the Rearrange tool instead to duplicate and re-order your pages for a linear play-through of the song.

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Sharing (6)

Using cloud services

Use online storage services to store and access any scores you don’t have room for on your device, to share music with friends and colleagues, or to manually back up your most important files. While we provide access to some third-party services through our app, we have no control over their service or terms and conditions, both of which are subject to change at any time. Please be sure to visit their respective websites if you have any questions prior to signing up for or using these services.

The Services Panel

Getting Started

forScore’s Services panel allows you to access and work with files stored in your Dropbox, Google Drive, Microsoft OneDrive (personal), or Box accounts. (The “iCloud Drive” or “Files” service is discussed in the next section.) Tap the + button in the top left-hand corner to pick which services you use. When you’re done, select any of your preferred services from the account list to log in and begin using it. Services ask you to log in as you start using them, or if your credentials expire.

Once you’ve successfully logged in, you’ll be able to navigate through your folders and see your files. You can upload, download, move, and delete many of the file types forScore supports, including PDF files, forScore-specific (4SC, 4SS, and 4SB) files, comma-separated (CSV) files, and many audio file formats. You can also download some kinds of text files (TXT, RTF, DOC, and DOCX) and they’ll be automatically converted to PDFs once they’ve been downloaded. Unsupported or unrecognized file types are greyed out.

Downloading Files

Tap on a file to download it and a copy will be saved into your forScore library. If a file with the same name already exists in your library, you’ll be asked to duplicate or overwrite the file, or to cancel the transfer. Tap the stop button in the middle of the progress wheel to cancel a file transfer.

To download all files within a folder:

  • View the folder you’d like to download from
  • Tap the Edit button in the upper right corner of the panel
  • Tap the “select all” button along the bottom of the panel (a circled check mark)
  • Tap the “download” button (cloud with an arrow pointing down out of it) to start downloading the selected files

If you have setlists in your current forScore library, you can also download one or more scores and add them to a specific setlist automatically once they’re finished. Swipe from right to left over a single score and choose “Download…” to see a list of options: download the item normally, download it to the last setlist you were viewing in the Setlists menu, or choose any setlist from a complete list. To download multiple files into a setlist, tap the Edit button, select your files, and tap the download icon at the bottom of the panel—the rest of the process is the same.

Moving Files

While in edit mode, tap to select one or more files, then choose “Move” from the control bar. The selected files will turn blue, and you’ll be able to select directories or use the back button to navigate to the desired destination. When you’re ready, tap the “Move” button once again to send the selected files to the current directory.

Uploading Files

To upload files, tap the + button at the bottom of the panel. This presents a searchable list of all the files in your library that can be uploaded, with separate tabs for scores, setlists, audio files, backups, and other file types such as CSV indexes. Depending on which tab you’ve selected, you may also see additional upload options in the bottom right-hand corner of the upload picker. When viewing scores, for instance, you can choose to upload the original PDF file as-is, a forscore-specific (4SC) file that includes editable annotations and additional information, or as a flattened PDF file with non-editable annotations. Tap one or more files to select them, then tap the “Upload” button in the upper right corner of the menu to begin the upload process. If you would like to select all files, tap the All button at the bottom of the panel.

Drag and Drop

If you’re using iOS 11, you can also use Drag and Drop gestures to upload items or move files between folders:

To move files, tap and hold your finger over any supported file until it animates up and then drag your finger away to begin. While continuing to drag the first file, tap additional items to collect them, if desired, then drop them onto a folder to move them there or use your other fingers to navigate into and out of folders as needed until you’re viewing the target location, then drop the files to finish moving them.

To upload, drag one or more scores, setlists, or other supported files from forScore’s various menus into the Services panel and drop them into the list to upload them there or use your other fingers to navigate to the correct location first. If necessary, you’ll be asked to choose which format you want to use once you drop your files into the Services panel.

Files, iCloud Drive, and Other Providers

With iOS 11, Apple introduced the Files app which gives you access to your files, whether they’re stored on your device or in iCloud Drive. Third party apps and services can also choose to make their content available through the Files app (called “File Providers”). You continue to use the same interface you’re used to within the Files app, but behind the scenes that third-party app is doing the work of updating and maintaining your documents wherever they’re stored. Major cloud services such as Dropbox, Google Drive, Box, Microsoft OneDrive, SugarSync, and Amazon Drive have all updated their apps to work this way, and other apps such as FileExplorer and FileBrowser let you configure and connect to many different locations including servers that use FTP, SFTP, or WebDAV.

For iPad users, Split View and Slide Over multitasking modes and Drag and Drop gestures give you incredible flexibility to work with your files however you like. You can also use iOS’ standard sharing functions to copy files between apps, and you can learn more about working with the Files app here.

forScore also allows you to access the Files (or older iCloud Drive) app interface—and any third-party File Providers—through the Services panel so you can perform quick tasks without leaving the app. This special service, called “Files” or “iCloud Drive” depending on which version of forScore and iOS you’re using, works differently from other services since Apple limits developer’s access to your content. Unlike with other services, which provide a list of files and allow you to upload or download files from there, Apple’s service is purpose-driven: to begin you must choose whether you want to download or upload files, but you cannot do both at the same time.

Since this interface is generated by Apple, it may change at any time. For additional or updated information, please visit this Apple Support article.

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Sharing scores

Whether you want to share a file with a colleague, print out a score with all of your annotations, or send a copy to another app on your iPad, forScore’s Share function can help. To share one or more items, use any of the following methods:

  • Choose the “Share” option in the tools menu to share the score you’re currently viewing.
  • Tap the share icon (a box with an arrow pointing out of the top) on the right-hand side of the Metadata panel’s navigation bar. If you’re batch editing several files, this will share all of them at once.
  • While viewing a list of scores or bookmarks in most of forScore’s menus, swipe from right to left over an item and choose the gray “Share” option (available in forScore 10 or later).
  • In the Scores or Bookmarks menus, or while viewing the contents of a setlist in the Setlists menu, tap the “Edit” button on the right-hand side of the navigation bar, tap to select one or more items, and choose the “Share” option at the top of the list.

Any of these actions will prompt you to share your item (or items) as an unmodified PDF file, a permanently annotated PDF file, or using a special forScore-only “4SC” format that includes annotations, metadata, links, and more. Once you make your selection, a new popup will appear giving you a wide range of sharing options. This popup, called a “share sheet,” is provided by iOS and its contents depend on your device’s setup and which apps you currently have installed.

Common options include Mail, Messages, Print, and—if your device supports it—AirDrop (which lets you share files quickly with other iOS users in close proximity). You will also have the option to copy your file to any other PDF-compatible apps on your device, like iBooks or Dropbox.

In-Place Editing

As of forScore 10.4 and forScore mini 3.4, sharing certain files with other apps may either send a new copy of the file to that app, or it may make forScore’s copy available for in-place editing (if the target app supports this). Changes made to your files in this manner are immediately reflected within your forScore library. In-place editing is not supported when sharing modified files, such as annotated PDFs or 4SC files.

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Sharing files via Bluetooth

This article relates to a legacy feature that has been retired and is hidden by default as of forScore 10.4 and forScore mini 3.4. For most users, AirDrop provides a better solution for sharing files between devices.

If your devices do not support AirDrop (the preferred method for transferring files between iOS devices), you can share files with nearby forScore users via Bluetooth using the following steps.

Connecting:

  • On both devices, tap the “Bluetooth” item from the tools menu
  • On one device, tap the “Connect” button in the top left corner and select the device you’d like to exchange files with when it appears in the list of nearby devices
  • When prompted on the other device, choose to accept the incoming connection

Sharing: Tap on any item from the list to share it (use the search bar to quickly find something by name). Setlists, backups, and audio files appear at the end of the list.

At the bottom of the share panel, you can choose to send scores as 4SC files (which include editable annotations, links, notes, and more), or you can send the original PDF file as is.

Note: Due to iOS changes, forScore 7 uses a different API that is not compatible with older versions. As such, file transfers are limited to nearby devices running forScore 7.0 or later.

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Does forScore sync content across devices?

forScore doesn’t offer any syncing capabilities due to the complexity of the app’s data structure, but you can use these instructions to copy your entire library to another devices: Transferring your forScore library to another device

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Working with the Files app in iOS 11

iOS 11 introduced the Files app (formerly called the iCloud Drive app) which gives you access to many of your documents across your device, apps, and cloud storage services. It’s a centralized way to work with files and manage or share them no matter where they come from, and when used with iOS 11’s Drag and Drop gestures it becomes an even more powerful tool that can be used in a variety of helpful ways.

This knowledge base article provides an overview of the Files app and how it can be used with forScore specifically. For more information on using the Files app more generally, please visit this Apple Support article.

Working with Files

The Files app’s sidebar lets you browse by location or tags and gives you easy access your favorite folders. Tap any of the items in these lists to see the files within (or associated with) it. You can sort these files by name, date, size, and tags, switch between a list or grid view, and tap an item to preview it if supported. Tap and hold any item to see more options, allowing you to do things like rename, share, move, or delete a file. The “Select” button in the top right-hand corner lets you select one or more files and work with them simultaneously.

Copying from Files to other Apps

To send a copy of one of your files to an app like forScore, tap and hold the file (if you’re viewing the grid or list view) and choose “Share” or tap the item to open a full-screen preview and use the share icon in the top right-hand corner. More information on sharing files between apps can be found here. forScore works with PDF files, many audio formats, CSV files, and its own custom formats (4SC scores, 4SS setlists, and 4SB backups). forScore can also import certain types of text file and automatically converts them to PDFs upon import.

Copying from forScore to Files

forScore provides sharing features in a variety of different locations and contexts. Within most of forScore’s menus you can share a score, bookmark, or setlist by swiping over it from right to left and tapping “Share” or you can use edit mode to select and share multiple items. You can also swipe to share certain items when shown in the Search panel, backups panel, audio picker, and many of forScore’s other views. Tap the “Save to Files” option within the sharing interface to pick a location and save a copy of your content.

forScore’s DocumentsforScore 10.4 & 3.4

In the Locations section of the Files app’s sidebar, under “On My iPad” or “On My iPhone,” you can access the Documents directory of certain apps that store their content on-device, such as forScore. Working with forScore’s documents through the Files app has similar implications as using iTunes’ File Sharing panel does: adding and removing files in this directory adds or removes them from your forScore library, and renaming PDF files is discouraged as it can lead to a loss of metadata, annotations, and other forScore information about that file. The use of subdirectories is not supported at this time.

When opening files from this directory in other apps, or when sharing them from within forScore 10.4 or forScore mini 3.4, those apps may offer in-place editing capabilities that permanently modify your content. Changes made to forScore’s files in this manner are reflected within forScore. Learn more about in-place editing by visiting this page.

Drag and DropiOS 11+

When you’re using an iPad, Drag and Drop gestures allow you to work with content between apps, not just within them. That means you can drag scores, setlists, backups, and other kinds of content out of forScore and right into the Files app to copy them there. Or, drag compatible files from the Files app into various views within forScore to copy them the other way. Our importing and sharing articles provide more details about this.

File Providers

The Files app isn’t just limited to what’s on your device or stored in iCloud, any app can make its files available to the system interactively. You continue to use the Files app with its familiar interface and work just like you always do, but behind the scenes that third-party app is doing the work of updating and maintaining your documents wherever they’re stored. Common examples of third-party apps that take advantage of this system include Dropbox, Google Drive, Box, Microsoft OneDrive, Amazon Drive, SugarSync, and more.

If you’ve downloaded an app that has been updated to work this way, it will be available as an option in the Files app’s “locations” list but will be disabled by default. Tap “Edit” in the sidebar to see all available providers and flip the switch next to the ones you want to use to enable them.

Some apps provide access to multiple services or network locations by leveraging a variety of protocols, including FTP, SFTP, WebDAV, and more. Apps like FileExplorer and FileBrowser let you configure and connect to many different accounts, either through the Files app or using their own interface.

In forScore’s Services panel

To help users access and work with their files within third-party apps, Apple provides a standardized system interface for uploading and downloading files. This interface is very similar to the Files app in iOS 11 or the iCloud Drive app on iOS 10 or earlier, so you can do most of the same things you’d normally do within these apps without ever leaving forScore.

This interface is available as an account option within forScore’s Services panel, called “iCloud Drive” or “Files” depending on your version of forScore and iOS. Unlike with other services, developers get very limited access to this content so we cannot provide the same familiar interface or offer the same set of features as we normally do within the Services panel. Instead, Apple’s interface is purpose-driven: you must choose up-front if you want to upload content from forScore or if you want to download and copy files into forScore instead.

For quick, simple tasks this is a great way to interact with the Files app (and any third-party file providers you’ve set up). For more intensive work, using Split View or Slide Over and Drag and Drop gestures usually gives you more flexibility.

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Working with Audio (6)

Linking audio to your scores with Music Binding

If you want to use an audio track with a particular piece, you can associate that track with the corresponding sheet music in forScore and control playback directly from within the app. Open the Metadata panel for the score or bookmark and select the “Audio” tab. Tap the round + button to select tracks from your iTunes music library, or tap the rectangular + button to view files stored in the app’s documents directory. (Audio files can be created using the record feature, imported from other apps, or transferred via iTunes file sharing.)

The media box updates every time you turn the page, disappearing if there is no track associated with the current score or bookmark, so you don’t have to spend time looking through your audio library every time you want to listen to it—just press play.

If multiple tracks are associated with the current score, swipe left and right over the album artwork to move between them.

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Using Replay to automate page turns

Automate your page turns by recording them in conjunction with a linked audio track. Tap the Replay button in the media box (the page with an arrow in it) and turn pages while the track plays. On subsequent plays, pages will turn themselves at just the right moment.

While replay mode is on, small lines in the seek bar will show you where saved page turns are located. An X button will also appear on the right-hand side of the seek bar, allowing you to delete saved page turns and start from scratch.

Please note that Autoturn and Replay are not intended to be used in tandem. We recommend choosing one method or the other.

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Recording audio in forScore

Whether you’d like to review your practice sessions later or share your progress with friends and colleagues, forScore’s recording feature can help. Choose “record” from the tools menu to begin, and tap the microphone icon when you’re ready. You’ll see a red volume meter so you can make sure you’re close enough for the microphone to pick up clear audio. Tap the microphone again to stop recording, and then either save or discard it. Saved recordings are automatically linked to the current score so you can review them later.

The list icon next to the microphone lets you view, share, or delete any recordings you’ve made for the current score.

Note: The media box is not visible while recording. Tap the X button when you’re finished recording to continue using the media playback controls.

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Adjusting audio track speed and pitch

As of version 10, forScore has the ability to independently adjust the playback speed and pitch of your audio tracks, with limitations depending on each track’s properties:

  • DRMed files or files that haven’t been downloaded to your device can be played at 50%, 75%, or 100% of their normal speed
  • Other tracks can be slowed down or sped up from 25% to 200% of their original speed
  • Other tracks can also be pitch adjusted by up to an octave up or down

These options are made available automatically whenever possible, and can all be accessed by tapping the dial button in the media box. Pitch and speed are saved automatically per track, so you can move between tracks or scores without losing your settings.

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Looping a segment of audio

If you’d like to loop a portion of the song, tap on the repeat symbol in the media controller and drag the blue handles left and right to set the loop time.

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Working with the Metronome (6)

Understanding forScore’s metronome

With forScore’s metronome, you can use several different methods to keep time. In Audible mode, you’ll hear a tick at regular intervals, based on the beats per minute (BPM) that you set. With the Visible metronome, a black border pulses around the edges of your score, allowing you to keep time visually while still being able to see the entire page. If you like, you can use the Both option to both see and hear the metronome simultaneously.

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Turning pages automatically with Autoturn

For scores with sequential pages, forScore’s metronome can also turn the pages for you automatically. To use autoturn, follow these three steps:

  • For each page of your score, enter in the number of beats on that page or type in the number of measures and the app will do the math for you. If you’re on the first page of your score, consider adding a few extra beats as a lead-in.
  • Tap the autoturn button to turn it on (if it isn’t already)
  • Start the metronome by selecting Audible, Visible, or Both

Once the metronome counts up to the number you’ve specified, the page will turn automatically. If you’re viewing your score in landscape mode, forScore will also scroll down when it reaches half of that number. (For example, if you have 64 beats on a page, it’ll scroll to the bottom of the page at 32 beats.)

Turn the metronome off at any point to reset the autoturn count.

Tip: Autoturn relies on a consistent tempo for each page. If your score contains multiple time signatures or significant changes in speed, consider using Replay or a hands-free page turner instead. Please note that Autoturn and Replay are not intended to be used in tandem. We recommend choosing one method or the other.

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Adjusting the BPM and time signature

For each score in your library, forScore saves a unique BPM value and time signature that’s automatically used every time you return to the metronome feature. Just tap either value to change it with the number keypad. You can also adjust the current score’s BPM by rotating the wheel, using the + and – buttons (available in forScore 10 or later), or by tapping twice in the center of the screen to feel out the beat.

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Using Count In to lead off a song

Use the “Count In” feature to automatically turn off the metronome after a certain number of measures. Tap the Count In button to enable it, then set the number of measures by tapping on the value and entering it with the keypad. Once you start the metronome (audible, visible, or both), the app will count out the number of measures specified and stop automatically.

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Adjusting the metronome audio channels

If you’re using headphones or a line out with your device, an icon at the top of the panel controls which channel(s) the audio plays through. Tap to toggle between left, right, and both channels.

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Working with Libraries (6)

Managing a score’s setlist and library membership

The “setlists” tab in the metadata panel lets you quickly manage which setlists the current score is a part of. Tap a setlist to add the current score to it (a blue checkbox will appear) and tap it again to remove it. If you have multiple libraries set up, a similar “libraries” panel lets you manage library membership in the same manner.

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Adding files to a specific Library

To import new scores to an existing library, use the following steps:

  • From the Libraries menu, tap to select a library you’d like to use. The Libraries menu should close and return to the main score menu showing only the selected library.
  • Add the files via iTunes, email, or Dropbox and they will be imported into the currently selected library by default.

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Creating a new library

Use these steps to create a new library in forScore:

  • Open the Scores menu to the root Categories view (tap the back button if necessary) and tap the Library button in the upper left corner
  • Tap the + button to add a new library, then give the library a name
  • If you’d like to reorder your libraries, tap “edit” and drag the three lines to the right of each item up or down
  • Tap to select your new library and make it active, closing the Libraries list and returning you to the Scores menu

Any scores you add to forScore are automatically added to the current library, but since your new library is empty right now there won’t be much to look at. Return to the libraries list and select “All Libraries” to browse for the scores you’d like to use. In the metadata panel, choose the “libraries” tab and tap the name of your new library to place a checkmark next to it. This works while batch editing, too, so you can add multiple scores to a library quickly and easily.

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Moving scores between libraries

You can reassign scores to different libraries or designate multiple libraries for a particular score through the metadata panel:

  • From the Libraries menu, tap All Libraries to select it
  • Tap the Close button in the upper left corner to return to the scores menu and navigate to a sub-view that contains the scores you’d like to move
  • Tap the Edit button in the upper right corner of the scores menu, then select the scores you’d like to modify
  • Tap the Edit button that appears in the contextual options at the top of the list to open a Batch Metadata panel
  • Choose the Libraries view toward the bottom of the panel
  • Tap to select or deselect libraries in the list
  • Tap the back arrow in the upper left corner of the metadata panel to save the changes.

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Moving setlists between libraries

With forScore 10 or later, use these instructions to manage a single setlist’s library membership:

  • Open the main setlist menu and tap the circled “i” button next to the setlist you want to edit
  • Tap to select a library from the list and a check mark will appear next to it
  • The app will prompt you to move all associated files from that setlist to the corresponding library if applicable
  • Tap the back arrow to return to the setlist menu

If you want to edit multiple setlists at once, or if you’re using forScore 9 or earlier, use these instructions:

  • Open the main setlist menu and tap Edit in the upper right corner
  • Tap to select one or more setlists, then tap the Edit option that appears at the top of the menu
  • Tap to select a library from the list and a check mark will appear next to it
  • The app will prompt you to move all associated files from that setlist to the corresponding library if applicable
  • Tap the back arrow to return to the setlist menu

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Drag and Drop (8)

Drag and drop basics

Drag & Drop

iOS 11 introduced Drag and Drop gestures, allowing you to work more quickly and naturally in apps like forScore that have been updated to support them. Note that Drag and Drop is not available on iOS 10 or earlier, and that it works between apps on iPad but only within the same app on iPhone or iPod Touch.

Gestures

To use Drag and Drop, tap and hold your finger over an interface element—if it can be dragged, it will animate and appear to lift off of the screen slightly. Once it does, drag your finger away to start a drag session. While continuing to hold that item with one finger, you can use other fingers to interact with the app just as you normally would. You can close the view you’re working in, open other panels or menus, and even switch apps (or use the iPad’s Split Screen and Slide Over multitasking modes).

When you drag your items over a compatible view or portion of the screen, you’ll see the interface change to indicate that an action can be performed there. When rearranging items in a list (scores within a setlist, for example), other items move out of the way and create a gap to show that you dropping your item there will move it to that spot. In other cases, a green “+” symbol may appear indicating that your items will be added or copied instead of moved. Different situations use different symbols, and it takes just a few minutes of exploration to understand what each of them means and how they work.

Multiple Items

In some cases, you can start dragging an item with one finger, then tap other similar items with a second finger to add them to your drag session. As you do, each item will animate over to your first finger (Apple calls this “flocking”) and you’ll be able to drag them all around at once and drop the entire set wherever you need to.

Often times you can even drag similar items from different views: drag a score out of the main menu, then tap a bookmark from your most recent setlist, for instance, to add it to the items you’re currently dragging.

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Rearranging items with Drag and Drop

Many of forScore’s views list items that can be rearranged: setlists and their contents, libraries, audio tracks and MIDI commands in the Metadata panel, accounts in the Services panel, and more. Typically, these items can be arranged by tapping “edit” and then dragging the three horizontal lines on the right-hand side of the cell up or down as needed. With Drag and Drop, there’s no need to enter “edit” mode first—simply tap and hold any part of the item until it lifts up and out of the list, then drag up or down as needed.

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Annotating with Drag and Drop

While annotating, use Drag and Drop to rearrange your drawing presets by dragging them left or right. You can also work with images in several ways: drop an image onto the page (from the Photos app, Safari, or any app that allows you to drag images) and forScore can add it as an annotation. Resize it, reposition it, then tap outside of it to place your image.

Create new stamps by dragging images from other apps directly into the Stamp Creator’s canvas. Use the Selection tool to select an area of drawn annotations, then use Drag and Drop to copy them as an image to other apps. Since you’re working with standard images in both cases, you can even combine these two examples to create new stamps from annotations you’ve previously drawn by hand, all without leaving the app or needing to go to your computer to deal with image editing software.

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Using Drag and Drop with scores and bookmarks

You can drag scores and bookmarks from many of forScore’s list views, including the Score menu, the Bookmarks menu, the contents of a setlist in the Setlist menu, search results in the Search panel, and you can drag the current item out of the main view’s title display.

Opening Items

Drop a single score or bookmark into the main view’s title display to open it, or drag one or more items into the Tab bar to open them in tabs. If the Tab bar isn’t already visible, it will slide out when you drag an item over the page so you can access it if needed.

Setlists

Use Drag and Drop to create or update setlists in several different ways: Drop one or more items into the Setlists menu to create a new setlist with those items. Drop them onto an existing setlist to add them to the end of it, or hover over a setlist for a few moments to open it. Drop items into a setlist’s contents to add them to that setlist at a specific point.

Services

While viewing a directory in the Services panel, drop one or more scores into the list to upload them. You’ll be asked to choose which format you’d like to use (PDF, annotated PDF, or 4SC file) before the upload begins.

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Using Drag and Drop with setlists

Rearranging Setlists

Typically, setlists or their items can be arranged by tapping “edit” and then dragging the three horizontal lines on the right-hand side of the cell up or down as needed. With Drag and Drop, there’s no need to enter “edit” mode first—simply tap and hold any part of the item until it lifts up and out of the list, then drag up or down as needed. Other items in the list will move out of the way, allowing you to drop your item when it’s over the right spot.

Note: rearranging setlists and their items can only be done when viewing them in “manual” sort order.

You can also use Drag and Drop to move setlists into or out of folders. Drop a setlist onto a folder to move it into that folder, or hover over the folder for a few moments (or tap on it with another finger) to open it and place the setlist at a specific spot. Or, drag a setlist and tap the menu’s back button with another finger to move it out of a folder and drop it back into the root list.

Creating Setlists

To create a new setlist, drop one or more scores or bookmarks into the main Setlists list and supply a name. To add items to an existing setlist, drop them onto the setlist’s name and they’ll be added to the end of that list. Or, hover over a setlist (or tap it) to open it, then drop the items into the list at a specific point. You can even drag items out from one setlist and into another one to copy items between them.

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Devices and Accessories (11)

Virtual keyboard won’t appear

iOS disables the virtual on-screen keyboard whenever most page turners are connected, because many page turners use a “keyboard” device profile. Disconnecting your device will allow the virtual keyboard to reappear when it is needed, and the devices listed below include an additional hardware workaround that can allow you to use the device and the virtual keyboard at the same time:

AirTurn BT-105 (firmware v1.22 or later) or BT-106, Duo, Quad

After connecting your device via the Bluetooth section of the Settings app, open forScore and tap to activate the text field you’d like to type in. Then, press the red power button. Once that’s done, you should be able to use the virtual keyboard and still turn pages normally. Be aware that pressing the virtual keyboard’s “hide” button in the lower right-hand corner will undo this workaround, and you’ll need to repeat these steps to continue to use the virtual keyboard. For a video demonstration of this feature, visit AirTurn’s website.

AirTurn PED (if used in mode 2 or higher)

After connecting your device via the Bluetooth section of the Settings app, open forScore and tap to activate the text field you’d like to type in. Then, press the keyboard button on the PED device. Once that’s done, you should be able to use the virtual keyboard and still turn pages normally. Be aware that pressing the virtual keyboard’s “hide” button in the lower right-hand corner will undo this workaround, and you’ll need to repeat these steps to continue to use the virtual keyboard. If possible, use the AirTurn PED in mode 1 to connect via Bluetooth Smart and avoid this issue entirely.

PageFlip Firefly, Butterfly, Dragonfly, and Cicada revision 4 or later

After connecting your device via the Bluetooth section of the Settings app, open forScore and tap to activate the text field you’d like to type in. Then, press the currently selected mode button (the button with the blinking red light below or next to it). Once that’s done, you should be able to use the virtual keyboard and still turn pages normally. Be aware that pressing the virtual keyboard’s “hide” button in the lower right-hand corner will undo this workaround, and you’ll need to repeat these steps to continue to use the virtual keyboard. Note: Earlier revisions of the PageFlip Cicada do not have any way to toggle the virtual keyboard. If you have an early model of the Cicada, consider updating to a newer PageFlip model.

IKMultimedia iRig BlueTurn

After connecting your device via the Bluetooth section of the Settings app, open forScore and tap to activate the text field you’d like to type in. Press and hold the left (“up” arrow) pad for three seconds to activate the virtual keyboard. Once that’s done, you should be able to use the virtual keyboard and still turn pages normally until you repeat these steps or power cycle your BlueTurn.

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Connecting your AirTurn PED

AirTurn’s PED features six different modes for compatibility with a wide range of devices. Using the PED’s mode 1 will give you the best battery life and won’t interfere with iOS’s virtual on-screen keyboard, while modes 2 and up use an older keyboard-based profile like all previous AirTurn page turners.

Note: AirTurn PED requires a Bluetooth Smart-capable device, iPad 1 and 2 not supported.

Switching PED modes:

  • Turn on the PED.
  • Press and hold the MODE button. The red LED will flash once per second from 1 to 6 flashes. The number of flashes corresponds to the same MODE number. Be sure to count the flashes.
  • Release the MODE button following the number of flashes that reflects the desired MODE. The blue and red LEDs will flash together the number of times indicating which MODE has been set.
  • IMPORTANT: You must restart the device after switching between modes 1 and 2. With the PED powered on, press and hold the power button for six seconds. After two seconds, the PED will appear to power down. Continue to hold the power button. At six seconds both LEDs will blink three times. After the third blink release the power button.

Connecting via mode 1 (forScore 8.3 or newer, forScore mini 1.2 or newer):

  • Check the “Bluetooth” section of the Settings app for your PED under the “My Devices” list. If listed, tap the circled “i” button to the right of it and select “Forget This Device.”
  • If you haven’t done so already, set your PED to mode 1 (see above).
  • In forScore, open the Devices panel and select “AirTurn PED.”
  • Ensure that “AirTurn Support” is enabled and select your PED from the devices list when it appears.

Connecting via mode 2 or higher:

  • If you haven’t done so already, set your PED to your desired mode (see above).
  • In the Settings app, select Devices and select your PED when it appears.

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Using Apple Pencil

Although Apple Pencil works with all versions of forScore and provides superior palm rejection right out of the box, forScore was highly optimized for use with this accessory with our 9.3 update. Performance was dramatically improved, especially when using larger presets or when drawing long, continuous marks, and the update added support for Apple Pencil’s pressure sensitivity. Using earlier versions of forScore with Apple Pencil is not recommended.

Live Annotations

Version 9.3 added the ability to annotate by simply drawing on the page with Apple Pencil (removing the need to activate annotation mode first). Use the “automatically enter annotation mode” option in the Apple Pencil section of forScore’s settings panel to enable this behavior. We call this “Live Annotation.”

Because forScore remembers which drawing preset or tool you were using the last time you annotated, and because Live Annotation starts immediately, it can get confusing to keep track of exactly what will happen when you begin drawing with Apple Pencil. In forScore 9.4, new settings allow you to control how this works: check and uncheck tool types to either allow them to be saved between annotation sessions or not. Or, if you prefer, simply set a default drawing tool (stamps, shapes, or any one of your freeform drawing presets) and that tool will always be active every time you start annotating.

Version 10.0 added an additional setting called “prevent finger input” that allows you to continue using your fingers to control the interface, but only allows Apple Pencil to draw or place stamps and shapes. Note that this only applies when you’ve entered annotation mode by drawing with the Pencil; using any other method, like the default tap and hold gesture, will recognize finger input as it normally does (this allows you to annotate even when Apple Pencil is connected but out of reach).

Instant Annotations

Version 10.1 added another setting, called “automatically exit annotation mode” that works in conjunction with the “automatically enter annotation mode” option. This setting allows you to start drawing with Apple Pencil, but does not show the annotation toolbar and automatically saves your work and returns to the normal viewing mode after a delay. This setting’s options are “short” (a very quick delay), “long” (a slightly longer pause), or “never” (annotation mode stays active until you explicitly save or cancel your changes). If you’re using this option, finger input is blocked by default so the “prevent finger input” setting is disabled. We refer to this setup as “Instant Annotation.”

Compatibility

Apple Pencil is currently compatible with iPad (6th generation) and all iPad Pro models.

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Sending and receiving MIDI signals

In the “MIDI” section of the metadata panel, you can assign a unique command to each score and open it with some MIDI devices. You can also save a list of commands to be sent out each time that score is opened. If you plan to use the same set of commands more than once, presets make it easy to save them and assign them to other scores later.

Note: USB-enabled MIDI devices can often connect to an iOS device via Apple’s Camera Connection Kit, while others may require an adapter like the iRig Midi.

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Customizing page turner shortcuts

With forScore 6 or later and with all versions of forScore mini, you can assign custom commands and shortcuts to a Bluetooth or MIDI device. To do so, first make sure your device is paired with your iPad or iPhone in the Settings app (or your MIDI device is connected to your iPad), then choose “Page turners and shortcuts” from the app’s settings panel (in the Tools menu). Tap a command in the list provided to begin “listening” for a signal. Press the desired pedal or button on the device to send the signal, and the corresponding characters/keystrokes/MIDI command will appear to the right of the command in the settings panel. Repeat the process as necessary to customize your settings, and you should be all set!

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Tips and Tricks (3)

Adding or creating new stamps

forScore’s annotation stamps include a general set for music markup, but we’ve also included the ability for users to create and add their own stamps to further customize the stamps palette and tailor it to their individual needs.

You can add stamps by pressing the + button or edit any existing stamps by first selecting them, and then tapping the action button. Either action will launch the stamp editor, where you can use your finger to draw or edit your design.

You can even create stamps by importing your own images. First, create an image on your computer (it must be a PNG image, and for best results should be 72×72 or 144×144 pixels), and add it to forScore via iTunes File Sharing. Then, create a new stamp and press the “Import” button to see the PNG files on your device. Tap on one to place it on the canvas and continue to edit it or simply save it as is.

Tip: The import panel also allows you to manage your files; swipe your finger across any entry to see the “delete” button appear, then tap it to remove an image once you no longer need it.

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Using tabs to view multiple files in forScore

forScore includes a tabs option, much like a web browser, that allows you to open multiple files at once.

The tabs bar is hidden by default when there’s only one tab in use, but you can open an item in a new tab in a couple different ways. When viewing a menu, tap and hold an item to see a preview pop up, then tap the + button in the corner of the preview to open that item in a new tab. When viewing an item’s metadata panel, you can also tap the + button in the corner of the page preview there to open it in a new tab.

And if you’d like the tab bar to always show, there’s an option for that in the app’s settings panel. If you enable that, there’s a new tab button accessible from within the tab bar directly.

With forScore 10 or later, you can also rearrange tabs: tap and hold one of them for a moment until it animates and grows larger, then drag it left or right as needed and lift your finger to drop it.

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About iPad multitasking

Since iOS 9, iPad users have been able to use Split View and Slide Over multitasking modes to work with multiple apps more easily. With iOS 11’s addition of the dock and Drag and Drop gestures, things have gotten even more powerful. Apple’s support article explores this topic more generally, and it’s the best place to learn how to use all of iOS’ multitasking features.

forScore has supported Split View and Slide Over multitasking modes since iOS 9’s release, and we updated forScore to deeply integrate with Apple’s Drag and Drop gestures ahead of iOS 11’s launch. Use both to work more efficiently and naturally than ever before.

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